Did Ancient Egyptians Trade Nicotine and Cocaine With the New World?

Did Ancient Egyptians Trade Nicotine and Cocaine With the New World?

It has long been said that Christopher Columbus was not the first foreigner to step foot in the Americas by the time he reached there in 1492. Among the theories put forward is that the Vikings, Chinese, Greeks, and Italians may have all reached the New World before Columbus. Now new evidence suggests that the ancient Egyptians had been to the Americas as early as 1,000 BC, and for a surprising reason.

German scientist Dr Svetla Balabanova was studying the mummified remains of Lady Henut Taui, a member of the ruling class, when she made a surprising discovery – the mummy contained traces of nicotine and cocaine . Disbelief in the findings led to alternative hypotheses, for example, that the tests were contaminated or the mummies were fakes, but these ideas were disproved and the mummy and the test results were found to be authentic.

The results were particularly surprising considering that tobacco and coca plants, which were only found in the Americas at the time, were not exported overseas until the Victorian era in the 19 th century. Could it be that the ancient Egyptians had made it all the way to America 3,000 years ago?

A number of archaeological discoveries have certainly suggested that the Egyptians were masters of the seas. In around 1477 BC, Queen Hatshepsut funded a mysterious overseas expedition to the Land of Punt , which is depicted in a relief at Deir el-Bahri (in modern day Luxor). It shows five ships, each measuring about 70 feet long, carrying 210 men and loaded with gold, trees and exotic animals which can only be found along the coast of Africa and Arabian Peninsula, indicating that the Egyptians were able to undertake fairly large scale oceanic voyages.

Then, in 2011, a series of remarkable discoveries on a stretch of the Red Sea coast proved the Egyptian’s seafaring abilities. Archaeologists excavating a dried-up lagoon, known as Mersa Gawasis, unearthed traces of an ancient harbour that once launched early voyages like Hatshepsut’s onto the open ocean. Inside a series of man-made caves they found timber, rigging, limestone anchors, steering oars, reed mats, cedar planks, and the remains of the oldest seagoing ships ever discovered, which offers hard proof of the Egyptians’ nautical roots.

Further evidence of an Egyptian journey to the Americas comes from an intriguing but unverified discovery in the Marble Region of the Grand Canyon. According to the Arizona Gazette, on 5 th April, 1909, two Smithsonian-funded explorers found a variety of Egyptian-like artefacts including tablets with hieroglyphics inside caves. However, the Smithsonian Institute has no current records of the finding. Such a discovery would have offered hard evidence of an Egyptian journey to Americas but perhaps it is just too inconvenient to rewrite the history books and alter long-held traditions such as the Columbus Day celebrations .

Source of article comes from Epoch Times .


    Did Ancient Egyptians Trade Nicotine and Cocaine With the New World? - History

    Published by kind courtesy of Mr. Roy A. Decker. All comments regarding this particular article publication should be addressed to Mr. Decker.

    The Biblical Clues

    Able Seamen

    *Herodotus also notes that the feat of circumnavigation of Africa was soon duplicated by the Carthaginians.

    Phoenician sailors set out from their homeland on the eastern shore of the Mediterranean to trade, explore and to found colonies. They had competition from the Greeks, but managed to set colonies on most of the islands in the Mediterranean, along the north coast of Africa (including one named Carthago, Carchedon to the Greeks, or Carthage - from the punic Qart-Hadasht meaning "New Town") and along the coast of Spain (then called Iberia by the Greeks). They built small trading settlements through the Sahara desert and scattered through the middle east. They were able to navigate by the stars, unlike their Greek and Roman counterparts who without any compass were forced to sail within sight of land at all times.

    The New Town

    We should keep in mind that the history of Carthage was written by her enemies, who painted them as evil avaricious greedy people, more concerned with money and deceit than honor. To a large degree this is undeserved - even Herodotus records them as trading "with perfect honesty" and any success on their part in outsmarting an enemy was described as "deceit". Almost nothing remains of their literature and culture, though it is known that some must have been of high quality. Some modern scholars state that Carthage had no body of literature, but this I find doubtful since the Phoenicians originated the alphabet! King Juba of Mauretania referred to the Punic books on geography, as did Sallust. On the fall of Carthage, several libraries of Punic books were given to the princes of Numidia for their part in the war by the Romans. A treatise on agriculture written by Mago (probably the youngest brother of Hannibal who was named Mago, but there were several others with that name) was highly esteemed by the Romans who eventually published a number of copies. There seems to have been a Punic or rather Phoenician style of architecture too, for even King Solomon hired Phoenicians to build his temple. A horseshoe style or semi-circle seems to have been popular. (*see below) Furniture and metalwork of Carthage was highly esteemed by her trading neighbors, and their glass products (including trade beads) were very popular. Raisin wine, a speciality of Carthage was especially prized by the Romans. Jewelry manufacture was important, and one type of semi-precious stone was even called after Carthage, the Carbuncle. Trade was most important though and Carthage was very involved in the spice trade as well as virtually every other commodity one can think of in ancient times including exotic goods like billets of ebony wood, ivory, bulk metals in ingots such as copper and all-important tin - vital for production of bronze - as well as perfumes, incense and horses as well as slaves. The sea trade was only one part of her trading empire though, it is often forgotten that overland caravans beat a steady path to Carthage from deep in sub-Saharan Africa and as far away as Persia and Aethiopia.

