Malcolm Perry

Malcolm Perry

The assassination took place as the presidential party drove from the airport into the city of Dallas. One witness said the shots were fired from the window of a building. People flung themselves to the ground as armed policemen and Secret Service agents rushed into the building. A rifle with telescopic sights was found there.

The President was wounded in the head and collapsed into the arms of his wife: She was heard to cry, "Oh, no", as she cradled his head in her lap and the car, spattered with blood, speeded to Parkland Hospital.

The President was still alive when he reached the hospital. He was taken into an emergency room where facilities were said to be adequate. Two Roman Catholic priests were called and the last rites were administered. Mr. Kennedy died at 2 p.m. Eastern Standard Time (7 p.m. G.M.T.), about 35 minutes after the shots were fired.

Vice-President Lyndon Johnson escaped because his car, following the presidential vehicle, was delayed by the large crowds.

Mrs. Connally said afterwards that she thought that President Kennedy was shot first. She said that the President was in the right rear seat of the open car and Mrs. Kennedy was at his left. Connally faced the President on a jump seat. She herself faced Mrs. Kennedy.

"They had just gone through the town. They were pleased at the reception they had received. They got ready to go through the underpass when a shot was heard. When the first shot was fired Governor Connally turned in his seat and almost instantly was hit."

An assistant to the Governor said: "She does not know about the third shot, but it may have been the one that hit the Governor's wrist. Jackie grabbed the President, and Mrs. Connally grabbed Connally, and they both ducked down in the car."

Two Secret Service men were in the front of the car and one of them instantly telephoned to a control centre and said, "Let's go straight to the nearest hospital."

President Kennedy was shot through the throat and head, possibly by the same bullet, according to Dr. Malcolm Perry, the surgeon who attended him. Dr. Perry said that a tracheotomy was performed to relieve the President's breathing and blood and fluid were administered intravenously. Chest tubes were inserted, and Dr. Perry tried chest cardiac massage, but to no avail....

Dr. Perry said later that Mr. Kennedy suffered a neck wound - a bullet hole in the lower part of the neck. There was a second wound in the President's head, but Dr. Perry was not certain whether it was inflicted by the same bullet.

He said the President lost consciousness as soon as he was hit and never recovered consciousness. "We never had any hope of saving his life," Dr. Perry said, though eight or 10 doctors attended him.

Dr. Perry said that soon after he reached the hospital, Mr. Kennedy's heart action failed and "there was no palpable pulse beat".

Mr. Kilduff announced the President's death, with choked voice and red-rimmed eyes, at about 1:36 p.m.

"President John F. Kennedy died at approximately 1 o'clock Central standard time today here in Dallas," Mr. Kilduff said at the hospital. "He died of a gunshot wound in the brain. I have no other details regarding the assassination of the President."

Mr. Kilduff also announced that Governor Connally had been hit by a bullet or bullets and that Mr. Johnson, who had not yet been sworn in, was safe in the protective custody of the Secret Service at an unannounced place, presumably the airplane at Love Field.

Mr. Kilduff indicated that the President had been shot once. Later medical reports raised the possibility that there had been two wounds. But the death was caused, as far as could be learned, by a massive wound in the brain.

Later in the afternoon, Dr. Malcolm Perry, an attending surgeon, and Dr. Kemp Clark, chief of neurosurgery at Parkland Hospital, gave more details.

Mr. Kennedy was hit by a bullet in the throat, just below the Adam's apple, they said. This wound had the appearance of a bullet's entry.

Mr. Kennedy also had a massive, gaping wound in the back and one on the right side of the head. However, the doctors said it was impossible to determine immediately whether the wounds had been caused by one bullet or two.

About four o'clock Saturday morning, Doctor James Humes felt relieved as the hearse bearing John Kennedy's embalmed body and reconstructed head departed from Bethesda Naval Hospital. It had been a grueling night for Commander Humes, made all the more demanding on his professional skills by the prestigious nature of his autopsy victim and by all the high-ranking military and naval brass present to witness and supervise his work. Now that it was all over, Humes could relax. He had just one minor detail to complete before he could go home. He telephoned Dr. Malcolm Perry in Dallas, since Dr. Perry had been the surgeon in charge of President Kennedy's emergency treatment at Parkland Hospital.

Dr. Perry's revelation that the president had a bullet hole in his throat must have astounded Dr. Humes. At the autopsy, the three pathologists observed only the large tracheotomy incision in the neck. The reason was simple. Perry had sliced right through the bullet hole as he made the tracheotomy. Thus, no bullet hole was visible by the time the autopsy began. But now, James Humes faced a serious dilemma. He and his colleagues had failed to include one of Kennedy's wounds in their autopsy findings. Perry's description of the wound as very small and round sounded like the description of an entrance wound. But with no exit wounds anywhere in the body and no bullets found still in the body, Humes was puzzled. It appeared that both the bullet that entered the president's back and the one that entered his throat had not exited, yet had somehow disappeared.

After thinking about this, Dr. Humes telephoned Dr. Perry again to obtain a more precise description of the throat wound. During their conversation, Humes had a sudden inspiration and shouted, "so that's it!" He went home, attended a school function with his son, and slept for several hours. Then he took his original autopsy notes, stained with John Kennedy's blood, and burned them in his fireplace. Then he drew up a new autopsy protocol based on the new information he had gleaned from Dr. Perry The new report stated that a bullet had entered Kennedy's neck and exited from his throat. Even though there was only slight medical evidence to confirm this, Dr. Humes concluded that it provided the only reasonable explanation for the wounds in Kennedy's body.

Malcolm Perry: I noted a wound when I came into the room, which was of the right posterior portion of the head. Of course, I did not examine it. Again, there was no time for cursory examination. And if a patent airway cannot be secured, and the bleeding cannot be controlled - it really made very little difference. Some things must take precedence and priority, and in this instance the airway and the bleeding must be controlled initially.

Eddie Barker: What about this wound that you observed in the - in the front of the President's neck? Would you tell me about that?

Malcolm Perry: Yes, of course. It was a very cursory examination. The emergency proceedings at hand necessitated immediate action. There was not time to do more than an extremely light examination.

Eddie Barker: There's been a lot said and written about was this an exit wound or an entry wound? Would you discuss that with me, sir?

