Control of the press, art and science in the Nazi regime

Control of the press, art and science in the Nazi regime

Adolf hitler, in one of his speeches, he stated: “The wise men are enemies of the facts, what we need is instinct and will”. Nazism demanded action, never reflection since this was dangerous. Joseph Goebbels, Minister of Propaganda and Culture of the Third Reich, constantly claimed that a lie repeated a thousand times ends up being accepted as truth, so information had to be controlled.

The press had to limit itself to providing the news that was ordered to insert. The theater, the cinema, the radio, should transmit the values ​​of Nazism, including racism. Goebbels banned art criticismThus critics would refrain from pointing out that Nazi art lacked values. Even a universal knowledge such as science was subjected to filters. This was undoubtedly what caused Einstein to leave Germany by promising that he would not return until he was released.

There are many who cite the press as the fourth state power and whose mission is to educate the crowds into old age. The German state and nation were fundamentally interested in ensuring that the people did not fall into the clutches of bad or ignorant teachers. Consequently, he had to watch over popular education, preventing it from being wrongly approached, fulfilling it to closely follow the activities of the press in particular, because its influence on men is the most powerful of all and its action is continuous.

The immense importance of journalism lies in the uniformity and persistent repetition of its preaching. If the State has a duty to fulfill, it consists precisely in forgetting that everything it does has an exclusive purpose; not to consent, dazzled by the will-o'-the-wisps of the freedom of the printing press, to be led off astray or persuaded to forget his obligations and allow the retention of the provisions that the nation needs to preserve its well-being. The State must grasp the reins of this instrument of popular education with absolute determination, putting it at its service and that of the Nation, a nation for which the liberal press dug a grave.

Goebbels strongly desired the non-continuation of art criticism in its past form. The information on art took the place of a criticism that has imposed itself as a judge in artistic matters, a complete perversion of the concept that dates from the times of the Jewish domination of art.

The critic has to be replaced by the art editor. Information about art is limited to description and thus this would provide the public with the possibility of formulating their own judgment through their own attitudes and feelings.

Among the 2,400 manuscripts that were sent to the department in 1933, there were 500 dramas and a bloodthirsty anti-Jewish comedy by a indefensible category. The author had a Party card of only two figures, that decided everything.

It is true that the Jews have always spread that the science is international. From the National Socialist side, it has to be stressed that, even for the man of science, duties to the nation are above any other obligation. For this reason, the man of science also has to consider himself a member and servant of the nation.

For all these reasons, the leading positions of science in the National socialist state they are to be occupied by German men with a national conscience and not by elements foreign to the nation. The international slogan of science was based on a falsehood in that it argues that the success of scientific activity is independent of belonging to a national group. No one can claim that science and art are international. They are not, for National Socialism they are just as national.

I was born in Madrid and I live in Madrid. Like all my family, even my great-grandparents, so I am one of the few authentic Madrilenian cats that survive around here. Although my great hobby is traveling the world, my favorite corner is and will always be my big city. I am currently studying two majors at the Rey Juan Carlos University: Law and Journalism. My studies have made me a responsible, hard-working person who fights to get what he wants. I have always wanted to be an international journalist and I have always believed that to be the best I had to know law and languages. In 2008, I was working at a college in Oxford called Radley College where I met people from all over. It was a meaningful experience that opened my mind. During the 2009-2010 academic year I was awarded an Erasmus grant to Paris. It was a very good experience for my training, both personal and professional, and I returned as in Casablanca, with that phrase of "We will always have Paris."

Video: Exhibit examines hidden meanings in art from Nazi Germany