    When Alexander completed his conquest, Carthage sent letters of congratulations and gifts - although fortunately for them Alexander didn't turn his attention to them. Alexander was apparently planning on an expedition against Carthage and Italy, but died of a fever before completing his preparations. The question of whether or not he could have been successful is moot, however it would have been a different sort of war than the Persian conquest. Carthage would not likely collapse after a defeat or two, Alexander was short on manpower (he was forced to reorganize his phalanxes with only the front three ranks being Macedonians, the remainder Persian and other levees) and how the naval conflict would resolve is unknown. Rome and Carthage were allied at this time, and the Romans were fond of saying that if Alexander had gone west instead of east he would not be known as "The Great".

    When Tyre fell to Nebuchadrezzar in 576 BC, Carthage gained ascendancy over the other Phoenician colonies, including Utica and Gades (or Agadir, today modern Cadiz) even though they were older, becoming a de-facto capital of what remained of the Phoenician empire. Carthage was protector and trading partner for these numerous colonies, and she sent out colonists to establish new cities and in some cases to re-establish them where former Tyrian colonies had failed or been conquered. Allying with the Etruscans of Italy, the Carthaginians were able to exclude the Greeks from further expansion into the western Mediterranean and after the fall of Tarshish, Carthage held the straits of Gibraltar closed to any foreign vessels.

    Other than the scant record from the periplus of Hanno, whatever records of exploration and colonization were lost when Carthage was utterly destroyed by Rome in 146BC. However, several of the early treaties between Rome and Carthage still exist (in the latin) and one fact does stand out from them - that Carthage specifically did not want any foreigners to travel or do business beyond the Pillars of Hercules (today Gibraltar) - at least not without the permission of the Carthaginian Senate and an official of the government must be present.

    Early Drug Use

    The more likely scenario is that there was indeed contact between the old world and the new which involved trade. In my opinion the Egyptians were not particularly good seamen, but the Phoenicians were! The trade routes they used were jealously guarded secrets, and their ability to navigate was well known. When the mother land was conquered, first by Babylonians and later by Persians and Greeks, most of the trading colonies became allied with Carthage. Carthaginian traders were quick to duplicate the navigational feats of their forefathers and to fill the void in providing trade goods. Thor Heyerdahl's famous "Ra Expeditions" proved that cross oceanic travel was possible even with the reed boats of Egypt, but navigation without compass would have been difficult.

    It can be argued that the Egyptians had some method of using the stars for navigation, as the near perfect alignments of the pyramids could attest. However, it is my opinion that the Sphinx and certain other monuments ascribed to the Egyptians are in fact much older (circa 10000 years.) Egyptians did venture on the seas to the "mythical" land of Punt, a place which can be identified with Sumatra though theories abound as to its location including the Great Lakes of North America. A point to consider here is found in one of the ancient Egyptian inscriptions describing the expedition of Queen Hatshepsut to Punt - part of the text states ". the Phoenicians. " but the remainder of the text is missing. It is in a part of the text which is supposed to be a statement by the King of Punt, pointing out the secret path to the land and mentioning the "steps of Myrrh". The Puntese already knew of the Phoenicians by this early date, and to go a step further the Puntese were also called Puoeni by the Egyptians, which is a term also used to describe Phoenicians. The Puntese were most likely Phoenician colonists.

    The Phoenicians were known to navigate by the stars, and in fact the Romans called the North star the "Punic Star" because of its use by them for navigation, but did not understand how. Another navigation tool called the "gnomon" was used to determine the latitude by the position of the Sun. A Greek sea-captain from Massilia (now Marsielles in France) named Pytheas learned the use of it and used it in his exploration of the Atlantic coast of Europe, noting that the Northern Star is not precisely at the North Pole as well as other remarkable scientific observations including the midnight sun at high latitudes and fog banks. On his return to Massilia, Pytheas was rewarded by his Greek fellow citizens with ridicule and scorn, an attitude that persists to this day among some scholars.

    Another navigational instrument which probably was in use by Phoenicians was the cross-staff, a long sighting staff with uprights set at various spots which allowed the user to determine latitude as well as direction. Furthermore, some instinctive oceanic navigation skill was very probable among these sailors - similar to the unerring way Polynesians could find their way to tiny specks of land in the vast expanse of the Pacific simply by observing the formations of clouds, the flights of birds and even the way waves form far from land. A short passage from the Greek book "Argonautica" describing the man who was to be the navigator for the fictional voyage - as being able to judge the time for sailing by the wind and the sky, and the direction to land by the swell of the sea.