Malcolm Perry: Well, this is a difficult problem. The determination of entrance or exit frequently requires the ascertation of trajectory. And, of course, this I did not do. None of us did at the time. There was no time for such things.

The differentiation between an entrance and exit wound is often made on a disparity in sizes, the exit wound generally being larger, in the case of an expanding bullet. If, however, the bullet does not expand - if it is a full jacketed bullet, for example, such as used commonly in the military, the caliber of the bullet on entrance and exit will frequently be the same. And without deformation of the bullet, and without tumbling, the wounds would be very similar - and in many instances, even a trained observer could not distinguish between the two.

Eddie Barker: Did it occur to you at the time, or did you think, was this an entry wound, or was this an exit wound?

Malcolm Perry: Actually, I didn't really give it much thought. And I realize that perhaps it would have been better had I done so. But I actually applied my energies, and those of us there all did, to the problem at hand, and I didn't really concern myself too much with how it happened, or why. And for that reason, of course, I didn't think about cutting through the wound-which, of course rendered it invalid as regards further examination and inspection. But it didn't even occur to me. I did what was expedient and what was necessary, and I didn't think much about it.

Arlen Specter: Upon your arrival in the room, where President Kennedy was situated, what did you observe as to his condition?

Malcolm Perry: At the time I entered the door, Dr. Carrico was attending him. He was attaching the Bennett apparatus to an endotracheal tube in place to assist his respiration. The President was lying supine on the carriage, underneath the overhead lamp. His shirt, coat, had been removed. There was a sheet over his lower extremities and the lower portion of his trunk. He was unresponsive. There was no evidence of voluntary motion. His eyes were open, deviated up and outward, and the pupils were dilated and fixed. I did not detect a heart beat and was told there was no blood pressure obtainable. He was, however, having ineffective spasmodic respiratory efforts. There was blood on the carriage.

Allen Dulles: What does that mean to the amateur, to the unprofessional?

Malcolm Perry: Short, rather jerky contractions of his chest and diaphragm, pulling for air.

Allen Dulles: I see.

Arlen Specter: Were those respiratory efforts on his part alone or was he being aided in his breathing at that tame?

Malcolm Perry: He had just attached the machine and at this point it was not turned on. He was attempting to breathe.

Arlen Specter: So that those efforts were being made at that juncture at least without mechanical aid?

Malcolm Perry: Those were spontaneous efforts on the part of the President.

Arlen Specter: Will you continue, then, Dr. Perry, as to what you observed of his condition?

Malcolm Perry: Yes, there was blood noted on the carriage and a large avulsive wound on the right posterior cranium.

I cannot state the size, I did not examine it at all. I just noted the presence of lacerated brain tissue. In the lower part of the neck below the Adams apple was a small, roughly circular wound of perhaps 5 mm. in diameter from which blood was exuding slowly. I did not see any other wounds. I examined the chest briefly, and from the anterior portion did not see any thing. I pushed up the brace on the left side very briefly to feel for his femoral pulse, but did not obtain any. I did no further examination because it was obvious that if any treatment were to be carried out with any success a secure effective airway must be obtained immediately. I asked Dr. Carrico if the wound on the neck was actually a wound or had he begun a tracheotomy and he replied in the negative, that it was a wound, and at that point... I asked someone to secure a tracheotomy tray but there was one already there. Apparently Dr. Carrico had already asked them to set up the tray...

Arlen Specter: Why did you elect to make the tracheotomy incision through the wound in the neck, Dr. Perry?

Malcolm Perry: The area of the wound, as pointed out to you in the lower third of the neck anteriorly is customarily the spot one would electively perform the tracheotomy. This is one of the safest and easiest spots to reach the trachea. In addition the presence of the wound indicated to me there was possibly an underlaying wound to the neck muscles in the neck, the carotid artery or the jugular vein. If you are going to control these it is necessary that the incision be as low, that is toward the heart or lungs as the wound if you are going to obtain adequate control. Therefore, for expediency's sake I went directly to that level to obtain control of the airway.

Malcolm Perry listens to the wind coming through the trees with a low roar, or a whistle, or suddenly, a shriek that sometimes is familiar with him.

The shrieks of Parkland Memorial Hospital have run through all the hallways and rooms and arenas of all the years, softening now, diminishing, but burrowing into the wind and reaching the unwilling consciousness of Dr. Malcolm Perry. He was working on John F. Kennedy's heart when he died in Parkland Hospital on the fall day in 1963.

"It was a bad weekend," he remembers. Kennedy was on Friday. On Sunday, he operated on Lee Harvey Oswald. "A bad weekend and a bad aftermath."

The trouble at the end came when he walked into a large, writhing news conference, something in which he never had been involved. And for good reason, this was the only one like it since Lincoln.

He observed that a throat hole looked like an entrance wound. He had qualified the observation in the next sentence but virtually nobody paid attention. They took that throat wound and carried it over the years into proof of a conspiracy. Somebody shot Kennedy from the front, in the throat. Somebody else shot him in the back of the head. So many wanted to believe the worst.

Malcolm Perry then slipped away from questioning and walked into his own world of surgery and silence. He never spoke to news reporters. He mentioned his experience to practically nobody. He wanted to be known as a fine doctor.

In his long career, Dr. Perry was chief of vascular surgery or professor of surgery, or both, at the University of Washington in Seattle; Cornell Medical College in New York City; Vanderbilt University School of Medicine in Nashville, and the Texas Tech Health Sciences Center in Lubbock, as well as the University of Texas Southwestern Medical School in Dallas.

But he was arguably most famous for the emergency procedure he performed on the dying 35th president of the United States at Parkland Memorial Hospital, and for a few words Dr. Perry uttered soon afterward.

Arriving in the operating room just moments after President Kennedy was brought in, Dr. Perry determined at once that an effective airway was vital if the president were to have even a remote chance of survival. Perry used the bullet hole in Kennedy’s neck to perform the procedure, concluding, as the Warren Commission noted, that “it was one of the safest and easiest spots from which to reach the trachea.”

But in doing so the doctor changed the appearance of the wound, thereby making it far less valuable as evidence. Even more fatefully, when he was asked by commission investigators if he thought the bullet hole was an entrance or an exit wound, he replied, “It could have been either.”

