Biography of Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk, the creator of Czechoslovakia

Biography of Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk, the creator of Czechoslovakia

Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk it was one of the fathers of the Czech nation. He was a politician who always defended the Czech nation and who was for 17 years at the head of the Czechoslovak government.

He was born on March 7, 1850 in Hodonín. The peculiarity that would mark him for the rest of his career is that his father was Slovak and his mother was Czech. This mixture would be one of the drivers that would help Masaryk to create the Czechoslovak nation. Since he was little he had a great passion for studies. So much so that he ended up studying Philosophy at the University of Vienna between 1872 and 1876.

After obtaining his Ph.D. in Philosophy, he spent two years at the University of Leizpig working as a professor. It was there that he met the American Charlota Garrigue, whom he married in 1878. In recognition of her, he began to use his second name as his own.

In 1878, Masaryk established himself in Vienna as a university professor thanks to his work “Suicide”. There he spent four years until the University of Prague made him an offer to collaborate with them. There he joined the young-Czech movement and defended his philosophical thought that started from Protestant theism. His work was always influenced by the great French thinkers and the Anglo-Americans.

Between 1891 and 1893, he was a member of the Austro-Hungarian Parliament, where he represented the young-Czech movement. But he soon decided to have his own party, so Masaryk founded the “Realistic Party”In 1900 and he was a deputy for Moravia in 1907. His political ideals went from being moderate to being nationalist and reformist.

Before the great war, published a series of works in which he criticized communism, absolutism, anti-Semitism and clericalism, focusing especially on the labor and social question that plagued the lower classes of the Empire at that time.

The outbreak of the First World War forced Masaryk into exile abroad, where he continued his fight against the Austrian government, in favor of Czech independence and the establishment of a democratic regime in Czechoslovakia. These actions led him to found the Czechoslovak Republic, of which he became president on November 14, 1918.

During his tenure, he had wide powers and controlled the country's political life until his resignation in 1935. He was not a dictator, but rather prevailed at the polls in 1920, 1927 and 1934. The newly formed country advanced satisfactorily but Masaryk had to resign on December 14, 1935 due to health problems.

Finally, on October 14, 1937 he died of an illness. Behind him he left several works, including “The social question"In 1898,"The new Europe"In 1918 and"Memories 1914-1918”In 1927. For the Czechs it is a icon of your nationalityAlthough during the communist era of the country, an attempt was made to completely eliminate its literary, architectural and political legacy.

Passionate about History, he has a degree in Journalism and Audiovisual Communication. Since he was a child he loved history and ended up exploring the 18th, 19th and 20th centuries above all.


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