    Punic Calling Cards

    The alphabets of India, Ceylon and Sumatra all originated from Phoenician - this is eloquent evidence of far ranging contact.
    Inscriptions on stone are found throughout the Americas, and coins of Carthage have been found in a number of states. Nearly all have been found close to navigable waters, and oddly all are of the earliest issues of Carthage, none later than the First Punic war have turned up. A metal urn with Phoenician themes and likely a Carthaginian trade item was unearthed near the junction of the Chenango and Susquehanna rivers in New York.

    Divers investigating the odd stone formation off Bimini Island found a shipwreck, that dated to the 1800's - while searching they found that it lay atop an older shipwreck, one that is positively Phoenician and dates to approximately 1000BC! Dr J Manson Valentine of Yale university confirmed the origins of the wreck. Evidence of other ancient shipwrecks exists, in particular a Punic vessel located off the coast of Honduras as well as one found "deeply buried in sand" in Mexico in the 19th century, another which is as yet unidentified off the coast of Texas as well as what was probably a Roman trading vessel off Beverly Massachusetts.

    Carthaginian amphorae have been found in the Americas, as well as weapons, oil lamps, glass "trade" beads along the St Lawrence river among other "anomalous" finds.

    Ancient historians

    Other historians (Herodotus and Polybius) have hinted at its existence, and further explained some of the other colonies. The coast south of Lixus was described as "teeming" with Punic trading colonies. One of the colonies founded by Hanno (500bc) which has not been located correctly was Cerne, (pronounced Ker-neh) it is my opinion this is today the Canary islands. When first discovered by the Portuguese, they found light skinned people, who had "writings" they themselves could not read and asked their Portuguese visitors if they could. They did not know what had become of their "motherland" - and this is taken by some authors to be proof of Atlantean influence, but I believe they were survivors of Cerne. The Portuguese were unimpressed with the people or their ruins and writings, and killed them - they also burnt the writings as possible heresy!

    One of Plutarch's (2nd century ad) less known works* also states quite clearly the state of affairs. He cited a document which was found in the ruins of the old city of Carthage. He said the Carthaginians knew of a "true continent" which was located far to the west of Britain. He added that "greeks" had gone there and intermarried with the local peoples. The "greeks" who lived there, laughed at the people in Europe, which they said was a mere island by comparison - while they lived on the true continent which bordered the whole west side of the Atlantic.

    *Moralia XII, On The Face Of The Moon

    It is my opinion that the "big island" was the Americas! I do not think the Carthaginian explorers founded big cities in the new world, rather they were more interested in commerce. There are several arguments against their having contact, one of which is there is not any ruins of any fort. However, there are a number of ancient earthwork fortifications scattered through the Ohio river valley that date to (about) 200bc - the height of the power of Carthage. Some strange artifacts have turned up in these ruins (called the Hopewell culture) including one amulet that appears very much Hebrew! In some of these ruins there are long stone structures that look remarkably like the 'boat sheds' used by Punic and Greek sailors to protect their ships during foul weather. Location is a problem, but they are close to a river even though the river is today too shallow for navigation, it may well have been deeper then.

    Supposedly there are no written evidence of ancient contact, but in fact there have been a great number of writings found inscribed on stone scattered throughout the Americas. A number of them have been studied and deciphered, many by Barry Fell. (His books America BC and Saga America contain a good deal on this) Although they are nearly always denounced as "hoaxes" it is strange that only recently are many readable! Most have been in an ancient Celtic script called Ogam, and quite a number are Iberian and Punic, while some are even Egyptian! The seamanship of the ancient Celts is little respected, yet no less than an authority than Julius Caesar described their ships as quite large compared to his small Roman vessels, capable of traveling in the open seas!

    The strange ruins of Mystery Hill in New Hampshire are in fact the remains of a Punic-Celtic colony. Aristotle mentioned that the Carthaginians had once attempted a colony in their "secret land" but later withdrew it, blocking others from attempting it including their allies the Etruscans and even the Tyrians fleeing the wrath of Alexander. Several other sites in New England are obviously related as well as a likely connection with the strange stone walls of southern California and several native American tribes of the southwest such as the Pima and Zuni.

    More information.

    The true history of the Phoenician peoples and in particular the remarkable Carthaginians has never been told, virtually all we know of them is what was written by their enemies who were trying to paint them in the worst possible tones. Some of the worst of their practices such as human sacrifice were really nothing unusual for many cultures of their time. Even the supposedly civilized Romans buried alive two Gauls in an attempt to fulfill a prophecy which claimed that some part of Rome must be home to Gauls - not to mention the slaughter of countless thousands for entertainment! The Carthaginians may well have been the most accomplished explorers in history.

