John B. Kendrick

John B. Kendrick

John Benjamin Kendrick was born in Cherokee County, Texas, on 6th September, 1857. He moved to Wyoming in 1879 and raised cattle and sheep.

A member of the Democratic Party, Kendrick served as Governor of Wyoming (1915-17) before being elected to the Senate. He was a member of the Committee on Public Lands and Surveys and played an important role in the exposing the Teapot Dome Scandal in 1922.

John Benjamin Kendrick served in the Senate until his death at Sheridan, Wyoming, on 3rd November, 1933.

In the spring of 1922 rumors reached parties interested that a lease had been or was about to be made of Naval Reserve No. 3 in the state of Wyoming, - popularly known, from its local designation, as the Teapot Dome. This was one of three great areas known to contain petroleum in great quantity which had been set aside for the use of the Navy - Naval Reserves No. 1 and No. 2 in California by President Taft in 1912, and No. 3 by President Wilson in 1915. The initial steps toward the creation of these reserves - the land being public, that is, owned by the government - were

taken by President Roosevelt, who caused to be instituted a study to ascertain the existence and location of eligible areas, as a result of which President Taft in 1909 withdrew the tracts in question from disposition under the public land laws. These areas were thus set apart with a view to keeping in the ground a great reserve of oil available at some time in the future, more or less remote, when an adequate supply for the Navy could not, by reason of the failure or depletion of the world store, or the exigencies possibly of war, be procured or could be procured only at excessive cost; in other words to ensure the Navy in any exigency the fuel necessary to its efficient operation.

From the time of the original withdrawal order, private interests had persistently endeavored to assert or secure some right to exploit these rich reserves, the effort giving rise to a struggle lasting throughout the Wilson administration. Some feeble attempt was made by parties having no claim to any of the territory to secure a lease of all or a portion of the reserves, but in the main the controversy was waged by claimants asserting rights either legal or equitable in portions of the reserves antedating the withdrawal orders, on the one hand, and the Navy Department on the other. In that struggle Secretary Lane was accused of being unduly friendly to the private claimants, Secretary Daniels being too rigidly insistent on keeping the areas intact. President Wilson apparently supported Daniels in the main in the controversy which became acute and Lane retired from the cabinet, it is said, in consequence of the differences which had thus arisen.

The reserves were created, in the first place, in pursuance of the policy of conservation, the advocates of which, a militant body, active in the Ballinger affair, generally supported the attitude of Secretary Daniels and President Wilson.

They too became keen on the report of the impending lease of Teapot Dome. Failing to get any definite or reliable information at the departments, upon diligent inquiry, Senator Kendrick of Wyoming introduced and had passed by the Senate on April 16, 1922, a resolution calling on the secretary of the interior for information as to the existence of the lease which was the subject of the rumors, in response to which a letter was transmitted by the acting secretary of the interior on April 21, disclosing that a lease of the entire Reserve No. 3 was made two weeks before to the Mammoth Oil Company organized by Harry Sinclair, a spectacular oil operator. This was followed by the adoption by the Senate on April 29, 1922, of a resolution introduced by Senator LaFollette directing the Committee on Public Lands and Surveys to investigate the entire subject of leases of the naval oil reserves and calling on the secretary of the interior for all documents and full information in relation to the same.

In the month of June following, a cartload of documents said to have been furnished in compliance with the resolution was dumped in the committee rooms, and a letter from Secretary Fall to the President in justification of the lease of the Teapot Dome and of leases of limited areas on the other reserves was by him sent to the Senate. I was importuned by Senators LaFollette and Kendrick to assume charge of the investigation, the chairman of the committee and other majority members being believed to be unsympathetic, and assented the more readily because the Federal Trade

Commission had just reported that, owing to conditions prevailing in the oil fields of Wyoming and Montana, the people of my state were paying prices for gasoline in excess of those prevailing anywhere else in the Union.


WHO WERE THE KENDRICKS?

A penniless orphan when he came up the Texas Trail in 1879, John B. Kendrick made his fortune in ranching and real estate, and later went on to serve as Governor and U. S. Senator from Wyoming. Trail End was built to be his retirement home.

