The Mexica or Aztec people It was one of the great cultures of the Ancient Mexico. Unlike other peoples, it was able to dominate the rest of its neighbors in less than two hundred years, forcing them to serve them and imposing high taxes on them. However, their power was not limited to a closed circle, since they expanded from the lakes of the Central Highlands basin to the two coasts (the Gulf of Mexico and the Pacific) and reached the mayan world border.
Destinated to form a great empire By the desire of their gods and a religion based on human sacrifice, the Mexica established their capital in Mexico-Tenochtitlán and made it the center of the known world. The Mexica people were the last inheriting people of the great cultures that formed the territory of Ancient Mexico.
Thus, they became the most important empire in Mesoamerica. But with the arrival from the East of the Spanish conquerors led by Hernan Cortes, the empire began to decline. Cortés was the only soldier capable of defeating them after a long military siege by land and water thanks to the fact that he allied himself with the Indians (who were against the power of Mexico) and possessed a superior war technology made up of cannons, rifles and crossbows. . In addition, a stroke of luck decided the confrontation, due to the smallpox that ravaged the Aztecs-Mexica in the cities of Tlatelolco and Tenochtitlán.
Behind the Aztec defeat, were the mayan the only ones that survived in the jungles of the southeast. Moctezuma Xocoyotzin, head of Mexico-Tenochtitlán, who had a religious belief bordering on fanaticism and frightened by the myths and omens about the end of his empire, let foreign soldiers pass in the middle of a political crisis among the rulers, until Without the knowledge of his people, Cuitláhauac and Cuahtémoc succeeded him during the war with the Spanish. Cuahtémoc was the last Mexica tlatoani, who was hanged for Cortes in the jungle of Tabasco.
All this and more account Raúl López-Portillo in his novel "Aztecs-Mexica, the empire of Mesoamerica”, A work that is introduced in the ancient world of Mexico and tells, in great detail, the history that the last Aztecs lived.
Almost graduated in Advertising and Public Relations. I started to like history in 2nd year of high school thanks to a very good teacher who made us see that we have to know our past to know where the future takes us. Since then I have not had the opportunity to investigate more in all that our history offers us, but now I can take up that concern and share it with you.