Aleksandr Vasílievich Suvorov He is a Russian historical figure who had a great impact on the military history of his country. His successes on the battlefield earned him the nickname "the invincible general”.
He did not lose any battle and managed to beat fierce rivals. His courage, bravery and brilliance went down in the annals of Russian military historyIn such a way that even the Soviets positioned him as one of the great defenders of the Russian nation.
Suvorov was born on November 24, 1729 in Moscow in the bosom of a noble family from the Novgorod region. This aristocratic family tradition made him join the army as a child.
He served in the fight against the Swedes in Finland and against the Prussians during the Seven Years War. In both conflicts, he was able to stand out for his military brilliance, his discipline and his ability to command the troops.
That was the reason why they made him colonel in 1762, starting a spectacular military career.
With the new rank, Poland was transferred to him during the Confederation of Bar. Again he demonstrated his quality as a military man by dispersing the Polish forces that had risen up. In 1768, Suvorov attacked Krakow and his successes led him to be proclaimed Major General.
The Russian High Command was very happy with the work he was doing, so they chose him to participate in the Russo-Turkish war between 1768 and 1774. The campaign was a real triumph for Suvorov, who focused all the attention on himself during the battle of Kozludsí and secured a reputation for invincibility.
In 1775, the Russian government decided to send him to the front in Crimea and the Caucasus. There he reached the rank of general in 1783 and, just five years later, he was again sent to fight against the Turks.
Aleksandr Suvorov: Count of the Holy Roman Empire
On this occasion, although Suvorov achieved a large number of victories, he was wounded twice at Kínburn. His success in this contest made his own Tsarina Catherine II granted him the title of Count of the Holy Roman Empire.
After peace with Turkey, he was assigned to Poland. His mission was to take command of a contingent fighting in the Battle of Maciejowice. The result was devastatingNot only did he win, but he captured the head of the Polish insurrection, Tadeusz Kościuszko.
But nevertheless, the rest of the campaign in Poland was not so pleasant. Suvorov's troops made the call "Warsaw Massacre”, Where they killed many civilians before the impotence of the general.
Little by little, Warsaw was falling until it finally signed the armistice. This triumph returned to bring him great benefits, as the tsarina appointed him field marshal.
Retired by Pablo I
The fame of being an undefeated general brought him a great deal of respect, though after the death of Catherine II, he was fired by Paul I. Not only was he relegated from military duties, but he was also expelled from public life.
In this dark time Suvorov simply limited himself to criticizing the measures taken by the tsar. But everything changed when in 1799 he was summoned to participate in the fight against the French revolutionary armies in Italy.
During this second coalition, beat the gaulsBut he had to stop in Switzerland before the French victory over General Kórsakov in Zurich in 1799. The Austrians betrayed the Russians, so that Suvorov was completely isolated and surrounded in the Alps.
It was then that the veteran strategist devised a plan to save the troops and maintain victory: a retreat through the mountains. The climatic conditions were extremely adverse, but the Russian soldiers managed to withdraw successfully and not be defeated.
Due to this maneuver, Suvorov obtained the rank of "Generalissimo", a position they created especially for him.
But the war had damaged and worn him enough that on May 18, 1800, he died in Saint Petersburg at the age of 70..
He left behind a military symbol that would endure for centuries in the common consciousness of Russians. So much so that in 1942, an order of Suvorov was created in the USSR, making his name the symbol of the military tradition of ancient Russia.
Passionate about History, he has a degree in Journalism and Audiovisual Communication. Since he was little he loved history and ended up exploring the 18th, 19th and 20th centuries above all.