EULA WULFJEN KENDRICK

JOHN BENJAMIN KENDRICK

JOHN BENJAMIN KENDRICK

LADY OF THE HOUSE

Eula Wulfjen Kendrick was the beloved daughter of a well-to-do ranching family. Raised in Wyoming, educated in Texas, and introduced to society in Colorado, Eula was a cultured woman who helped make Trail End a comfortable family home.

ROSA-MAYE KENDRICK

ROSA-MAYE KENDRICK

ROSA-MAYE KENDRICK

COMING OF AGE AT TRAIL END

Rosa-Maye Kendrick turned sixteen on the day her family moved into Trail End. The stately new home was a fine introduction to the world she would soon come to know as the daughter of a Senator and the wife of a career Army officer.

MANVILLE KENDRICK

ROSA-MAYE KENDRICK

ROSA-MAYE KENDRICK

Manville Kendrick was a man of two worlds: ranch and society. Raised in the West and educated at Harvard, he spent a good deal of time balancing his job as a working cattleman with his love of travel, music, fine foods and entertainment.

HUBERT REILLY HARMON

HUBERT REILLY HARMON

HUBERT REILLY HARMON

AN OFFICER AND A GENTLEMAN

Major Hubert Harmon courted Rosa-Maye Kendrick for five years before she finally said "yes" in 1927. Following their marriage, they moved to London, the first of many postings during his long and celebrated Army career.

CLARA DIANA CUMMING

HUBERT REILLY HARMON

HUBERT REILLY HARMON

TRAIL END'S "SECOND LADY"

The daughter of United States Surgeon General Hugh Cumming, Diana fell in love with the West - and Manville Kendrick - in 1926. After their 1929 marriage at the National Cathedral, the couple moved to Trail End to raise their family.

Want to Learn More About the Kendrick Family?

One Cowboy's Dream: John B. Kendrick's Family, Home and Ranching Empire

(2005, Donning Press) is not only about John Kendrick, but his family as well: Eula Wulfjen Kendrick, who worked alongside her husband on his journey from log cabin to Governors' Mansion and beyond Rosa-Maye Kendrick, who, no matter where she lived during her years as an Army wife, always called the West her home Manville Kendrick, the Ivy League cowboy who won the heart of a blue-blooded debutante and brought her West to live in the family's dream home, a beautiful mansion in northern Wyoming known from the start as "Trail End."


John B. Kendrick II

John Benjamin Kendrick II, 89, died naturally on Sunday, March 21, 2021 of age-related complications after a surgical procedure. A lifelong Sheridan, Wyomingite, he also lived in Denver, Colorado for the last 40 years.

John was born November 13, 1931 in Washington, D.C., son of the late Manville Kendrick and Diana Cumming Kendrick of Sheridan, Wyoming. He attended boarding school at Phillips Exeter Academy in New Hampshire before heading to Harvard College in Cambridge, Massachusetts, from which he was graduated in 1954. Immediately after college, he served as a private in the US Army, stationed at Fort Dix, New Jersey, and Fort Devens, Massachusetts. While in the Army, John was an intelligence/electronics specialist who once fixed a damaged, top secret cryptography machine in a few hours when an entire team from the factory had been stymied for two weeks. Upon release from the Army, he returned to Wyoming to join his father running the ranches.

His paternal grandparents were Wyoming pioneers John Benjamin Kendrick and Eula Wulfjen Kendrick. A member of the Cowboy Hall of Fame born in Texas, the first John Kendrick was a penniless orphan who twice rode thousands of miles up the cattle trails from Texas to the Wyoming Territory. He was only 22 in 1879 when he first pushed cattle up the trail, riding drag in the dust as the junior hand. On the second drive, he was the foreman. He continued to work hard and acquired several ranches to form the Kendrick Cattle Company. Trail End, John and Eula Kendrick&rsquos home in Sheridan, Wyoming was completed in 1913 and is now a state museum. John B. Kendrick served as Wyoming&rsquos governor from 1915-17 and was a US senator from 1917 until his death in 1933. Senator Kendrick's story is beautifully documented in One Cowboy's Dream by Cynde Georgen.

