Rosa Luxembourg It was a German revolutionary that he started working in the German Social Democratic Party (SPD) and that he instigated the communist movements in Central Europe. His opposition to the belligerent policy of members of the SPD and the II German Reich it cost her to be imprisoned on numerous occasions.
She was born on March 5, 1871 in Zamosc (Poland) into a Jewish family but came to the world with a growth defect that forced her to be bedridden for a time and left her with a permanent limp. In 1880, she attended a girls' institute in Warsaw, where he joined the leftist polish party “Proletariat”. Seven years later, she prominently finished her high school studies but fled to Switzerland in 1889 to avoid arrest. Luxembourg enrolled at the University of Zurich and began studying philosophy, history, politics, economics and mathematics, but his specialization was in the theory of the state, the Middle Ages, economic crises.
In 1898, he entered the German Social Democratic Party (SPD) that had been legalized a short time ago. She was the only one of all who remained firm in her Marxist principles, which is why, from 1906, she held together with Karl Liebknecht important positions in the party leadership. In this period, Luxembourg founded the Social Democratic Party of the Kingdom of Poland and opened a newspaper called “The cause of the workers”, In which he denied the right of self-determination of nations under socialism. Thanks to your marriage to Gustav Lübeck, obtained German citizenship and moved to Berlin. It was there that he made his greatest contributions and actively participated in German politics.
Between 1904 and 1906, Luxembourg was imprisoned for political reasons, since it always manifested itself against imperialism and wars against other powers, one of the policies most defended by the SPD. He also dedicated his time to teaching future members of the party, among which he especially stands out Friedrich Ebert, future president of the Weimar Republic and, curiously, the leader who gave the order to arrest the insurgent Communists after the Big war.
In 1913, Luxembourg published his main work: “The accumulation of capital”. In this book, as in the rest of his works, he made important contributions to Marxism, especially related to imperialism and the general strike theory. Although she had a revolutionary spirit and was critical of violence, she was always in favor of strikes. In fact, the maximum tensions that arose between the SPD and her were in 1914, when she organized demonstrations and strikes in favor of conscientious objection so that the soldiers would desert and thus be able to avoid war.
The consequence was that she was imprisoned between 1915 and 1918 to avoid future insurrection problems. During this period he wrote, together with other members of the party, the so-called “Spartacus Cards”, Which were pamphlets opposing the warfare signed with the name of the mythical Thracian gladiator. These texts ended up being the foundations of the Spartacist movement, also known as "Spartacist League”.
Luxembourg He also wrote several essays on the danger of the Bolshevik revolution ending in dictatorship but, even so, he participated in the founding of the German Communist Party. After the defeat of Germany in the First World War, he advocated participating in the Assembly that would be created with the Weimar RepublicBut his fellow party members decided to organize an insurrectionary movement. This was the undoing of the German leader, as she was captured and murdered by the Freikorps on January 15, 1919 in Berlin.
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Passionate about History, he has a degree in Journalism and Audiovisual Communication. Since he was a child he loved history and ended up exploring the 18th, 19th and 20th centuries above all.