A Hittite dam discovered during excavations in Anatolia, it has revealed that its construction technique is very similar to those used today, archaeologists working in the region explained, admitting that the dam is the oldest ever found in the area. .
“We have excavated the area, but we have not been able to discover the dam completely. This was built 3,250 years ago but with the same technique used today, only they used clay instead of cement”, Explained Professor Aykut Çınaroğlu, head of the excavations in Alacahoyuk.
He added that “This discovery is important to us because it shows us that the Hittites understood more than 3000 years ago that it was not possible to live in Anatolia without the construction of a dam.”.
Excavation of the Hittite Dam.
Çınaroğlu said that the existence of a dam in the region was known since 1935but no one had tried to dig it up. But with the encouragement of former Governor Çorum Atil Üzelgen and the financial support of former Environment Minister Fevzi Aytekin, archaeologists began to work in the area unearthing the dam, the professor added.
Çınaroğlu further explained, that the dam was built by the Hittites due to problems with drought. “There was a great problem with droughts in that period, which was verified with a technique called dendrochronology, and which determined that this drought had spread to Spain”, Adding that in that period between 11 and 13 dams were built in central Anatolia alone.
“In this way, they created small lakes”He added. At the same time, he noted that these dams were built by hand, so they were relatively very large. He added that the dam “it was ordered to be built by the king, and it was thus reflected on a tablet with hieroglyphics. More precisely, it was ordered to be made by Pudu-Hepa, the wife of King Hattushili III, and it was dedicated to the goddess Hepat”.
The teacher commented that the dam was the only one in the world (at the time), which was built both for irrigation and to supply the town with drinking water.
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