Later, when the autopsy findings were complete and the characteristics of the rifle used by Lee Harvey Oswald were known in detail, Dr. Perry told commission investigators, “I believe that it was an exit wound.”

The Warren Commission concluded that Oswald, who had had rifle training in the Marine Corps, fired three shots at the presidential motorcade. One shot missed, the commission said, and another struck the president in the upper back, exiting through his neck and then wounding Gov. John B. Connally of Texas, who was sitting in front of the president.

A third bullet struck the president in the head, inflicting the lethal wound, the commission found.

Dr. McClelland said on Monday that from 1963 onward, whenever the subject of the assassination came up, Dr. Perry “just refused to talk about it with anybody,” perhaps because he regretted contributing, however inadvertently, to the various conspiracy theories that have sprung up despite the Warren Commission’s conclusion that Oswald acted alone.

An obituary on Tuesday about Dr. Malcolm O. Perry 2nd, who performed a tracheotomy on President John F. Kennedy after the president was shot, referred incorrectly to his remark that based on appearance alone, a hole in the president’s neck could have been either an entrance or an exit wound. The remark was made to the Warren Commission, which investigated the assassination; it was not made to reporters. Perry also told the commission that based on autopsy findings and other factors, he later concluded that the hole was an exit wound.

Former Kenwood QB Malcolm Perry of Navy drafted by Miami Dolphins in seventh round

Navy quarterback and former Kenwood High standout Malcolm Perry was drafted by the Miami Dolphins with the 246th pick in the seventh round of the NFL Draft on Saturday.

He is the first Navy football player to be drafted since 2016 and the first who projects as a wide receiver in team history.

Playing quarterback last season, Perry threw for 1,084 yards and seven touchdowns and rushed for 2,017 yards and 21 touchdowns. His profile says that he projects as a wide receiver as a pro.

He led Navy to an 11-2 season capped off by a 20-17 win over Kansas State in the Liberty Bowl.

Both of Perry's parents were in the Army, and he was born while they were stationed in Fort Campbell, Kentucky. They moved to Clarksville after retiring from the military, where Perry made his name at Kenwood. He was recruited by all three service academies and Austin Peay before eventually choosing to attend Navy.

Navy Football Player Profile: Malcolm Perry, QB

When Malcolm Perry graduated from Clarksville, TN’s Kenwood High School in 2015, he did so with some impressive hardware on his shelf:

  • Two-time All-State (TN) Selection
  • District 10 MVP
  • Legends Bank / Leaf Chronicle All Area Player of the Year
  • Montgomery County MVP, twice

Perry received offers from several schools, including Army and Air Force. But the son of parents with 40 years in the Army between them, surprised the world.

Midshipmen fans are now ecstatic that he did.

Freshman Year (2016)

After attending the Naval Academy Prep School in 2015-16, Perry made his collegiate debut in Navy’s 2016 opener against Fordham.

It was a memorable beginning.

Malcolm Perry began it in the stands.

Having played a JV game the day before, the freshman quarterback and slot back was not dressed for the season opener. He sat in the crowd and watched as Navy’s Tago Smith tore his ACL in the second quarter. Hauled out of the stands and suited up, Perry entered the game in the third quarter. Seven carries for 30 yards and a 90-yard drive for a field goal later, Malcolm Perry had shown the promise to both surprise and excite.

While Perry appeared twice more for Navy in his freshman year, he wouldn’t get his first start until 2017.

Sophomore Year (2017)

His first start came against SMU. Perry’s performance was stellar and earned the sophomore the FBS Walter Camp National Offensive Player of the Week and the AAC Offensive Player of the Week awards.

From there, Malcolm Perry’s second year only got better. He started 12 games in 2017, nine at slot back and three at QB. By the end of the season, Perry had put together a fantastic stat sheet. Here are a few of those numbers:

  • With 1,182 yards and 11 touchdowns on 138 carries, Perry finished as Navy’s second-leading rusher
  • With 13 catches for 303 yards and scoring two touchdowns, Perry was also Navy’s second-leading receiver.
  • Perry’s average of 8.6 yards per carry was a Navy record and ranked third nationally.
  • Perry’s average of 150.2 all-purpose yards per game was the sixth-best in the country.
  • He was Navy’s top kick returner, bringing back 13 kickoffs for 318 yards.
  • His two 90-plus yard TD’s joined only three other such runs in Navy history.
  • Perry rushed for more than 250 yards twice the only QB in the nation who did.
  • He was also the only player in the FBS in 2017 with two runs of 70-plus yards and one reception for 70-plus yards.
  • Perry rushed for 100-plus yards as both a running back and a QB in the same season one of only two players in FBS history to do so (joining Michigan’s Denard Robinson).

Junior Year (2018)

Despite having to spend six weeks in a cast this offseason for a right foot injury suffered in the Military Bowl, Malcolm Perry impressed his coaches this spring and was named the starting QB for Navy in 2018.

The nation is taking notice.

In July, Perry was named as one of 50 players on the 2018 Walter Camp Football Foundation Player of the Year Watch. He is one of only four players from the AAC on the list.

Perry was also named as one of 43 players on the 2018 Paul Hornung Award Watch List. This honor is given to the most versatile player in major college football. The last six winners of the award have been NFL first round draft picks.

Having worked at slot back for most of the 2017 season (starting two of the last three games at QB), 2018 promises to be quite an exciting change for Malcolm Perry. Coaches laud him as an intelligent student of the game, one possessing brilliant speed and dynamic ball-handling skills.

The Malcolm Perry era has begun at Navy, and Midshipmen fans couldn’t be happier.

Dolphins Draft Pick Deep Dive: RB Malcolm Perry

The complete lowdown on Dolphins draft pick Malcolm Perry, from his projection before the draft, to what analysts said after the fact and how he fits, and more.

Perry was selected with the 246th overall selection in the seventh round, a pick the Dolphins obtained from the Kansas City Chiefs in a 2018 trade for defensive back Jordan Lucas.

Perry spent four years at Navy, and started the last three seasons.

He started games at slot back and quarterback in 2017 and 2018 before switching over to quarterback full time in 2019.