    In conclusion here are a few collected articles for you to judge for yourself. I am working on a book to further explain this and present the evidence, if you are interested drop me a line at [email protected] (the old address at USA.NET is discontinued 7/31/01) with your name and address, I will contact you to let you know when publication begins. (Please, no spam. It will not be opened or read.) *update, book project is still unfinished with new information now being added - anyone who has information and or photos they would like included is welcome to submit it for inclusion and full credit to sources. Additional reading: America" link on this Web site.

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    Contact: Salim George Khalaf, Byzantine Phoenician Descendent
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    "A Bequest Unearthed, Phoenicia" &mdash Encyclopedia Phoeniciana

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    We have more than 420,000 words.
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    Traces of cocaine found in egyption mummy

    Who says Chris Columbus was the first to sail the ocean blue??

    Did Ancient Egyptians Trade Nicotine and Cocaine With the New World?

    It has long been said that Christopher Columbus was not the first foreigner to step foot in the Americas by the time he reached there in 1492. Among the theories put forward is that the Vikings, Chinese, Greeks, and Italians may have all reached the New World before Columbus. Now new evidence suggests that the ancient Egyptians had been to the Americas as early as 1,000 BC, and for a surprising reason.

    German scientist Dr Svetla Balabanova was studying the mummified remains of Lady Henut Taui, a member of the ruling class, when she made a surprising discovery – the mummy contained traces of nicotine and cocaine . Disbelief in the findings led to alternative hypotheses, for example, that the tests were contaminated or the mummies were fakes, but these ideas were disproved and the mummy and the test results were found to be authentic.

    The results were particularly surprising considering that tobacco and coca plants, which were only found in the Americas at the time, were not exported overseas until the Victorian era in the 19 th century. Could it be that the ancient Egyptians had made it all the way to America 3,000 years ago?

    A number of archaeological discoveries have certainly suggested that the Egyptians were masters of the seas. In around 1477 BC, Queen Hatshepsut funded a mysterious overseas expedition to the Land of Punt , which is depicted in a relief at Deir el-Bahri (in modern day Luxor). It shows five ships, each measuring about 70 feet long, carrying 210 men and loaded with gold, trees and exotic animals which can only be found along the coast of Africa and Arabian Peninsula, indicating that the Egyptians were able to undertake fairly large scale oceanic voyages.

    Then, in 2011, a series of remarkable discoveries on a stretch of the Red Sea coast proved the Egyptian’s seafaring abilities. Archaeologists excavating a dried-up lagoon, known as Mersa Gawasis, unearthed traces of an ancient harbour that once launched early voyages like Hatshepsut’s onto the open ocean. Inside a series of man-made caves they found timber, rigging, limestone anchors, steering oars, reed mats, cedar planks, and the remains of the oldest seagoing ships ever discovered, which offers hard proof of the Egyptians’ nautical roots.

    Further evidence of an Egyptian journey to the Americas comes from an intriguing but unverified discovery in the Marble Region of the Grand Canyon. According to the Arizona Gazette, on 5 th April, 1909, two Smithsonian-funded explorers found a variety of Egyptian-like artefacts including tablets with hieroglyphics inside caves. However, the Smithsonian Institute has no current records of the finding. Such a discovery would have offered hard evidence of an Egyptian journey to Americas but perhaps it is just too inconvenient to rewrite the history books and alter long-held traditions such as the Columbus Day celebrations .


    Did the Smithsonian cover up an Ancient Egyptian Colony in the Grand Canyon?

    As a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, this site may earn from qualifying purchases. We may also earn commissions on purchases from other retail websites.

    Did the Smithsonian Institute cover up the mind-boggling discovery of an ancient Egyptian Colony in the Grand Canyon? According to a news article from 1909, the answer is YES.

    Is it possible that the ancient Egyptian civilization developed technology to travel across the planet? I’m not talking spaceships, but transoceanic voyages made possible with their grandiose vessels?

    In recent years, more evidence has emerged which supports the idea that ancient civilizations like the Egyptians, the Chinese and even possibly the Olmec achieved trans-oceanic voyages before written history suggests.

    While scientific responses to pre-Colombian trans-oceanic contact vary over time, most ideas which support this possibility have been treated with skepticism since such an idea radically opposes what we are told about history.

    The idea that there is, or was an ancient colony in North America belonging to the ancient Egyptian civilization is something that according to many only occurs in Hollywood movies.

    However, according to the front page of the April 5, 1909, edition of the Arizona Gazette, a bizarre discovery was made in the Marble region of the Grand Canyon that points towards an ancient Egyptian presence in North America thousands of years ago.

    According to the newspaper, two alleged Smithsonian-funded archaeologists Prof. S. A. Jordan and G.E. Kinkaid made the fascinating discovery that according to many proves history is inaccurate.

