One of the scientists who participated in the study of Gospel of Judas, revealed today how an Ancient Egyptian marriage certificate played a pivotal role in the confirmation of veracity of the inks used in the legendary text.
This statement was made on April 8 at the 245th National Exposition of the American Chemical Society, in New Orleans.
“If we had not found a study carried out in the Louvre on an Egyptian wedding and its contracts, belonging to the same period and with an ink very similar to that used in the Gospel of Judas, it would have been much more difficult to be able to discern if the Gospel was authentic ”, commentedJoseph G. Barabe, the leader of the microscopy and microanalysis analysis team.
Barabe was part of a multidisciplinary team created in 2006 by the National Geographic Society, with the aim of authenticating the Gospel of Judas, discovered in 1970.
The text, written in Egyptian Coptic, is compelling because, unlike other biblical accounts depicting him as the traitor, it suggests that Jesus asked him to hand him over to the authorities.
Barabe was the responsible for the chemical analysis of the Gospel, and after analyzing a sample, they concluded that it was probably written with an early form of iron gall ink, which included black soot. Although this find suggests that it could have been written in the 3rd or 4th centuries, researchers were puzzled by one thing: the iron ink used was unlike anything else they have seen before.
Typically, iron inks (at least in the Middle Ages), they were made from a mixture of iron sulfate and tannic acids such as those extracted from oak gall, but the iron gall used to write this text does not contain sulfur, which for the researchers was unsettling.
“We didn't understand it, it just didn't fit with anything we've seen before, ”said the scientist. “It was one of the projects that has produced the most anxiety in me, because I woke up at night trying to find out the secret”.
Ultimately, Barabe found a reference to a small French study Made by experts from the Louvre Museum, where they had analyzed an ancient Egyptian marriage text, written in Coptic and dating from the early third century. To the researchers' relief, they found that they were written in copper ink, but without sulfur.
With this, they believe that the ink used in the Gospel of Judas is probably a "missing link”, A transitional ink between those created from the carbon of the ancient world and the inks made from iron sulfate, popular in the Middle Ages.
Via: American Chemical Society
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