In a letter of advice written on U.S. Senate stationery in 1932 to his daughter-in-law Diana about his infant grandson John, Senator John B. Kendrick wrote, "Now, whatever may be said about him, I am convinced that John means well and if you will give a little more time and thought to interpreting his meaning you will have no difficulty whatsoever in getting along with him. In one of his letters, Manville even stated that John was stubborn. Personally, I do not believe a word of it. My thought is that even at an early age he has come to an attitude of mind when he knows what he wants and when he wants it. Inasmuch as from the start he has looked more like his grandfather Cumming than anyone else, I take it that he has come honestly by this characteristic."

The family loves this letter although no one can attest to how it was received by John's brilliant and headstrong young mother, who happened to be a crack shot in her own right. It's likely good her father-in-law wrote this from the safety of his Senate office in Washington, D.C.

John&rsquos maternal grandfather was Dr. Hugh Smith Cumming, surgeon general of the United States from 1920-36 serving under five presidents. He and Senator Kendrick were instrumental in establishing the Veterans Administration hospital system. Dr. Cumming took charge of the U.S. Public Health Service in the fallout from the 1918 Spanish Flu pandemic, where he institutionalized the then new and revolutionary discoveries about infectious diseases.

John and his younger brother Hugh grew up in Trail End and on the Kendrick ranches with their parents and grandmother. John filled Trail End's basement with scientific experiments and later its ballroom with music and dance parties. John was not averse to the odd prank, which may have involved minor explosions and rolling massive snowballs down the wood plank walkway into Kendrick Park several hundred feet below. These early forays into empirical science and physics stood him in good stead as he could build and fix anything he set his mind to on both the ranches and at his cabin in the Bighorn Mountains.

John succeeded his father as president of the Kendrick Cattle Company. He instituted modern management practices, particularly in the farming and irrigation operations. He worked with the Wyoming Game and Fish Department to create a pheasant farm for conservation and sport. During these years, John was active in the Wyoming Stock Growers Association and the National Cattlemen&rsquos Beef Association.

John was a truly brilliant expert in an extraordinary number of subjects as he read prolifically, listened attentively, traveled widely and seemingly remembering every single detail and nuance while effortlessly building rapport with anyone from the most junior ranch hand to the most intellectually advanced luminary. A few of his numerous other talents were Army marksman who could shoot a can off a fencepost at 400 yards fisherman who could drop a dry fly within a few inches of an unsuspecting trout and, pilot who could fly the Kendrick Cattle Company little yellow Piper Cub airplane off of a short grass hayfield. However, it was at his treasured historic Wyoming cabin in the Bighorn Mountains where John was the happiest working with his hands as a master machinist, tinkerer, welder, electrician, carpenter, and, as his oldest son Hugh put it, &ldquohe could perform most of these trades better than most craftsmen who did it for a living.&rdquo His beloved wife of 44 years, Cynthia Rippey Kendrick, said he had "a love affair with tools and fixing things."

Above all, John was an amazing family man. Unless he overnighted at the ranches, he rose extra early to prepare a full ranch breakfast for his children every day except Saturday, when cereal was a treat, and Sundays when he made waffles or pancakes in imaginative shapes. His customary greeting for family and close friends alike was a bear hug, usually lifting anyone smaller off of the ground. He was an intuitive cook who rejoiced in perfecting cuisines from Hindi and Chinese to classic American meals made on the grill or in the smoker. He taught his kids and grandkids to think, to work hard, to be curious, to ask questions, to read with scrutiny, and to think before speaking. He loved classical music, opera, and his kitties, who often nestled in his lap as he digested yet another book. Even as his eyesight failed, he mastered the Kindle and read on and on.