    The report -shrouded in mystery reads:

    (D)iscoveries which almost conclusively prove that the race which inhabited this mysterious cavern, hewn in solid rock by human hands, was of oriental origin, possibly from Egypt, tracing back to Ramses. If their theories are borne out by the translation of the tablets engraved with hieroglyphics, the mystery of the prehistoric peoples of North America, their ancient arts, who they were and whence they came, will be solved. Egypt and the Nile, and Arizona and the Colorado will be linked by a historical chain running back to ages which staggers the wildest fancy of the fictionist.

    The article notes that the mysterious set of caverns was located in an extremely remote part of the Grand Canyon, dangerous and nearly inaccessible. The alleged site is reportedly located 2 miles away from El Tovar Crystal Canyon.

    According to the Arizona Gazette, the entrance to the main cavern was located some 1500 feet below an abrupt cliff.

    However, people believe all of this is part of an elaborate hoax and that the discovery was never made.

    Furthermore, the Smithsonian Institute denied all claims indicating that no record of a so-called Kincaid or Professor Jordan exists in the Smithsonian’s Department of Anthropology.

    Moreover, the Smithsonian denies there is any evidence of artifacts gathered.

    In the book, Suppressed Inventions by Jonathan Eisen, a spokesperson from the Smithsonian Institute denies any ancient Egyptian artifacts were found in the Grand Canyon.

    Well, the first thing I can tell you, before we go any further, is that no Egyptian artifacts of any kind have ever been found in North or South America. Therefore, I can tell you that the Smithsonian Institute has never been involved in any such excavations.

    Was this just another hoax? Can we conclude that the entire story is just an elaborate newspaper hoax as many indicate? Or is it possible that the Smithsonian Institute -which has been called out in the past for covering up history changing discoveries- covered up the mind-boggling discovery?

    Reading through the book Suppressed Inventions, we have found out fascinating details that give the story of an ancient Egyptian colony in North America an entirely new level.

    “…Historian and linguist Carl Hart, the editor of World Explorer, obtained a hiker’s map of the Grand Canyon from a bookstore in Chicago. Poring over the map, we were amazed to see that much of the area of the north side of the canyon had Egyptian names. For example, the area around Ninety-four Mile Creek and Trinity Creek had areas with names like Tower of Set, Tower of Ra, Horus Temple, Osiris Temple and Isis Temple. In the Haunted Canyon area are such names as the Cheops Pyramid, the Buddha Cloister, Buddha Temple, Manu Temple and Shiva Temple…”

    Is this just a small worthless coincidence? Or is there more to the story than meets the eye?

    Interestingly, the area of the canyon where the Egyptian names are located is an area off limits. It’s a forbidden zone. No one is allowed to enter it and explore it. The great question is why? Why is it off limits? Is it because the mysterious vaults and ancient Egyptian artifacts are real? And they are located there? Even today, the mysterious area of the canyon is a restricted zone, off-limits for hikers, explorers, and even park personnel.

    The story of the mysterious ‘lost ancient Egyptian colony‘ in the Grand Canyon is filled with mystery.

    What if professor Kincaid and his colleague professor Jordan did exist and worked for the Smithsonian Institute but under another name?

    Or is it possible that the story printed by the Arizona Gazette is an elaborate hoax, an attempt to increase sales for an ‘unknown’ local newspaper? after all, only the Arizona Gazette wrote about the alleged discovery.

    If something of this magnitude was real, wouldn’t other newspapers have rushed and printed the magnificent story?

    While it is impossible to say for certain whether or not the caves exist, and ‘someone’ actually recovered ancient Egyptian artifacts fro the caves, we know that the Ancient Egyptians were capable of alot of things, and they could have had the ability to travel to the Americas.

    Evidence of that an intriguing set of glyphs located in Australia (another finding highly debated).

    While the mysterious glyphs, known as the Gosford Glyphs, are considered as a hoax by mainstream scholars, many people believe that the Gosford Glyphs are just one of the many pieces which point towards Ancient Egyptian large-scale oceanic voyages.

    But in addition to the above, there are quite a few indicators which suggest the ancient Egyptians sailed around the planet and had the ability to perform large-scale oceanic voyages thousands of years ago.

    Another intriguing fact that points towards ancient Egyptians traveling to the Americas or vice-versa are the mummified remains of Lady Henut Taui. The mummy, analyzed by German scientists Svetla Balabanova, contained traces of cocaine and nicotine, something that had never before been found.

    But why was the discovery a groundbreaking one? Well, cocaine and tobacco were only found in the Americas in the distant past. These plants were not exported until the 19th century, a fact that suggests that somehow, ancient Egyptians could have traveled in the Americas 3,000 years ago.

    http://www.topsecretwriters.com

    Suppressed Inventions and Other Discoveries by Jonathan Eisen (Author)


    Harrison Narcotics Act

    The Harrison Narcotics Act of 1914 was one of the country’s first forays into national drug legislation.

    The Act, introduced by Representative Francis Burton Harrison of New York, effectively outlawed the sale and use of coca and opium products.

