Friedrich Engels biography

Friedrich Engels biography

Friedrich Engels was, along with Karl Marx, one of the creators of the Communist Manifesto and, therefore, of the corresponding ideological movement. His theories were based on what he had experienced around him and laid the foundations for later work. Although many remember him with the co-author who accompanied Marx, was in charge of definitively establishing the social democracy in Germany.

He was born on November 28, 1820 in Barmen (Prussia) into a wealthy bourgeois family. At first, everything indicated that he was going to follow the path of his family, but his time at the University of Berlin as a student of Philosophy changed everything. Engels participated in the meetings of the Hegelians of the left, who advocated the destruction of traditional religion and the feudal state existing in Prussia.

In 1842, he temporarily went to Manchester where he worked in his father's manufactory. There he carried out a survey on the effects of capitalism on the English proletariat entitled "The situation of the working classes in England." Two years later, he moved to Paris, where he met the person who would change his life: Karl Marx. They soon began a close friendship and collaborated in numerous works that led them to be an essential part of the workers' organizations in Paris and Brussels. Among the most outstanding works that both authors carried out stand out “The Holy Family"In 1845,"German ideology"And" The Manifesto of the Communist Party. "

Engels took part in the congress of the so-called “League of the righteous"Which he transformed into the"League of Communists”In June 1847 in London. A year later, he took part in the German insurrection that ended in failure. The philosopher explained this disappointment in "Revolution and counterrevolution in Germany”, A text that was published in 1852.

Seeing that the situation on the continent was relatively adverse, he returned to Manchester and directed his father's textile manufacture. The income you earned was used to help Marx financially and his family so that they could emigrate to London and avoid persecution from the mainland police. This daily experience with the working world allowed Engels to analyze in depth the forms of development of the capitalist producing world.

The results of this learning he shared with Marx, who used them in “Capital”. This masterpiece would later be completed by Engels by publishing the second and third volumes, in whose forewords he explained historically-scientifically the profound theoretical revolution operated by Marx.

In the past, Engels had already published articles on the situation of the workers' parties, the agricultural situation and the colonial wars. But his collaboration in the "New American Cyclopaedia”, In which he worked in these fields, made him a follower of Clausewitz and a precursor of Lenin and of Mao Tse-Tung. It was around that time that he wrote the “Anti-Dührin" Y "Dialectic of nature", A work that took him about ten years and that he published in 1883. A year later, it came to light"The origin of the family, private property and the state”, An essay in which Engels studied the modifications exerted by the relations of production in the forms of kinship between human beings.

The death of Marx he raised him as the sole guarantor of the flourishing social democracy in Germany and France. He kept this job until, finally, he passed away on August 5, 1895 in London.

Passionate about History, he has a degree in Journalism and Audiovisual Communication. Since he was little he loved History and ended up exploring the 18th, 19th and 20th centuries above all.


Video: How did Friedrich Engels redefine history? World History Curriculum Sample