A few months ago We inform you that British researchers had founda reindeer carved into the wall of a cave in South Wales, and now it has been proven that it dates from at least 14,505 years, making it eThe oldest known rock art in the British Isles.
The engraving was discovered in September 2010 by George Nash from the Department of Anthropology at the University of Bristol while exploring the back of Cathole Cave, a limestone cave in the eastern part of the Inner Valley on the Gower Peninsula in South Wales.
Found in the back of a cave in a vertical limestone niche, the deer engraved (probably a stylized reindeer) is shown sideways and measures approximately 15 × 11 centimeters. It was engraved using a pointed tool, probably made of flint, by an artist using his right hand. The elongated torso of the animal has been padded with irregularly spaced vertical and diagonal lines, while the legs and horns are made of simple lines.
The reindeer was etched in a mineral deposit known as'speleothems’(Cave formation) that developed over a large chunk of limestone. A variable stone deposit extends over the left side of the figure (covered speleothem) that extends through the area of the animal's mouth and the antlers.
In April 2011, Peter van Calsteren and Louise Thomas of the NERC-Open University Uranium Series Fund extracted three samples from the surface of the speleothem covering the engraving. One of these samples produced a minimum date of 12,572 years ago, with a margin of about 600 years. Another sample, taken in June 2011 from the same variable stone deposit, revealed a minimum date of 14,505 years ago, 560 years up or down.
Nash says: “The earliest age is comparable to the uranium dating of the variable stone covering the carved figures in the Hole Church Cave in Creswell along the Nottinghamshire / Derbyshire border. However, a new minimum dating of 14,505 + 560 years makes the reindeer recorded in South Wales the oldest rock art in the British Isles, if not in North West Europe”.
With a degree in Journalism and Audiovisual Communication, since I was a child I have been attracted to the world of information and audiovisual production. Passion for informing and being informed of what is happening in every corner of the planet. Likewise, I am pleased to be part of the creation of an audiovisual product that will later entertain or inform people. My interests include cinema, photography, the environment and, above all, history. I consider it essential to know the origin of things to know where we come from and where we are going. Special interest in curiosities, mysteries and anecdotal events in our history.