The outbreak of the Revolution of 1848 in France

The outbreak of the Revolution of 1848 in France

As already happened in July 1830, Paris became the revolutionary epicenter of Europe in February 1848. These were very simple events that gave enormous scope to the other liberal movements in Europe.

After the July Revolution, the French had a bourgeois monarchy that was governed under a new Charter established in 1830. It was a much more liberal regulation, which expanded the electoral regime and abolished the hereditary character of the Peers. The fundamental ideals of this new government were the maintenance of internal order, preferential attention to the economy, disinterest in social problems and the search for peace and understanding with the outside world. It was a period in which the bourgeoisie was the most benefited from all this policy.

The French parliament was divided into many parties. On the one hand, the conservatives and liberals, who supported the monarchical solution. On the other, the Legitimists, the Republicans and the Bonapartists, who had Louis Napoleon as their leader.

But what really unleashed the revolts was a propaganda campaign by opponents of the bourgeois monarchy. Between July 8 and December 25, 1847, 70 banquets were held throughout France by radicals and democrats to demand freedom of assembly and expression, as well as an electoral reform that would eradicate census suffrage in favor of suffrage universal. Organizers devised a new banquet for February 22, but Prime Minister Guizot forbade it. From the republican newspaper Le National, Armand Marrast appealed to citizens to take to the streets to protest these violations of freedom.

This manifesto was key to the mobilizations that took place in the Plaza de la Concordia, where more reforms were called for. On February 23, the demonstrations continued, but this time they had a more radical component. Barricades were erected throughout Paris and the National Guard joined the hotheads. The monarch, fearing a great revolt, he chose to remove Guizot. However, it was too late. The troop had shot and wounded fifty people, including two women. The Revolution of 1848 was underway.

Little by little all the royalist forts fell. Louis Philippe he intended to abdicate his grandson, but popular pressure led him to adopt the republican formula. So, On February 25, 1848, the Second French Republic was proclaimed and lit the revolutionary fuse of the rest of European countries, being the beginning of a time of generalized changes throughout the continent.

Passionate about History, he has a degree in Journalism and Audiovisual Communication. Since he was little he loved history and ended up exploring the 18th, 19th and 20th centuries above all.

Video: The Revolutions of 1848 AP European History