Viriato Biography

Viriato Biography

Thanks to the current television series, the historical character of Viriato is becoming a name recognized by most of the population. What did you do to make it so important?

It is not known for sure where or when was he bornIt could be both in the area of ​​Portugal and Spain. One of the first references to him is that He was part of the Lusitanian group who came in 150 BC in the presence of the Roman praetor Galba.

The latter had promised them fertile lands so that they could dedicate themselves to agriculture but, once gathered at the meeting place, Galba commanded his troops to kill them all, leaving only a small group of survivors. Among them was Viriatus, who was then a pastor.

From then on, he became the leader of the fight against Roman domination in Portuguese lands. One of his most acclaimed victories is the one he achieved defeat the praetor Gaius Vetilio. In 147 BC, he broke the Roman ranks and, together with a small army of followers, lured the Romans into an ambush where he defeated the praetor.

Thanks to this victory, he decided to take his fight to farther places, towards the plateau. There he faced and defeated Cayo Plaucio and Claudio Unimano. It even came to occupy Segóbriga. Faced with such defeats, Rome decided to act harshly and sent a much larger and more powerful army than those in Hispania at that time. The troops were under the command of the consul Fabio Máximo Emiliano. This one got defeat Viriato in 145 BC, so Viriato had to return to Lusitania.

With the Numancia war, Viriato took the opportunity to attack again thanks to the difficulties in which the Roman army was due to the harsh campaigns against the Celtiberians. Thus he defeated the praetor Quincio and advanced through the Betica province, but shortly after he had to flee again to Lusitania by the Roman advance.

Back in his land, in 141 BC he got defeat the Servillian Consul. So he got sign a peace treaty with Rome. However, Rome wanted to end both the Lusitanian and Celtiberian resistance, so soon after broke the peace. Thus he sent the consul Cepion with a new army to quell the riots. He negotiated with the Lusitanians and took the opportunity to bribe lieutenants of Viriato, Audax, Ditalcos and Minuros, so that they would assassinate him, promising them great fortunes.

They did not hesitate to accept and killed their leader in 139 BC. When they went to collect the reward, Cepión refused saying the famous phrase ‘Rome does not pay traitors'. With the death of the leader, the Lusitanian rebellion was losing force until finally Rome managed to conquer and consolidate in the territories of Hispania.

Images: Public domain

Graduated in Journalism and Audiovisual Communication, since I was little I have been attracted to the world of information and audiovisual production. Passion for informing and being informed of what is happening in every corner of the planet. Likewise, I am pleased to be part of the creation of an audiovisual product that will later entertain or inform people. My interests include cinema, photography, the environment and, above all, history. I consider it essential to know the origin of things to know where we come from and where we are going. Special interest in curiosities, mysteries and anecdotal events in our history.


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