There will be no more words, only an unfathomable silence, for this amazing chapter has closed. There will be no more toasts from the head of his table, no more captivating discussions, no more strong, long hugs, no more, &ldquoDad, can you help me fix this?&rdquo

In addition to his adored widow Cynthia, he is survived by children Hugh C. Kendrick and wife Emily of Atlanta John B. &ldquoJack&rdquo Kendrick III and wife Karen of Sheridan, Wyoming and Hurricane, Utah Helen &ldquoElena&rdquo K. Campbell of Nashville Diana C.K. Untermeyer and husband Chase of Houston Andrea R. Raschke and husband Keith of Lakewood, Colorado Bentley R. Kendrick of Littleton, Colorado and Francis W. Kendrick of Phoenix. Grandchildren Jake and wife Nikki Kendrick, Sam Kendrick and wife Hannah, Megan K. and husband Denny Gresham, Kendrick Marie and Hugh Campbell, Elly Untermeyer, and Annalise and Ty Kendrick. Great-grandchildren Timber and Mason Steir, Ben and Teddy Kendrick, Calvin and Malcolm Gresham, and first cousins Eula Hoff of Denver and Kendrick Harmon of Sheridan. He was predeceased by his brother, Hugh Smith Cumming Kendrick who died in 1952 at the age of 18 as a result of a sports injury while attending Phillips Exeter Academy.

A private memorial will be held this summer at his cabin in the Bighorn Mountains following a family service at Sheridan Municipal Cemetery where he will join his parents, brother, and Kendrick grandparents.

The family wishes to thank many much-loved helpers of several decades, and the nurses and doctors of the UC Health Anschutz Intensive Care Unit for their kind care.

The family also appreciates the many beautiful flowers that have already been received and wishes for any other memorial donations be made to: Trail End Historic Site in Sheridan, Wyoming Bradford Brinton Museum in Big Horn, Wyoming the Friends of Man in Denver, Colorado the Senator John B. Kendrick branch of the Future Farmers of America in Sheridan, Wyoming or a charity of your choice.


John B. Kendrick

John Benjamin Kendrick, född 6 september 1857 i Cherokee County, Texas, död 3 november 1933 i Sheridan, Wyoming, var en amerikansk demokratisk politiker. Han var guvernör i delstaten Wyoming 1915-1917 och representerade sedan Wyoming i USA:s senat från 4 mars 1917 fram till sin död.

Kendrick var en cowboy uppvuxen i Texas som 1879 flyttade till Wyomingterritoriet. Han gifte sig 1891 med Eula Wulfjen i Greeley, Colorado. Paret fick två barn: Rosa-Maye (1897-1979) och Manville (1900-1992). Han kandiderade 1913 till USA:s senat men förlorade mot sittande senatorn Francis E. Warren. Kendrick efterträdde 1915 Joseph M. Carey som guvernör i Wyoming. I senatsvalet 1916 besegrade han sittande senatorn Clarence D. Clark. Kendrick omvaldes 1922 och 1928. Han avled i ämbetet och efterträddes av Joseph C. O'Mahoney.

Kendrick var metodist och frimurare. Hans grav finns på Mount Hope Cemetery i Sheridan, Wyoming.


John B. Kendrick

John Benjamin Kendrick, född 6 september 1857 i Cherokee County, Texas, död 3 november 1933 i Sheridan, Wyoming, var en amerikansk demokratisk politiker. Han var guvernör i delstaten Wyoming 1915-1917 och representerade sedan Wyoming i USA:s senat från 4 mars 1917 fram till sin död.

Kendrick var en cowboy uppvuxen i Texas som 1879 flyttade till Wyomingterritoriet. Han gifte sig 1891 med Eula Wulfjen i Greeley, Colorado. Paret fick två barn: Rosa-Maye (1897-1979) och Manville (1900-1992). Han kandiderade 1913 till USA:s senat men förlorade mot sittande senatorn Francis E. Warren. Kendrick efterträdde 1915 Joseph M. Carey som guvernör i Wyoming. I senatsvalet 1916 besegrade han sittande senatorn Clarence D. Clark. Kendrick omvaldes 1922 och 1928. Han avled i ämbetet och efterträddes av Joseph C. O'Mahoney.

Kendrick var metodist och frimurare. Hans grav finns på Mount Hope Cemetery i Sheridan, Wyoming.


