Karl Liebknecht biography

Karl Liebknecht biography

Karl Liebknecht He was one of the founders of the German Communist Party (KPD). Although at first he was a member of the Socialists, he opted for more extreme tendencies because of the First World War and the warmongering that the German government was displaying.

He was born on August 13, 1871 in Leizpig, being the son of one of the co-founders of the German Social Democratic Party (SPD). Due to the political inclination that his father defended, he had to spend his childhood without a father figure, since he was imprisoned for belonging to the SPD. This left young Karl and his family completely helpless, as they had to live in squalor.

Although he was unable to access an elemental formation as such, Liebknecht he learned on his own and participated in the socialist movement from a young age. That is why the party paid for his university studies in Law and Economics. After completing his studies, he did the corresponding military service and began to work as a lawyer in Westphalia. One of his most notorious cases was the defense of a group of peasants who were being prosecuted for having tried to implant communism in German lands.

In 1907, Liebknecht founded in Stuttgart the “International Union of Youth Socialist Organizations"And published his work entitled"Militarism and antimilitarism”, Which cost him a time in prison. While imprisoned, Liebknecht won a seat to represent the extreme socialist left in the Prussian chamber in 1908. This personal victory in the political arena was endorsed when he was elected deputy in the Reichstag in 1912, where he voted against war credits.

The outbreak of World War I led him to the front, where he served as an undertaker for the deceased German soldiers. The trauma caused by this experience caused him to be sent back to the capital, where he met Rosa Luxembourg and Clara Zetkin, with whom he founded the Spartacist League in 1916, a movement from which the German Communist Party emerged.

Liebknecht was expelled from the SPD and went arrested that same year with Rosa Luxemburg for participating in an anti-war demonstration. The consequence is that he was convicted of having practiced a crime of high treason and imprisoned until the end of the war. In January 1919, he led a spartacist insurrection who intended to overthrow the President of the Weimar Republic, Friedrich Ebert. However, during clashes with the police, he was arrested and killed during transfer to prison.

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Passionate about History, he has a degree in Journalism and Audiovisual Communication. Since he was little he loved History and ended up exploring the 18th, 19th and 20th centuries above all.

Video: Rosa Luxemburg and the 1918 German Revolution