Today, Friday, August 24, the northeastern Bulgarian city Isperih, celebrates 30 years since the sensational discovery of the Thracian tomb of Svechtari, included in the list of Cultural Historical Heritage of UNESCO.
The Thracian tomb of Svechtari It is one of the most important archaeological discoveries of the last 30 years in Bulgaria. Perfect in terms of architecture and surprising for its richness in sculptural ornaments as well as its vibrant colors.
Is a remarkable monument of Thracian art and one of the greatest sensations of ancient archeology in recent years.
This tomb was discovered in the year 1982 and is dated in the 3rd century BC, reflecting in it the most peculiar characteristics of Thracian religious constructions. The moment of its construction coincided with the period of greatest political, economic and cultural boom of the Thracian tribe of the Getas. The rich decoration and the perfection of the architecture of the tomb speak for themselves of the enormous political power of the ruler.
It consists of a passage (dromes) and three square chambers: chamber, ante-lateral chamber and main burial chamber covered by a semi-cylindrical vault. The building plan provides interesting examples of ancient Thracian building practices.
The decoration of the tomb it is executed in the spirit of contemporary Hellenistic architecture. Its entrance is flanked by two rectangular columns (antae) and above them is an architrave plate with a relief frieze consisting of stylized bovine heads, rosettes and garlands.
However, they are ten beautiful female figures with their hands up like caryatids those that arouse astonishment in visitors and researchers. They are approximately 1.20 meters tall and feature sleeveless long dresses (chtons) tied by a thin belt under the breasts, which are considered unique.
Two funeral beds, human bones and large offerings were discovered in the central chamber. From the stone details scattered in the tomb, it was possible to reconstruct the facade of the tomb (naiskos, consisting of pilasters, cornice and a pediment, all enclosed with three stone doors).
On the occasion of this anniversary, a project with archaeological volunteers called “Youth in Action - The European Thracian Past”. The project includes two volunteers from each country where the Thracians settled (Poland, Romania, Italy, Turkey, Azerbaijan, Armenia and Belarus), and from three outside volunteers who come from Japan, thanks to the collaboration of the Japanese ICI Foundation.
The Svechtari tomb It is part of the historical-archaeological reserve of “Sboryanovo”, which also includes the Thracian city of "Helis" and the Thracian sanctuary "Demir Baba TekeAlong with several smaller Thracian tombs.
Caryatids detail image: Martyr in Wikipedia
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