I must confess that at first, I had the intention of treating the issue of the origin of Christianity from a very different, or at least a more biased, perspective. I wanted to bring you closer to origin of christianity as splinter sect of Judaism and how through the centuries its multiple ramifications developed.
It will certainly be a topic that I will deal with one day. However, when I looked up from the screen, my gaze fell on a small piece of papyrus, a memory of the trip that an old friend made in her day to the land of ancient pharaohs and that has turned out to be a subtle wake-up call to reorient such a complex and controversial issue.
I must warn how I only intend a brief approach to the hypothesis and ideological background that exists behind the links between both religions, because the information that could be spilled in this regard would give to write several volumes.
I also do not want to enter value the similarities with other ancient religions such as Mesopotamia, there are. Although it is true that every religion borrows concepts and symbolism from previous ones, it is not my intention to delve into it, but to detail only those that occurred between the Christian and Egyptian religion.
There were numerous Egyptian gods in each city of Ancient Egypt, almost all of them characterized at first with forms zoomorphic. However, there was a continuous and progressive feeling of humanization, of identification of the divine with the human, for this reason with the passing of the centuries that purely animistic conception is abandoned to develop a iconography of anthropomorphic features with zoomorphic reminiscences in the heads of those divine beings (no doubt wanting to keep a certain distinguishing feature between the mortal and the divine).
Even with everything, the figure of a particular god emerged, one who did not possess any animal traits, the God Ptah, adored mainly in the city of Memphis, which curiously had in its days a significant focus of Hebrews among its streets. With this I intend to make you understand why certain verses of the Old Testament are, according to several theologians, influenced by Egyptian thought and ideology.
In reference to the figure of Jesus Christ there are many passages that are stated belong to Egyptian writings (like the Sermon on the Mount, or some miracles and parables).
It has also been wanted to see a certain relationship between the dogma of "love towards one's neighbor" with those of certain pharaohs of the stature of Akhenaten. The reason for this is found in the fact that the Jewish people, according to chronicles tell us, lived with the Egyptians for several centuries, as merchants and labor in Egyptian constructions.
Presumably at that time become impregnated with Egyptian culture and religion. Furthermore, the own Jesus He spent much of his childhood and adolescence in Egypt, when social and political circumstances forced him to flee his village in the company of his parents.
Jesus, according to the writings that have survived to this day, was not just another laborer or carpenter, as he belonged to the Jewish religious nobility, so he had access to scriptures and information that probably were not available to the common Hebrew people of those days, information that surely was influenced by a certain Egyptian component, assumed through the centuries.
In any case, Jesus toured much of Egypt and some say Kashmir, so the Egyptian ideological influence it must have been important. But there is more data than link Jesus to ancient Egyptian religion and specifically with one of the main gods of his pantheon, Horus.
Before citing these features, I must mention that in recent years they have tried to link both figures as a result of a controversial documentary of more than doubtful veracity, spreading authentic nonsense and unfounded ideas. The relationship between Horus and Jesus exists, but in no case are they the same character. It is only my intention to reflect how both legends share certain characters that could be adhered to to mythologize the life of Jesus based on that Egyptian influence that we are dealing with.
Jesus just like Horus, was born of a virgin mother and both were called "saviors”And shepherds of his people. Horus was also described as a converting god, who transmuted matter in the same way that the parables tell us of the same work in Jesus Christ. To the above we must add that Horus also dies and is resurrected in a time similar to that which the Gospels attribute to Jesus and many of his supposed miracles correspond between both figures, such as the resurrection of Lazarus.
In another order of things we have the trinity concept, which does not exist in Jewish culture but has a place in the different Egyptian triads
Although all the aforementioned so far are no more than simple snippets of the most evident links of Christianity with respect to the ancient Egyptian tradition, for reasons of space, not because there is not extensive information on the matter, I want to close this article with one last reflection .
Although currently the Egyptian religious scene is based on Muslim culture, the truth is that there was no direct leap between the ancient polytheistic religion and Islam. In fact, until the complete Arab domination of the year 640, there were other intermediate religions in Egypt, among them the Christian one.
The egyptian christianity apparently settled with tremendous ease in the society of the time, perhaps due to the strong links that existed between the ancient pharaonic religion and the then still primitive doctrine of Jesus, since many of its characters may be especially familiar and perhaps they explained in a new way certain points that to date had not quite fit together.