    Racist sentiment fueled support for the law. Newspapers, politicians and physicians capitalized on white fear of the mythical “Negro cocaine fiend”𠅋lack cocaine users, some believed, made particularly dangerous criminals.


    The Ancient Mayan-Egyptian Connection

    “The information I have learned will blow your mind.”

    So, recently I’ve been listening to a lot of Joe Rogan Podcasts with Graham Hancock and Randal Carlson on as guests. The information fascinated me so much that I’ve been doing some deep research into ancient history myself the past two weeks. I’ve been learning a bit of Egyptian Hieroglyphics and Mayan glyph writing (although I’m definitely not anywhere remotely close to fluency yet). I’ve also been reading archeological articles, books, watching documentaries, et cetera. The information I have learned will blow your mind.

    Ancient history has fascinated me for as long as I can remember. As a child, I was obsessed with libraries and reading. At school, you could always find me at the library and after school I would always ask my grandmother to take me to the public library. Most of the time I was reading non-fiction history and science books, though I loved fiction at the time too.

    This time around, I want to explore connections between ancient cultures that shouldn’t be there, and the role that psychedelics played in the lives of these archaic people.

    Cocaine and nicotine have been found in the hair and skin of thousands of ancient Egyptian mummies. This contradicts what we’ve been taught in school because the coca and tobacco plants were only supposed to have been introduced to the Old World after Christopher Columbus brought them back from the New World in the 15th century. Rigorous forensic testing has been done on the mummies to rule out contamination, and the mummies have been authenticated by multiple experts to be from Egypt thousands of years ago.

    Why would the ancient Egyptians have access to tobacco and coca? Was there contact between the people of ancient Africa and the people of ancient America? Did trade occur between these people thousands of years ago? More evidence continues to unfold.

    The ancient Egyptians were well known for their complex ship-building and could have easily crossed the Atlantic.

    A very important, ancient, and influential culture in central America was the Mayan culture and, surprisingly, there are many connections between the Egyptians and the Mayans. For instance, both cultures wrote using hieroglyphic writing systems that both used a total of 700 glyphs. In both writing systems, the glyphs represent either sounds or ideas/nouns depending on the glyph and the context.

    Both cultures built pyramids, and although many think that the largest pyramids are at Giza in Egypt, this is not the case. The world’s largest pyramid is actually located in Mexico and is three times bigger than the Great Pyramid of Giza. It began to be built over 2,000 years ago by the Olmecs, a culture that predates the Mayans, and was completed by the Aztecs. The Mayans themselves also built many impressive pyramids of their own.

    Both cultures used psilocybin mushrooms religiously. The Mayans called them the “loose your mind” mushrooms and the Egyptians called them “sons of the gods” and “plants of immortality”. There is ample archeological evidence for the spiritual significance of psychedelics in each culture, especially the Mayans, who may have had the most sophisticated and diverse psychedelic-using tradition in all of history.

    Painting found on an ancient Mayan vase depicting high-dose psilocybin mushroom use, human sacrifice, decapitation, a god of death, and visions of spiritual entities.

    Yet another similarity between these two cultures worlds apart is that they both worshipped a “civilization-bringing god”. For the Egyptians, it was Osiris. For the Mayans, it was Kukulkan, later worshiped by the Aztecs as Quetzalcoatl.

    Both practiced human sacrifice, although the Egyptians stopped that practice early on in their civilization whereas the Mayans kept it up until the Spanish conquest. Both used tobacco and coca (evidence of trade), and both practiced mummification. However, the Egyptians practiced mummification much more often and in a more sophisticated way than the Mayans. Even so, both cultures had a great proclivity to partake in the ritualistic burial of the dead. These cultures were absolutely obsessed with death.

    Now, what we are faced with is an obvious connection and tremendous influence between these two cultures. There was obviously some ancient, Trans-Atlantic trade route between Africa and the Americas, and the evidence is overwhelming. Much of this history was likely lost in the burning of the library of Alexandria, an ancient Macedonian library founded by Alexander the Great in Alexandria, Egypt which contained the largest collection of knowledge the world had ever known.

    The library became so vast that it contained over 500,000 individual scrolls, books, codices, and manuscripts from all over the world. How was this possible over two thousand years ago? Alexandria was one of the most important trading cities in the ancient Mediterranean, and it was mandated that every ship relinquish its books. They would be copied by professional scribes and the originals kept in the library, while the copies were given back to the traders.

    It is believed that Julius Caesar either accidentally or intentionally burned down the entire library of Alexandria in the year 48 BCE. With all that information unfortunately lost, we may never know what it contained. Perhaps, if it still existed, we would be finding accounts of ancient transatlantic trade that the archeological authorities insist never existed.

    With this information presented, I encourage you to do your own research and make up your own mind. If you liked what you read, you should know that this is part one in a series of StrangeGlobe.com posts about ancient history and psychedelics! Be sure to follow me on Instagram @chad_many_jr so you don’t miss a thing! If you’d like to check out my YouTube videos click here!

