Charles Fossey was the first to discover the remains of the ancient city of Ectabana in 1913. The city was once the capital of the Medes, known by all and highly respected. Own Herodotus wrote: "The Medes built the city of Ectabana, whose walls are of great size and strength, rising in circles one within the other”. The excavations were happening rapidly thereafter in India. Soon the cities of Amarna and Susa were found.
The American Archaeologist SpoonerThanks to his knowledge of Sanskrit, he was called upon by the British Archaeological Research Team in India to excavate a site in the vicinity of Kumhrar in Patna in 1912. The researcher marveled at the discover the ancient capital of the Maurya, so he kept digging frantically for the next three years.
The result was that he found a large amount of information about the greatness and the way of being of the people who inhabited that area since 490 BC. until disappearance of the Mauryan Empire. The city, called Pataliputra, was fortified in that year and was the capital of India for more than a millennium, during which time it adopted several names: Kusumpura, Palibothra and Pushpapur.
The Pataliputra ruins, after being buried for about two millennia, were first able to see sunlight between 1912 and 1915, when the British Archaeological Research Team in India discovered 72 pillars belonging to the great city. In 1951, the historian ACE. Altekar found 8 more pillars and explained that “they were probably the first large stone pillars built by the architects of India”.
The researchers established that the 80 columns were arranged in a large hall in rows of 10 from east to west and 8 from north to south. The pillars were made of sandstone mined from Chunar and each stood 4.57 meters from the other. They were huge monoliths 9.75 meters high and had a lustrous shine, very typical of the architectural style of the Maurya. Both the floor and the ceiling of the room were made of wood.
Today, the great hall cannot be fully seen as it is buried underground, revealing only one of the columns. But to get around this setback, a model of the hall was created in 2004 and made available to the public along with other objects discovered during excavations.
Outside of Pataliputra, Spooner also found Bulandibagh. But it was not until its re-excavation in 1926, when J.A. Page and M. Ghosh they discovered an east-west wooden structure very similar to the one in the other city. It was a wall made of heavy wooden sleepers placed vertically in a double row, as well as sleepers that were attached to the sleepers horizontally at the bottom.
Researchers think it is a part of the wooden palisade seen by the historian and ambassador of Seleuco Nicator, Megasthenes, who wrote in his «Indicates" what Pataliputra was large but narrow, with the shape of a parallelogram.
Passionate about History, he has a degree in Journalism and Audiovisual Communication. Since he was little he loved history and ended up exploring the 18th, 19th and 20th centuries above all.