Researchers have found evidence to prove that agriculture took place in Korea 5,000 years ago. The National Cultural Heritage Research Institute said Tuesday that archaeologists presume they are the earliest Neolithic remains from East Asia from agricultural fields found in the north of the province.
The discovery in Goseong, Gangwon Province, reveals that prehistoric people who lived on the Korean Peninsula began to farm during the neolithic period. The institute is affiliated with the Cultural Heritage Administration, under the Ministry of Culture, Tourism and Sports.
Two layers of neolithic fields dating from the 3,600-3,000 BC during the press conference on Tuesday. Previously, the oldest agricultural field located in Korea dated back to the Bronze Age(1,500-400 BC).
“There has been a presumption that agricultural fields could have existed on the peninsula during the period based on stone tools related to agriculture and charred grains found among the remains, but the recent find is the first discovery to support this presumption.”, says an official of the institution. “Not much evidence has yet been found in China or Japan”.
The researchers found pottery and a stone arrowhead in the countryside.
In China, it is believed that agriculture began during the early Neolithic period, but still no evidence has been discovered confirm it.
“The latest find allows for a more detailed study of Neolithic agriculture in Korea. Despite scientific analyzes of the soil, we will be able to learn more thanks to the exact age of the field and the type of crops that were grown in the place”, says the official.
Goseong, 466 kilometers east of Seoul, is a important location for researchers of prehistory in East Asia.
The field unveiled on Tuesday is located in Munam-ri, Goseong, which was previously designated by the government as a historic site after some were found Neolithic objects in 1998. In 2002, researchers discovered prehistoric pottery, jade earrings as well as other objects in the area.
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