    Thank you for reading this post and thank you for visiting my website! If you’d like to support what I do, you can check out the shop here, or donate as little as $2 per month here. Thanks for your support and have a fantastic day!

    Further Resources:


    THE COCAINE CONNECTION BETWEEN ANCIENT EGYPT AND THE AMERICAS

    This post will detail some little-known facts about the ancient world which confirm that the Old World and New World communicated and traded with each other millennia prior to when Columbus restored maritime connections between the two sides of the Atlantic Ocean in 1492. This connection is also verified in biblical historical narratives.

    It has been known for years that the mummies of ancient Egypt contain residues of cocaine and nicotine, and that Egyptian art includes depictions of New World corn crops. It has also been known for many centuries that nicotine was introduced to the Europeans after Columbus’ voyage and those of other European explorers brought samples of tobacco products back to European royal courts. That cocaine from the Americas could be found in very ancient Egyptian mummies so shocked the academic world that they at first dismissed such findings as modern “contamination” of ancient tissue samples. However, hair analysis confirmed the discovery (first link). The link notes that one explanation for the ruling elites of ancient Egypt to have cocaine and nicotine in their tissues was that they obtained it via a third party, by trading with the Americas. The second link affirms the valid discovery of cocaine and nicotine in ancient Egyptian mummies and speculates the Egyptians themselves were the ones who sailed across the Atlantic to obtain these products. The third link offers a web search link offering more perspectives on these discoveries. However, I think there is an easier explanation for how cocaine and nicotine came from the ancient Americas to ancient Egypt.

    The fourth link offers additional information on this connection, and it suggests the ancient Phoenicians (and their later Carthaginian offspring) were the traders who brought these products to Old World elites. This explanation makes sense to me and it is entirely consistent with biblical historical narratives about that ancient time. The Phoenicians dominated the maritime trading routes of the ancient world for many centuries. They especially controlled the world’s sea lanes prior to and during the time that the Phoenician alliance consisted of Tyre, Sidon and other trading city-states with the Israelites under Kings David and Solomon during the time of the United Monarchy of the tribes of Israel and, later, with the Israelite kings of the northern kingdom. The fourth link includes a discussion and depiction of a Carthaginian coin (circa 341 BC) with a depiction of the New World on a global map, similarities between Old and New World pyramids, and depictions of New World corn on ancient Egyptian art. It also discusses a theory that the biblical trading destination of “Ophir”‘ was actually Mexico due to the similarity between the names “Yucatan” and “Joktan,” a forebearer of Ophir (Genesis 10:25-29). It also reproduces a depiction of what had been labeled as “incense spoons” on ancient Egyptian art. However, now that it is known the elites of ancient Egypt were ingesting cocaine in some manner, those devices may have been inhalation cocaine-delivery systems.

    Almost certainly, New World cocaine would have been a very high-price trading commodity that only the pharaohs, priests and elites of ancient Egypt would have known about or have been able to afford. One can see that Egyptian priests and pharaohs would have sought the help of hallucinogens to facilitate an experience of communing with their gods in Egypt’s temples. Cocaine and tobacco would have been high-value trade goods brought to Egypt by the Phoenician traders who dominated the ancient world’s maritime routes at that time. It would not have been difficult for Phoenicians (and their later Carthaginian colonists) to have had regular trading routes between the Old and New World. To make that point, look at a globe or world map. You will see that the distance from West Africa and the Azores to the coast of Brazil is actually less than the distance from the Phoenician/Israelite seacoast to Gibraltar. They would have sailed with the trade winds that circle around the North Atlantic region: westward to the New World and then returning via the North Atlantic trade winds to Briton and Europe on their way back to the Mediterranean Sea. The Bible contains ancient confirmation that these oceanic trade winds were known to the Phoenician/Israelites. Ecclesiastes 1:6 contains a clear description of these circular trade winds that the Phoenician ships would have utilized.