Perry finished second in the FBS ranks in rushing yards in 2019 with 2,017 and third in rushing touchdowns with 21

He rushed for more than 1,000 yards each of the past three seasons

Perry completed 48 of 86 passes for 1,084 yards with seven touchdowns and three interceptions in 2019

Perry’s official measurements were 5-9, 186 pounds, arms 29 5/8 long and 8 1/2-inch hands.

These were his results in the drills:

Mel Kiper Jr., ESPN: 41 (among WR)

Dane Brugler, The Athletic: 34th (RB)

"Perry was an option QB in college but has RB-like vision, cutting skills, and good speed. Not much contact balance but reads blocks well." — Chris Trapasso,

"Perry will be making the transition from option QB to returner, but he was one of the more electric college players with the ball in his hands over the last few years. He has a good chance to flash enough in camp to earn a roster spot." — Mark Dulgerian,

Perry played slot back and quarterback at Navy and he was listed as a running back after being drafted, but he worked at the 2020 combine at wide receiver, so it remains to be seen how the Dolphins plan on using him.

Perry worked in practice on kick returns and he would seem to be a natural for that role. The Dolphins also could use him at quarterback on occasion to throw a different wrinkle at opposing defenses.

Perry will have to make the team, of course, but he presents a lot of options on offense.

Keep in mind that 12 of the 15 seventh-round picks the Dolphins made in the 2010s made the 53-man roster.

In a best-case scenario, Perry becomes for the Dolphins another Julian Edelman, who was a quarterback at Kent State before becoming a valuable member of the Patriots offense as a wide receiver.

Perry was born in Fort Campbell, Kentucky, where both of his parents were serving in the United States Army .

Perry was lightly recruited out of high school but had offers from the three service academies, and he explained how his decision to attend Navy played with his parents.

“It went pretty smooth," Perry said. "Not much problems there. Both of my parents and my family were pretty supportive. The only person that stills has a problem with that is probably my father. He tends to root for Army a little more than I𠆝 like in some cases. (laughter)”

Perry will be allowed to play in the NFL right away as the result of a government order from 2019 allowing athletes from the academies to defer their service to play professional sports upon receiving approval.

“I𠆝 say when I first starting thinking the NFL was a possibility was somewhere in my senior season, midseason," Perry said. "I kind of felt like I had the ability to do it, was having a good year and might get the shot, but if the NFL doesn’t work out, I’ll be a Marine Corps officer. I service the Marine Corps Ground. If the NFL wasn’t in the mix, I would be going to TBS (The Basic School) for six months and then getting my MOS (Military Occupational Specialty) and getting my specific job in the Marine Corps, and I𠆝 be an officer in the Marine Corps. After the NFL career, whatever it is, I still owe two years of active duty of service, so that’s still something that I have to do.”

Perry majored in quantitative economics.

Perry became the first player from one of the three service academies to be drafted by the Dolphins.

He became the first Navy player to attend the scouting combine since 2015 when long-snapper Joe Cordova did it.

“It means a lot. It means the world. As a kid growing up, this is a dream come true for sure, so just choosing that route and then everything unfolding in a very fortunate sequence for me with the rule being changed. It means a lot because I know a lot of guys that I played with in the past who didn’t get the opportunity, but definitely had the talent. It means a lot to be in this position and I’m very fortunate.” — Malcolm Perry on getting drafted and the new rule allowing servicemen to defer their service until after their NFL career is over.

How Dr. Malcolm Perry’s Famous Small Incision Created False History and Countless JFK Assassination Conspiracy Theories

Little did he know that by simply doing his job, Dr. Malcolm Perry would create a cottage industry of JFK assassination conspiracy theories.

Dr. Perry was an unassuming man before his efforts to save the life of a dying President thrust him uncomfortably into the glaring lights of history and controversy.

The Parkland Memorial Hospital physician was the first doctor to attend to President Kennedy in Trauma Room One within minutes of the shots being fired in Dallas.

Despite a massive head wound and the enormity of his patient being the President of the United States, the unflappable Dr. Perry did what he was trained to do.

Noting that his famous victim was in respiratory distress, Dr. Perry performed an emergency tracheotomy – a small incision in the indent of the throat just below the Adam’s apple so that a tube could be inserted into the airway to assist breathing.

On any other day and on any other patient, a tracheotomy is a routine procedure, but this emergency incision on President Kennedy’s throat would cause epic controversy and cause Dr. Perry to go stealth for the rest of his life, declining thousands of requests for interviews by every kind of media from all over the world.

Apart from his obligatory Parkland Hospital press conferences and his appearance before the Warren Commission, both of whom he would later claim misrepresented his testimony in a personal letter to this researcher, Dr. Perry sought to distance himself from the fate that made him an unwanted part of history.

He was hounded relentlessly by the world press, helping his decision to leave his home State of Texas for more than a decade. In 1978, he was compelled to testify before the House Select Committee on Assassinations, the second U.S. government investigation of the events that changed history 15 years earlier.

After that, Dr. Perry resumed his efforts to avoid the limelight. For reasons that will become evident here, he was torn by the government’s attempts to have him affirm that Lee Harvey Oswald fired all the shots from above and behind while the media chased him mostly to confirm the possibility of conspiracy.

And so, imagine my surprise when Dr. Malcolm Perry took the time to respond to a letter I wrote to him as a 16-year-old student and researcher.

Over the next four years, we would exchange three handwritten letters that would make clear his frustration over both the government and the media’s tug-of-war about his crucial observations that day.

Perhaps it was because I was a young inquisitive student from Canada that caused him to let his guard down and offer some commentary. I never did find out why he chose me to reflect on his stunning rendezvous with history.

Dr. Perry’s first letter to me is presented
near the end of this article.


Like history itself, Dr. Malcolm Perry became a victim of incompetence not of his own doing.

The calamity of events started at 1 p.m. CST when President Kennedy was officially declared dead.

Under Texas state law, the body of the deceased victim should have been turned over to the Dallas County Medical Examiner’s Office for a post-mortem procedure.

However, this was no ordinary victim.

Instead, yet to be sworn in President Lyndon Johnson ordered the Secret Service to forcibly confiscate the President’s body and bring it to Air Force One awaiting takeoff at Love Field airport.

Apparently, Mrs. Kennedy would not attend the swearing in of the new President or head back to Washington until her husband’s body was brought to the jetliner to be at her side.

