Researchers have begun unveil the genetic heritage of Ethiopian populations that, according to the studies that have been carried out to date, it is one of the most diverse in the world. Experts have found that the Ethiopian genome has similarities to that of the inhabitants of Israel and Syria, due to the legacy of the Queen of Sheba and her companions.
The team has detected a mixture dating back roughly 3,000 years that occurred between some Ethiopians and certain non-African populations. The date would fit with the famous legend of the Queen of Sheba, who, according to the Ethiopian book Kebra Nagast, would have had a son with him. King Solomon of Israel.
Ethiopia is located in the horn of Africa and it is usually considered one of Africa's gateways to the rest of the world. The region has the largest fossil record in human history, so the study of the genetics of this area could facilitate the understanding of the origin of the first humans.
One of the study's authors and a member of the University of Cambridge, Luca pagani, Explain: "Based on geographic location, it stands to reason that migration out of Africa around 60,000 years ago started in Ethiopia or Egypt. Little was previously known about the genome of the tribes that inhabited North Africa. We wanted to compare the genome of Ethiopians with other Africans to offer an essential piece of the global genetic puzzle”.
The result of Pagini's team's analysis suggests that the Ethiopian genome is not as old as previously believed and it had links to other populations: “We have found that the genetic makeup of some Ethiopians is 40-50% closer to that of people from outside Africa”Says Dr. Toomas Kivisild, co-author of the study and member of the University of Cambridge.
Another of the research participants, the Dr. Chris Tyler-Smith, comments: "Our research offers insights on important evolutionary questions. We see traces of historical events above others much older that, together, form a region rich in culture and genetic diversity. The next step in our research has to be the sequencing of entire genomes, rather than reading individual fragments. So we can really understand human origins and migration from outside Africa”.
Passionate about History, he has a degree in Journalism and Audiovisual Communication. Since he was little he loved History and ended up exploring the 18th, 19th and 20th centuries above all.