    It is generally forgotten that the “Phoenician” alliance included not only the small city-states of Tyre, Sidon, and Byblos but also the more-numerous tribes of Israel under Kings David and Solomon and the later kings of the northern kingdom of Israel. King Hiram of Tyre reached out to King David to make an alliance between their two peoples (II Samuel 5:11-12). Under King Solomon, David’s son, this alliance became so close they were a merged people. King Hiram’s mariners taught all their maritime knowledge to the Israelites and they merged their fleets, bringing back cargo and wildlife sample from voyages to other continents (I Kings 9:26-27, 10:22). The “Phoenicians” never called themselves by that name. The Greeks gave them that name, and we know them by that name only because our western histories are based on Greco-Roman sources. It needs to be realized that as we read the biblical historical narratives from the time of David (circa 1000 BC) until the fall of the northern kingdom of Israel, we are reading the history of the ancient Phoenician Empire–which was the Israelite Empire allied to the small city-states along what we call the Lebanese coast. How far did the sailors of the Israelite/Phoenician Empire explore? We do not know the exact age of the book of Job, but it was clearly part of the Israelite heritage. Job 38:29-30 refers to a location where the waters are as hard as stone and the “face of the deep is frozen.” This clearly shows the ancient Israelites knew about the polar ice caps so they clearly traveled to those far-distant regions. Isaiah 40:22 refers to the “circle of the earth,” clearly showing the Israelite mariners knew the earth was round–an inevitable conclusion made by those who sailed all over the globe. There is an interesting narrative in I Kings 18 that occurred during the great drought upon the northern kingdom of Israel that Elijah had pronounced upon them due to their growing and heinous sins. Elijah had been hiding from King Ahab for some time, but finally revealed himself. An aide to King Ahab remarked that Ahab had been searching everywhere for Ahab and that “there was no nation or kingdom” that Ahab hadn’t required their governments to search for Elijah and “took an oath” they had not found him. If Ahab was just the head of a petty shepherd kingdom, there is no way that this could have occurred. Ahab would have lacked both the clout and ability to demand all kingdoms everywhere search for Elijah–one of Israel’s citizens. However, when it is understood that King Ahab was the ruler of the Phoenician Empire that dominated the globe’s maritime trading route, this is understandable. If Ahab, the king of the Phoenician alliance made a demand, all kingdoms linked by those trading routes had to do what Ahab said or their goods could have been banned from the international trading routes. Ahab had that power as the commander of the world’s greatest navy at that time. The Phoenician alliance was clearly still very strong then as Ahab was married to a princess of the royal Sidonian house–the wicked queen, Jezebel (I King 16:31).

    There is a hint of possible cocaine use by a monarch in the Bible. When Solomon grew older, he forsook God’s laws and abandoned himself to human pleasures. He had 1000 wives and concubines in his harem (I Kings 11:3-4) and in Ecclesiastes 1:17-2:3, Solomon wrote that he “gave [him]self to wine,” and to “enjoy pleasure” and sample “mirth,” “folly” and “madness.” (KJV). In other words, he likes to “get high” as he partied. Enough cocaine would have induced a state of temporary “madness” in him. Since the Phoenicians were almost certainly the middlemen who obtained cocaine for Egyptian royalty and elites, and since Solomon was the king of the Phoenician Empire, he certainly had easy access to it as well. Obviously, the ancient writers of the Bible had no word for “cocaine,” but they could describe its effects.

    Isn’t it amazing what can be deduced when we realize that the Israelite Empire of the Bible was the Phoenician Empire described by the Greeks? This provides a very logical explanation for the methodology via which the ancient Egyptian pharaohs and elites obtained access to Old World cocaine. I Kings 7:8 records Solomon had married a daughter of Egypt’s pharaoh at that time so the Egyptian and Israelite/Phoenician royal houses intermarried as well. The cocaine that was available to the Egyptian ruling classes was just as available to the rulers of ancient Israel and their city-state allies. The global commerce between the Old and New World in many different ancient historical periods and a thorough history of the Israelite/Phoenician Empire is documented in my E-book, The “Lost” Ten Tribes of Israel…Found! and my printed books, The Origins, and Empire of Ancient Israel and Israel’s Lost Empires, all of which are available on the homepage of my website.

    There was a great deal of commerce and cultural exchange between the Old and New World in ancient times. It was during the well-named Dark Ages and the Medieval period that these links (and many other types of knowledge) were lost and finally regained again as the Renaissance period began. So cocaine was ingested by the upper classes on both sides of the Atlantic in ancient times? This should not surprise us. It was Solomon himself who observed that “there is no new thing under the sun” (Ecclesiastes 1:9-10).


    Maritime Trade Routes

    Egyptians built ships as early as 3000 BCE by lashing planks of wood together and stuffing the gaps with reeds.

    Egyptian Sailing Ship. This painting depicts an Egyptian ship from c. 1420 BCE.

    Pharaoh Sahure, of the Fifth Dynasty, is known to have sent ships to Lebanon to import cedar, and to the Land of Punt for myrrh, malachite, and electrum. Queen Hatshepsut sent ships for myrrh in Punt, and extended Egyptian trade into modern-day Somalia and the Mediterranean.

    Queen Hatshepsut. Queen Hatshepsut expanded trade into modern-day Somalia and the Mediterranean.

    An ancient form of the Suez Canal is believed to have been started by Pharaoh Senusret II or III of the Twelfth Dynasty, in order to connect the Nile River with the Red Sea.


    Did Ancient Egyptians Trade Nicotine and Cocaine With the New World? - History

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    They didn't invent mummification, they didn't use slaves to build the pyramids, and Cleopatra, their most famous queen, wasn't even Egyptian.

    With a civilization as old and mysterious as Ancient Egypt, it's easy for most of us to hold onto a lot of misconceptions. And when we start debunking those myths and getting to the truth, we realize that there are mountains of Ancient Egypt facts that will positively astound us all.

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