The Cuenca mountain range It houses in its interior impressive landscapes originated thanks to the passing of the years and the meteorological phenomena. The history of the Enchanted city It began about 90 million years ago and its formations continue to evolve today.
During the period Cretaceous, the place that this magical enclave now occupies was covered in water. Above the great rocky masses was the gigantic Sea of Thetys, father of our Indian Ocean, when all the earth was united in a single block that we know as Pangea.
The movement of the tectonic plates made the water recede and the Iberian peninsula rose, leaving our rock city at 1,500 meters above sea level.
The formations were slowly compacting due to the pressure of the layers of strata and the calcium carbonate deposits from the animal skeletons that lay there.
The atmospheric phenomena did the rest. Thanks to the porosity of the calcareous rock, the water was filtering towards its interior and dissolving it, eroding ridges and forming caves. The result, a karst relief sculpted by nature, which in our eyes seems impossible.
If we enter its impressive torques, arches and limestone seas, we will be enchanted by this Enchanted City. We can observe the curious forms that the stones have acquired, which resemble objects in our reality. Many of them already have their own names, due to the incredible resemblance. The Tormo, who greets us at the entrance, is the most famous figure in this complex, and no wonder. It seems incredible that its thin trunk can hold the huge mass of rock above it. It could break off and fall on the heads of the observers, or at least that's the impression it makes.
We can also see the three ships that are stranded on the ground, very well aligned, formed by the constant passage of the rivers that one day crossed them.
Another section of the visit that draws a lot of attention is what has come to be known as the slide. A claustrophobically narrow alley that looks like a path to the center of the earth.
The massifs are innumerable, and depending on the perspective from where we look at them, and the imagination we have, we can see some figures or others.
Spain has many landscapes formed by limestone rock, each with its own charm. The Sierra de Grazalema, the Torcal de Antequera or the Stone Monastery are some of the most famous.
The Enchanted City of Cuenca has been considered a Natural Site of Interest since 1929, and is one of the most protected areas of the country. Its geomorphological value has aroused interest at international levels.
I study journalism and law, and for both subjects history is essential. It is the basic pillar of our life. As a mother I try to introduce my son to the roots of our origin. I love to tell you stories about how our ancestors lived and interesting anecdotes that pique your curiosity. An exciting world that we will learn together here in Redhistoria.