A second mistake occurred the moment Air Force One touched down in Washington. The body should have been turned over to either the District of Columbia or Maryland Medical Examiner’s Office for autopsy.

For reasons that remain unexplained to this day, instead of civilian ‘forensic’ pathologists being summoned to conduct the post-mortem on the nation’s 35th President, the body was turned over to the military and taken to the Bethesda Naval Hospital in nearby Maryland.


It is history’s profound loss that the military assigned three pathologists to conduct the autopsy on the President of the United States who were completely unqualified to undertake such a complex procedure.

Neither lead pathologist Commander James J. Humes, nor assistants Colonel Pierre Finck or Commander J. Thornton Boswell had ever before conducted an autopsy involving death by gunshots!

All three were stellar general hospital pathologists, typically called upon to perform a post mortem on expired victims by means of disease or natural causes.

None of these surgeons had ever done an autopsy whereby death was the result of a violent act!

It didn’t take long for this lack of expertise and experience to cause major problems, as Dr. Malcolm Perry was about to find out first hand.


Normally, as part of a properly executed forensic pathology examination, the assigned surgeons would complete a checklist of pre-autopsy preparations, such as requesting x-rays and photographs of the body for review while the examination is underway, as well as a report of any evidence gathered from the time of the crime to the body’s arrival for autopsy.

Knowing that President Kennedy was treated at Parkland Memorial Hospital, a routine procedure before autopsy would be for a ‘forensic’ surgeon to call the doctors at Parkland to get their observations on the record.

Tragically, such a phone call did not happen until the next day…AFTER the autopsy had been completed.

This blunder would lead to one of the ultimate sins of the science of pathology – a post-mortem examination on the nation’s President would be completed without the surgeons having accounted for all the wounds on the victim’s body!


By failing to call the Parkland doctors before the autopsy began, Dr. Humes and his team conducted a post mortem and completed their autopsy report without knowing that a wound existed in the front of the President’s neck!

When the body got to the Bethesda Naval Hospital, Dr. Humes correctly observed that a tracheotomy had been done on the victim as shown in this official autopsy photo.

It was the next day, when Dr. Humes connected with Dr. Perry, that the lead autopsy surgeon learned that the tracheal incision obliterated a small wound appearing on the President.

What the autopsy surgical team did not know was that a small, circular puncture wound on the President’s throat was used as the point of incision by Dr. Perry for his tracheal operation.

Remarkably, when Dr. Humes finally learned of this stunning revelation, it threw his official autopsy findings into chaos because not all the wounds sustained by President Kennedy had been accounted for in the finished post-mortem report.

Upon receipt of this stunning revelation, knowing that he could not recall the body and re-examine it, what did Dr. Humes do?

Dr. Humes burned his original autopsy findings in his home fireplace and constructed a new ‘official’ version of the autopsy report on the President!

This is unthinkable, especially knowing that autopsy reports are often a critical submission in a court of law to definitively establish not only the cause of death for a victim of violence, but irrefutable evidence that helps to either convict or exonerate the accused.

Fortunately for Dr. Humes, the murder of the charged assassin Lee Harvey Oswald by Jack Ruby meant that his gaffe would not be questioned or cross examined in a court of law.

And sadly for history, Dr. Humes was not taken to task by the Warren Commission for his dumbfounding change of findings. Why?


If accepted as fact, the original autopsy report would have compelled the Warren Commission to conclude that at least two gunmen had fired on the Presidential motorcade that tragic day.

However, the revised autopsy report enabled the Warren Commission to report to the world that Lee Harvey Oswald was the lone assassin in Dealey Plaza. So, what happened?

In the first post-mortem report, as shown in this autopsy chart prepared by Commander Boswell, a shot struck President Kennedy in the upper back, measured to be 5 ¾ inches below the collar line and one inch to the right of the spinal column.

The FBI was present to record the autopsy findings and retrieve any physical evidence, such as bullets or fragments. It’s report not only affirms the Dr. Humes report about the location of the back wound, it goes on to state the following:

“Dr. Humes probed this wound with the finger, at which time
it was determined that the distance travelled by the missile
entering at this point was a short distance inasmuch as the
end of the opening could be felt with the finger (about the
second knuckle).”

During the examination, word reached the autopsy room that a nearly whole bullet has been found at Parkland Hospital. The FBI report goes on to state:

“Upon receipt of this information (about the bullet),
Dr. Humes stated that the pattern was clear – the
bullet that entered in the back had worked its way
back out of the body during external cardiac
massage at Parkland Hospital.”

It is critical to note that the first autopsy report, as verified by the FBI autopsy report signed off by two agents, concluded that the bullet that caused the non-fatal wound in JFK’s back did not transit his body!

Had this finding stood as fact, it would have established that two gunmen fired shots at the limousine because the Zapruder film shows Governor John Connally, seated in front of the President in the car, reacting to his non-lethal wounds no more than one second after JFK is seen reacting to being hit in the back.

In other words, after the President is hit in the back, Connally is then hit prior to the 2.3 seconds it takes to re-cock, aim and fire the Oswald rifle. Since the Governor reacts to being hit only one full second after JFK, he is obviously hit by a second bullet unrelated to the shot that struck Mr. Kennedy.

The phone call between Dr. Humes and Dr. Perry the next day would change history.


Dr. Perry caused pandemonium when he informed Dr. Humes that a small, neat circular wound, (about the diameter of a pencil) existed on the President’s throat, just below the Adam’s apple.

Unfortunately, because of its position in the neck, Dr. Perry used this wound as his point of incision for the tracheotomy procedure, thereby removing any evidence of it’s existence.

One can only imagine how shocking this news was to Dr. Humes, who must have realized that he just conducted a post-mortem on the President of the United States that did not account for all the wounds on the body!

He burned his original set of autopsy notes in his home fireplace and constructed a second autopsy report that would be submitted as the post-mortem of record.

In doing so, Dr. Humes made a history-altering change by saying that the bullet that struck President Kennedy did transit his body after all.

Although autopsy surgeons tend to not make assumptions when filing a final post-mortem report, that’s exactly what Dr. Humes did.