John B. Kendrick - History

John B. Kendrick
Biographical Information

Kendrick was born near Rusk, Texas, attended the public schools, and moved to Wyoming in 1879 and settled on a ranch near Sheridan, where he raised cattle and sheep.

He was a member of the State senate from 1910 to 1914 and was an unsuccessful candidate for election to the United States Senate in 1913. He then served as Governor of Wyoming from 1915 until he resigned in 1917, having been elected as a Democrat to the United States Senate in 1916. Kendrick was reelected to the Senate in 1922 and 1928 and served from March 4, 1917, until his death at Sheridan, Wyoming in 1933. He had served as chairman of the Committee on Canadian Relations (Sixty-fifth Congress) and member of the Committee on Public Lands and Surveys (Seventy-third Congress). He is interred in Mount Hope Cemetery.

Governors of Wyoming Warren • Barber • Osborne • W. Richards • D. Richards • Chatterton • Brooks • J. Carey • Kendrick • Houx • R. Carey • W. Ross • Lucas • N. Ross • Emerson • Clark • Miller • Smith • Hunt • Crane • Barrett • Rogers • Simpson • Hickey • Gage • Hansen • Hathaway • Herschler • Sullivan • Geringer • Freudenthal


Behind The Song: Beach Boys, “Sloop John B”

Originally a traditional folk song, originating in the Bahamas, “Sloop John B” has a vast musical lineage spanning decades and many iterations, both in name and musicality. Beach Boys recorded their signature power-pop version on the landmark 1966 album, Pet Sounds, winking at the song’s roots and their own exploration of the island motif.

“Sloop John B” was initially called “The John B. Sails” and appeared in British author Richard Le Gallienne’s 1917 novel “Pieces of Eight.” In chapter four of book one, Le Gallienne wrote the chorus as:

“So h’ist up the John B. sails,

Send for the captain — ­shore, let us go home

Let me go home, let me go home,

I feel so break-up, I vant to go home.”

A complete transcription of the song’s five stanzas was also featured in the December 1916 copy of Harper’s Bazaar.

Popular American poet and biographer Carl Sandburg included the song on his 1927 folk compilation, The American Songbag. “John T. McCuteheon, cartoonist and kindly philosopher, and his wife Evelyn Shaw McCuteheon, mother and poet, learned to sing this on their Treasure Island in the West Indies,” he detailed in his notes on the song. “They tell of it, ‘Time and usage have given this song almost the dignity of a national anthem around Nassau. The weathered ribs of the historic craft lie imbedded in the sand at Governor’s Harbor, whence an expedition, especially sent up for the purpose in 1920, extracted a knee of horseflesh and a ring-bolt. These relics arc now preserved and built into the Watch Tower, designed by Mr. Howard Shaw and built on our southern coast a couple of points east by north of the star Canopus.’”

In 1958, The Kingston Trio – often noted at the forefront of the ‘60s folk revival – recorded a version called “(The Wreck of the) John B” for their self-titled debut album. The ensuing years would result in numerous acts recording their own interpretations, including Johnny Cash (1969), Lonnie Donegan (1960) and Jimmie Rodgers (1960).

Cut to 1965. It was the height of summer, and the Beach Boys were in the middle of a recording session at Western Studio 3 in Hollywood’s United Western Records. As band member Al Jardine remembered in the album’s liner notes, he “had been studying the song… at home, and from my early experiences as a fan of the Kingston Trio, I thought that it would be a great song for us to do.”

Brian Wilson was sitting at the piano when Jardine began setting down the chord pattern. “I said, ‘Remember this song?’ I played it. He said, ‘I’m not a big fan of the Kingston Trio.’ He wasn’t into folk music. But I didn’t give up on the idea,” he note. Jardine played the chords again, but this time, he gave the tune a bit of a classic Beach Boys swing.

“I figured if I gave it to him in the right light, he might end up believing in it. So, I modified the chord changes so it would be a little more interesting,” he added. Jardine proceeded to reconfigure with some minor chord tweaks and extended the vocal line a bit.

