Joachim von Ribbentrop was the politician who orchestrated the expansion of the German III Reich in the 20th century. His hidden pacts were what they made break out WWII and, in addition, he was responsible for many Jews living in countries like Italy or Poland being killed.
He was born on April 30, 1893 in Wesel (Germany) into a family with great purchasing power. Thanks to the financial potential of his parents, Ribbentrop attended private schools in Germany and Switzerland. His career began in 1910 in Canada, where he worked as a wine merchant.
The outbreak of the First World War brought him back to Germany, where he joined the army. Ribbentrop's first mission was the campaign on Constantinople, which earned him an Iron Cross of Military Merit and promotion to lieutenant. The rest of the war was spent on the eastern front until it ended in 1918. Although many of the combatants were forever marked, Ribbentrop he resumed his business activities and stayed out of politics.
This changed, however, in 1930. That year, he met Adolf hitler and shortly after he joined the National Socialist German Workers Party (NSDAP). Although he was initially friends with Franz von Papen, Ribbentrop radically changed and supported the Nazi leader. This change made Goebbels considered him disloyal, which forced him to try to win the Führer's sympathy in any case.
Between 1933 and 1935, Ribbentrop traveled throughout Europe trying to buy time against the Allies so that the Germans could rearm their army. The campaign was a success, because reached a naval agreement with Great Britain and the signing of an Anti-Comintern pact in 1936. In that year his policy turned upside down, since it led the Germans to move away from the Chinese, in favor of the Japanese.
In 1936, Hitler appointed Ribbentrop ambassador to Great Britain to get a German-British alliance. However, the English were suspicious of his intentions and the German mission failed. But this did not stop the rise of Ribbentrop, since on February 4, 1938 he was promoted to Minister of Foreign Affairs.
His mandate at the head of the German foreign policy it was characterized essentially by the warmongering that it employed in its threats to Great Britain and France. He especially highlighted the pact he made with the Soviet Union, baptized as Molotov-Ribbentrop, which ensured the neutrality of Russia in a possible European war. In addition, thanks to him, the tripartite pact that gave shape to the Rome-Berlin Axis was formed. But their contributions stayed there, since the World War II advance it relegated him to merely bureaucratic positions.
On June 15, 1945, Ribbentrop was arrested in Hamburg by the British Army. He was tried in Nuremberg and the sentence dictated that he should be executed for having perpetrated war crimes, crimes against peace and genocide. Thus, on October 16, 1946, he was hanged in Nuremberg, being the first Nazi leader to be convicted.
Passionate about History, he has a degree in Journalism and Audiovisual Communication. Since he was little he loved History and ended up exploring the 18th, 19th and 20th centuries above all.