Despite probing the back wound on President Kennedy and ascertaining that it only penetrated a short distance, Dr. Humes, on nothing more than speculation based on Dr. Perry’s phone call, now concluded that the bullet found at the hospital did not fall out of the shallow wound due to external cardiac massage.


Dr. Humes revised his report to suggest that CE399, in fact, transited the President’s body and exited at his throat.

The Warren Commission couldn’t be happier.

Based on this flimsy change of finding, the Commission could now say that CE399 exited the President’s throat and went on to strike Governor Connally, causing all the non-fatal wounds sustained by the two men.

And believe it or not, this sudden change in the President’s autopsy report resulted in Commission council Arlen Spector creating the ‘Single Bullet’ Theory which asks us to believe that CE399:

• Struck President Kennedy in the upper back.
• Transited his body and exited at his throat, just below the Adam’s apple.
• Struck Governor Connally in the right side of his back.
• Broke off the Governor’s fifth right rib.
• Exited the Governor’s chest just below the right nipple.
• Struck the Governor’s right wrist, shattering the distal radius bone.
• Exited the Governor’s wrist.
• Entered the Governor’s left thigh and penetrated only a short distance.

Additionally, without any evidence to support it, the Commission decided that CE399, having done all this damage described above, then fell out of the Governor’s thigh wound and was found at Parkland Hospital.

Further, the Commission concluded that CE399 did all this damage and lost only 2.4 grains of metal in the process.

This critical change from two men hit by separate shots from two assassins to both men hit by one shot fired by lone assassin Lee Harvey Oswald all came about because Dr. Perry reported that he destroyed a wound in the President’s throat.

Even more stunning, the Commission offered virtually no evidence in support of its ‘Single Bullet’ conclusion.

In fact, the Commission ignored or suppressed all evidence that suggested the two men were hit by separate shots, such as:

1. Governor’s Testimony – Until his death, Connally maintained that he was hit by the second shot fired, not the first.

2. Zapruder Film – The Zapruder film shows Connally not reacting to his wounds for a full second after JFK is seen reacting to his back wound.

3. Witnesses – More than 40 eyewitnesses and ear witnesses s aid they believed a shot came from JFK’s right front. Only five witnesses got to appear before the Warren Commission. All were dismissed as mistaken due to the “trauma of the moment.”

4. CE573 – The FBI test fired identical bullets from Oswald’s rifle into the wrist of a cadaver. Although the test produced identical damage to that sustained by the Governor’s wrist, CE573 emerged completely squashed with massive loss of metallic substance whereas CE399 lost only 2.4 grains of metal. And CE399 is said to have also caused six other wounds in two men, plus one more broken bone in Connally.

5. No ‘Matching’ Ballistic Test – Bullet fragments were removed from Connally’s wrist and chest, but these fragments were never tested to see if they came from CE399.

Why did the Commission pass on a test that could have affirmed that CE399 passed through Connally and therefore could have caused all the damage ascribed to it?


A sixth piece of disregarded evidence is an FBI ballistic test conducted to establish a highly relevant necessity for the ‘Single Bullet’ theory to be true.

Even if we concede that CE399 did transit the President’s body, then it must be true that the hole in the throat seen only by Dr. Perry was an ‘exit’ wound so that it could continue on to find Connally and cause all his wounds.

In the Dr. Perry letter below, he makes it clear that he could not state that the neck wound was either entry or exit, but when the Commission kept asserting that all the shots came from behind the President, he inferred that the wound could have been a wound of exit.

That was good enough for the Warren Commission to present the ‘Single Bullet’ theory as fact.

In doing so, the Commission disregarded Dr. Perry’s description of the wound as a small circular puncture wound, about the diameter of a pencil, which wound suggest a bullet entry wound.

The Commission also ignored a key test that established that it was most likely an EXIT wound.

The Commission directed the FBI to do a ballistic test to affirm that the throat wound on the President was, in fact, a bullet exit wound.

This test started with the premise that the wound on JFK’s back was measured to be 4 x 7 mm in diameter.

While no measurements of the throat wound were taken before Dr. Perry performed his tracheotomy, he would later describe the wound as “small and circular, about the diameter of a pencil.”

The FBI test fired identical copper-jacketed bullets from Oswald’s rifle into goat flesh to simulate human flesh.

Commission Exhibit 850 demonstrates that bullet ‘exit’ wounds were consistently TWICE the size of bullet ‘entry’ wounds!

Despite this test, the Warren Commission concluded that the hole at the President’s throat is the one instance whereby the ‘exit’ wound was SMALLER than the ‘entry’ wound.

Rather than accept the accumulative evidence that President Kennedy and Governor Connally were hit by separate shots fired almost simultaneously, the Commission relied on a last-second change to the autopsy report, backed by zero evidence, to fabricate its ‘Single Bullet’ Theory.

In deciding that Oswald was the ‘lone’ assassin of John F. Kennedy, the Commission not only had to ignore witnesses, medical findings and ballistic tests, it misrepresented the observations of Dr. Perry.

In the letter to this researcher below, Dr. Perry claims that his observations of the President’s neck wound were “reported out of context as my opinion.”

As Dr. Perry notes, the Warren Commission also erroneously attributed observations of the neck wound by Dr. Robert McClelland, whom Dr. Perry asserts did not even see the neck wound “as I had incised it prior to his arrival.”

Dr. Malcolm Perry died a conflicted man, not because he couldn’t save the life of President John F. Kennedy, but because of his unwitting role in the government’s cover-up that has managed to outlive him.

All three Dr. Perry letters are reprinted in the book – Through The ‘Oswald’ Window.

The Dr. Perry letters have been donated to the Sixth Floor Museum

at Dealey Plaza and can be read onsite in the museum library.


It took Malcolm Perry three years playing QB at Navy to decide he wanted the job

Navy offensive coordinator Ivin Jasper doesn’t usually linger to chat after Army-Navy games, especially after losses. But last year as he left the team hotel in Philadelphia after the Midshipmen’s 17-10 loss to the Black Knights, Jasper spotted the player who had been on his mind and called out his name.

“Hey, man, next year …” Jasper started.

“I'm already there,” Malcolm Perry said.

It was then, after the Mids’ third consecutive loss to their most bitter rival, at the end of a 3-10 season, that the junior known as one of the quietest and most laid-back players on the team became its quarterback.

