Mexican experts have entered for the first time a 1,500-year-old burial chamber Palenque, and they believe it contains the remains of one of the first rulers of this Mayan city, authorities said.
A multidisciplinary team from the National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH) began to explore the burial chamber that could contain the remains of K’uk B’alam I, who came to power in A.D. 431. Y founded the dynasty to which the famous Mayan ruler Pakal belonged.
The royal tomb, discovered 13 years ago inside the Temple 20 of this archaeological zone in the southern state of Chiapas, is at least two centuries older than Pakal's tomb, discovered 50 years ago on the same site, the INAH said in a statement.
“As for the dates, we are looking at the birth of the Palenque dynasty, around 400 AD, and we could be talking about this being the tomb of its founder”Stated archaeologist Arnoldo González, who together with restorer Rogelio Rivero, leads the project to open the burial site.
However, he warned that this is all speculation until archaeological exploration gets underway. “This space could simply be an antechamber, because we do not know what we will find below”, He expressed.
Inside of entrance to the tomb Bone remains, 11 ships and about 100 other pieces have been found, mostly large greenstone beads, possibly jade, and a kind of ring and pendant.
The chamber and antechamber of Temple 20 does not have a sarcophagus, at least not to the extent that it has been explored, but it does have a painted mural in bright shades of red on three of its sides, with representations of the Nine Lords of Xibalbá, or the underworld.
“What is important in the tombs of this time (Early Classic, 400 - 550 AD), is the painting. We are facing one of the few examples of wall paintings discovered in a Palenque funerary context, and that is why the work we are doing is important”, Expressed González.
Although the Temple 20 it evidently contains a large amount of archaeological wealth, both González and Rivero said that these will not be explored or recovered until the murals are stabilized.
Rivero commented that the emergency measures adopted to preserve the murals require at least three weeks and will consist of the fixation and consolidation of the pictorial layer, while a graphic and photographic record of the works is made.
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