Cavaignac biography

Cavaignac biography

Louis-Eugène Cavaignac He was a prominent French military and politician of the 19th century. Defender of republican ideas, he was sent to Algeria after the Revolution of 1830. There he stood out for his military brilliance until he became the governor of the province. With the arrival of the II French Republic, returned to Paris to quell the movements of the revolutionary workers and presented herself as the liberal alternative to Louis Napoleon in the elections of 1848.

He was born on October 15, 1802 in Paris into a family with a military tradition. His environment was clearly republican. His brother Godofredo fought for years against the monarchical oppression of the Bourbons. Louis-Eugène entered the army to occupy the post of engineer officer in 1824. The first battle in which he served was that of Morea in 1828, obtaining the rank of captain.

During the Revolution of 1830Cavaignac was stationed in Arras and was the first officer of his regiment to show his support for the new liberal government. Just a year later, he was pushed aside because of his fervent republican ideas. However, in 1832 they again required his services in the Algerian campaign, where he stood out especially. He spent 16 years in the African country, stationed in the Tlemcen garrison. During the attack on Cherchell in 1840, he guarded the port with great brilliance, so that he was promoted to general. Four years later, the Duke of Aumale took him to the rank of Field Marshal and entrusted him with the task of directing the various districts of Algerian territory.

The outbreak of the 1848 Revolution took him back to Paris. There they appointed him on March 20, 1848 Minister of War. Their task was to deal with the prolific mutinies of the workers. In the days of July, from 23 to 26, the workers protested the closure of the National Workshops and Cavaignac had to receive full powers and the position of Head of State of France to be able to repress them. His mandate basically focused on ending the different revolts, applying the most severe measures against the insurgents, such as, for example, the deportation of those arrested to Algeria. He also fell out with the Socialists, whom he blamed directly for the June uprisings.

Thinking that he could revalidate his mandate at the polls, Cavaignac stood for election. However, his opponent, Louis Napoleon Bonaparte He beat him by more than three and a half million votes. The reason is that the peasants did not sympathize with the liberal proposals and preferred the conservatism of Louis Napoleon.

During the short period that the Second Republic continued to operate, Cavaignac continued as representative but, after Louis Napoleon's coup, he was arrested along with other members of the opposition. However, Cavaignac's good relationship with the army led to his release. The last years of his life, he spent in Orne with his wife until her death on October 28, 1857.

Passionate about History, he has a degree in Journalism and Audiovisual Communication. Since he was little he loved History and ended up exploring the 18th, 19th and 20th centuries above all.


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