Perry had played the position, of course, having spent his career in Annapolis toggling between it and slotback. But that night, Perry wasn’t talking about playing quarterback as he had done it before, more like a video game character than anything — put the ball in the fast player’s hands, press B to run.

He didn’t just want to play quarterback, Perry told Jasper. He wanted to lead the team.

“From that point forward, I started the whole transition into the mind-set of being back in at quarterback. It was a fully I’m-on-board type of thing,” Perry said recently. “I was just thinking — I felt like if I gave time and effort towards that, I could help the team not have to deal with that Army thing anymore.”

Thus far, Perry’s full embrace of the position and all its responsibilities has sparked a remarkable turnaround. Navy has gone from its worst season since 2002 to a 7-1 record and the No. 23 spot in the College Football Playoff rankings. Perry ranks fifth among all major college football players with 130.3 rushing yards per game his 16 rushing touchdowns are fourth in the country. Saturday’s game at No. 16 Notre Dame — the 93rd straight meeting in the storied rivalry — is the first time since 1978 both teams are ranked in the Associated Press poll (Notre Dame is 16th, Navy 21st).

Perry County, Mississippi Genealogy and History

This is a list of books that Richard Roman has written on Perry County and the dates published.
Contact Richard by email
"McDonalds of Perry County 1820-1990" lists over 1500 descendents of the first four McDonalds

"Post Offices of Perry County 1821 to 1994" lists the 74 post offices,

"Civil War Soldiers of Perry County(includes Forrest County")lists over 600 soldiers from Perry,with a second edition in 2003,

"McDonalds of Perry and Greene Counties 1820-1994

"Educable Children of Perry County 1850-1900",contains all surviving school lists of Perry

"Perry County Cavalry"contains the two cavalry units raised in Perry County during the Civil War

"Early Churches of Perry County 1820-1920"

"Beaumont School 1897-1983" which lists all graduates of Beaumont High School 1938-70,

"When They Came, Arrival of Early Pioneers of Perry County", lists the year of arrival in Perry of settlers from 1820-50

"Early Wars Soldiers of Greene and Perry Counties" contains Revolutionary War 1776-83, War of 1812 1812-15,and Creek Indian War 1813-14

"Perry County Graves 1820-1943" contains over 2300 graves both marked and unmarked

"Brief History of Hintonville School 1923-44",

"Union Soldiers from Perry County" lists 40 men from Perry County that joined the Union Army in New Orleans In 1864,

"Some Records of the First Settlers of Perry County in 1820" lists the 292 original settlers,using both the 1820 Federal Census and the 1820 State Tax Roll.

"Newt Knight's band of deserters", 76 pages. Lists 94 members,and what is known about the ones that survived the war $25.00

"Mcdonald's of Perry and Greene counties of Mississippi", 252 pages Covers the first 4 Mcdonald's that arrived - Hugh 1817, John and Neil 1818, Daniel 1819 $35.00

I should be ready to publish "Early Schools of Perry County 1820-1929" by Thanksgiving.
Also should be ready to publish "Pathways to the Past" containing over 115 articles that I published in The Advertiser News,Greene County Herald,Wayne County Times,and Richton Dispatch from 1996-2014 before Christmas

Books by Robert McSwain

Mississippi Civil War Soldiers:
by Robert J. McSwain Jr. CreateSpace Independent
Publishing, Copyright 2017, ISBN-10: 1974256464

The War of Northern Aggression, The War Between the States, or The Civil War---no matter what one chooses to call it, the war between the North and the South was brutal. No one was left unaffected by this event. Both young and old men quickly enlisted for the side they believed in. This would often pit brother against brother and father against son. The men of Perry County, Mississippi also heeded the call to arms. Six companies of Confederate troops would form in Perry County along with men from the neighboring Greene and Jones Counties. In this book are the names of the men who served on both sides---the Blue and the Grey.

This book can be purchased online from Amazon, Barnes and Noble, and Books-a-Million websites.

Early Perry County, Mississippi Newspapers,
by Robert J. McSwain Jr. & Allison R. McSwain, 66 pages, CreateSpace Independent
Publishing, Copyright 2017, ISBN-10: 154077242X
Perry County, Mississippi was formed from the western half of Greene County, Mississippi on February 3, 1820, and was named after Commodore Oliver Hazard Perry, a popular naval hero of the War of 1812. It was the first county formed after Mississippi attained its statehood in 1817, and the sixteenth county to be formed out of the old Mississippi Territory. The first settlement in Perry County was Augusta, founded in 1812 on the banks of the Leaf River. Augusta would become the county seat, and in 1819 was one of the first land offices in the state to be established. By 1860, two more communities, Enon and Monroe, had been established. It wasn't until 1882 that Hattiesburg would be founded by pioneer lumberman and civil engineer, William H. Hardy. Shortly afterwards, Perry County's first newspaper, the Hattiesburg Herald would begin publication on Saturday with C. L. Adamson as the editor. It wouldn't take long for other newspapers to follow in the Herald's footsteps. This book is a compilation of the birth, death, and marriage announcements of the citizens in Perry County from those early newspapers that have been preserved on microfilm. This Book can be purchased from Amazon at

The McSwain Family, by Robert J. McSwain Jr., 356 pages, CreateSpace Independent Publishing Copyright 2016, ISBN-10: 1539770311 The earliest record of McSwain families in the U.S. can be found in the 1790 census that lists 20 McSwain households numbering 90 persons, all in NC. Of these, 15 households with 58 persons were in Robeson and Cumberland counties within a five mile radius of the present day town of St. Pauls, NC. By 1850, most if not all, of the McSwain families had moved on elsewhere. Donald McSwain and his wife, Peggy, left Scotland with their children, Malcolm, James, and Kitty, sometime between 1775 and 1790, and settled in Robeson County, NC. Eventually, Malcolm with his family would move to the southern portion of the Mississippi Territory between 1813 and 1820. This book traces the descendants of Donald McSwain down through several generations. Also included are the Adams, Barlow, Breland, Brown, Carter, Clark, Cooley, Cooper, Davis, Ellis, Fullilove, Garraway, Gillis, Graham, Gray, Green, Griffin, Hamilton, Harris, Hinton, Holland, Johnson, Jones, Lewis, Martin, McDonald, McKenzie, Mounger, Myers, Odom, Parker, Prine, Robinson, Ryan, Sanderson, Smith, Travis, Turner, Wallace, Watson, Williams, and Young families. Many other families are included through marriages. This Book can be purchased from Amazon at

Matthew Perry was with British student Rachel Dunn for around two years

Moving on to one of Matthew Perry's most serious romances — and one of the few he actually spoke about publicly — Perry was with Rachel Dunn when "Friends" came to an end. The two reportedly dated for two years from 2003 (per People), during which time they stepped out together multiple times and were snapped on various red carpets.