Later that evening, Wilson took a pass on the song and further updated the folk song with a more commercial tone. “The idea stage to the completed track took less than 24 hours. He then lined as up one at a time to try out for the lead vocal. I had naturally assumed I would sing the lead, since I had brought in the arrangement,” said Jardine.

The vocals were recorded months later. “It was like interviewing for a job. Pretty funny. He didn’t like any of us. My vocal had a much more mellow approach because I was bringing it from the folk idiom. For the radio, we needed a more rock approach. Brian and Mike ended up singing it.”

“Sloop John B” served as the lead single to Pet Sounds and would peak at No. 3 on Billboard’s Hot 100 (chart dated May 7, 1966).

Definitive Version(s):


The Failures Before the Success

John B. Stetson, via Stetson

John B. Stetson was born in 1830 in Orange, New Jersey. The youngest of several brothers, the oldest of whom inherited control of the father’s hatmaking business, John still managed to learn the basics of the hatmaking trade. But John was sickly there was something wrong with his lungs and doctors didn’t give him much time to live.

So, John did what many young men of his era did, he went West, health be damned. At that point, in the 1850s, the Western frontier wasn’t all that far West, it was in St. Joseph, Missouri, the town I visited on my quest to find out more about the legendary hat brand. The drier Missouri air began to heal young John’s lungs, but his improved health was perhaps all he had to brag about. His job as a bricklayer wasn’t a great fit and a flood washed away the factory in which he worked. Unemployed, John struck out even further West, to try his hand as a prospector in Colorado.

Stetson’s westward trip cleared out his lungs but also emptied his wallet. When he came back to the East, he only had $100 to his name. But at least he had a new business idea.


Throughout The Series [ edit | edit source ]

Season 1 [ edit | edit source ]

John B introduces Sarah as the "Kook Princess" who is an elitist among the other Kooks. She dates Topper, a boy who John B highly disapproves of due to Topper looking down on Pogues. At the beach party, John B watches Sarah standing on the lifeguard post from afar with admiration on his face. He is even called out by Kiara Carrera who catches him staring at Sarah. After Spy Games , John B and Sarah realize they both like eachother and start dating. In the last episode, the sink a boat and almost die together.


Kendrick verließ die Schule nach der 7. Klasse. Er fing 1879 damit an, Viehherden von Texas nach Wyoming zu treiben. Dann kaufte und erweiterte seine eigene Herde in den folgenden zwei Jahrzehnten, wobei er sein Haus in Sheridan errichtete. Man wählte ihn 1909 zum Präsidenten der Wyoming Stock Growers. Im nachfolgenden Jahr wurde er Mitglied der State Legislature von Wyoming.

Kendrick gewann 1914 die Wahl zum Gouverneur von Wyoming und bekleidete das Amt vom 4. Januar 1915 bis zum 26. Februar 1917. Während seiner Amtszeit gründete er die Public Service Commission, die den Zustand bestimmter staatlicher Bewässerungs- und Abbaustandorte begutachten sollte. Zusammen mit der staatlichen Legislative protestierte er gegen die Rücknahme öffentlichen Landes, das mineralische Bodenschätze enthielt, sowie von Energiestandorten, die Wasserquellen kontrollierten, durch den US-Präsidenten Woodrow Wilson. Ferner unterstützte er Sozialreformen, was die Einrichtung von Witwenpensionen, den Kinderarbeitschutz und den Arbeitsausgleich einschloss. 1916 kandidierte er für den US-Senat und besiegte dabei den amtierenden Senator 1st Class Clark. Kurz darauf gab er sein Amt als Gouverneur auf, um den Sitz im US-Senat anzutreten.

In seiner Position erlangte er durch seine Anfangsuntersuchungen des Teapot-Dome-Skandals und der Einleitung der Gesetze, die zu Schaffung des Grand Teton Nationalparks führten, an Ansehen. Er bekleidete das Amt des US-Senators bis zu seinem Tod.

Er war mit Eula Wulfjen verheiratet, das Paar hatte zwei gemeinsame Kinder.

Er erhielt 1932 einen rechtswissenschaftlichen Abschluss ehrenhalber von der University of Wyoming.