Though Perry previously kept his private life just that, he spoke pretty openly about his romance with Dunn on at least one occasion and even revealed that he was considering starting a family with her. Speaking to the Evening Standard when "Friends" came to an end in 2004, he shared that being a dad was "something [he thought] about a lot more now than 10 years ago," admitting he "really never considered it" when the show first began. The clearly love-struck actor candidly continued, "With Rachel in my life, I know that I can be very committed and not some selfish guy who just wants to hang out with friends. I want to spend time with my girlfriend and explore what it means to have a much closer relationship than I've previously had time for." Aww!

But this one wasn't meant to be, with Perry and the British fashion student calling it quits in June 2005. A source told People at the time, "There was no drama involved [in the breakup], just a commitment by [Perry] to stay focused on his sobriety."

Malcolm Perry Miami Dolphins videos, transfer history and stats - SofaScore

Malcolm Perry is 24 years old (19/04/1997) and he is 177cm tall. His jersey number is 10.

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A detailed but flawed biography of Malcollm X

Before reading this book, admirers of Malcolm X had best sit down and have a stiff belt of their favorite potent potable. According to Bruce Perry, Malcolm X -- born Malcolm Little -- was considered a sissy by his boyhood companions had serious doubts about his manhood and a streak of misogyny that drove him to at least two homosexual trysts in his teen years and firebombed his own house the week before his assassination Feb. 21, 1965.

Although Mr. Perry's book -- which he says traces the development of the pseudo-masculine, criminal Malcolm Little to the manly, political Malcolm X -- is sure to create controversy, it must be conceded that it is the best-researched book to date about the slain black nationalist leader. Mr. Perry conducted interviews since the early 1970s, traveling as far as Grenada to interview relatives of Malcolm's mother and Guyana to track down Abdullah Abdur-Razzaq (formerly James 67X), Malcolm's closest subordinate when both were in the Nation of Islam.

Mr. Perry interviewed more than 420 people and researched police and prison records in Michigan, Massachusetts and New York. But the thoroughness of his research does not prevent his making factual errors that could lead the reader to believe he may have made errors in interpretation as well.

Former featherweight boxing champion Willie Pep becomes a lightweight champion in this narrative. Former Green Bay Packers running back Elijah Pitts becomes Elijah Potts. Those are minor errors, but there are major ones.

Hinton Johnson, the Black Muslim brutalized by New York police in 1957 in an incident that thrust Malcolm X and the Nation of Islam into the public eye, inexplicably becomes "Johnson Hinton." Malcolm X made the same error in his autobiography, but former Newsweek editor Peter Goldman corrected it in his work, "The Death and Life of Malcolm X." Mr. Perry's repetition of the error after supposedly having read Mr. Goldman's book is inexcusable.

Mr. Perry blunders again in discussing civil rights activist James Farmer's reaction to the assassination of Malcolm X. After revealing that Mr. Farmer "intimated that Malcolm . . . had been killed at the behest of drug dealers," Mr. Perry goes on to assert that "Years later, Farmer tacitly conceded that [the theory was] nonsense." He conceded no such thing. In his autobiography, "Lay Bare The Heart," published in 1985, Mr. Farmer explicitly stated that ". . . the belief that [Malcolm's] assassination was related to drug traffic and the syndicate has remained with me."

Despite such flagrant errors, Mr. Perry does offer probing insights into the childhood of Malcolm X, asserting that authoritative, unloving parents had as much to do with shaping the criminal Malcolm Little as white racism did. Some critics may think Mr. Perry spends too much time on Malcolm's childhood and early teen years, for it is in the early chapters that he makes the contentious and ultimately gratuitous charge about Malcolm's homosexual activity. The charges about his homosexuality came from two sources. As there is no way for anyone to know if the sources told the truth, skeptics should remain skeptical.

But Mr. Perry does lay the blame for Malcolm's expulsion from the Nation of Islam where it belongs -- at the feet of Malcolm X. In his autobiography, Malcolm contended that he was suspended from the Nation of Islam for making an innocent reference to President Kennedy's assassination as a case of "chickens coming home to roost."

In the question-and-answer period that followed the speech in which that quote was made, Malcolm said the question about Kennedy's assassination "inevitably" come up. The question came up because Malcolm clearly and skillfully manipulated the press into asking it by making no fewer than 10 references to Kennedy, all negative. Mr. Perry's conclusion is that Malcolm wanted out of the Nation of Islam, and subconsciously or consciously expedited his own departure.

More controversial is his allegation that Malcolm firebombed his own home Feb. 14, 1965. The author cites compelling evidence -- drawn from police and fire records -- to support his contention. (Malcolm said his home was firebombed by disgruntled Black Muslims. Mr. Perry's theory is that since Malcolm had been ordered to vacate the house as a result of a lawsuit filed by the Nation of Islam, he retaliated by firebombing the house himself. When Malcolm's father, Earl Little, was faced with eviction from a house in Lansing, Mich., in 1929, that residence also went up in flames. The parallels between the two incidents, Mr. Perry says, "were striking.")

The evidence is compelling, but not necessarily convincing. Mr. Goldman says that Malcolm had just returned from London with a severe case of jet lag. He had taken two sleeping pills to get some rest. It's not likely that he was in any shape to firebomb his own house.

Bruce Perry has described his book as a critical biography of Malcolm X. Peter Goldman's book also is a critical biography, but does not flirt with character assassination the way Mr. Perry's does and remains the best biography of Malcolm X, Mr. Perry's years of arduous research not withstanding. The line between a critical biography and a hatchet job is indeed a thin one. Bruce Perry may have crossed it.

Watch the video: Malcolm Perry Navy and Dolphins Highlights Dolphins WR