Edward Hopper was an American painter who was world renowned for his portraits of loneliness in contemporary life. Nowadays (and until September 16), the Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum, in collaboration with other great artistic institutes, has presented a huge exhibition over all his work.
Hopper was born on July 22, 1882 in Nyack (United States), a small town located in the Hudson River basin, in the bosom of a bourgeois family. This well-off situation allowed him to have a very complete education in the New York School of Art, where he met several renowned artists. Some of his teachers helped him to train as an artist, seeing that he had great potential.
William Merrit Chase encouraged him to study and copy everything he saw in museums. In this way, you would expand your knowledge and technique. Kenneth H. MillerOn the other hand, it strengthened Hopper's mentality with respect to a sharp and clean painting, which ended up reverting to the organization that the young painter made of his works, where an ordered spatial composition occurs. And finally, the most important of all: Robert Henri. Under its influence, the young Hopper managed to free himself from the academic rules of the time and work as an apprentice in his workshop.
Once licensed, Hopper got a job as an advertising illustrator, but put it aside to travel the world. In 1906, he traveled to Europe, specifically to Paris, where he learned impressionist techniques first-hand. But it was not until his second visit to the French capital in 1909 that he began to forge his own style, formed by precise expressive choices.
Usually, his painting was characterized by the curious play of light and shadow that he made, because of the way he described the interiors and, most importantly, because of the recurring theme of his works: the solitude of contemporary life. All these things he learned in his travels in Europe.
When the time comes, decided to return to his country, where he was established to capture the daily life of his compatriots. It was a time when his paintings of urban imagery depictions of New York and the cliffs of New England were the most prolific.
Between 1915 and 1923, Hopper distanced himself from painting and tried to experiment with new expressive forms such as engraving. This change led to great recognition and awards, including from the prestigious National Academy.
For the rest of the century until his death in 1967, remained faithful to his careful style of composition. The theme of loneliness and everyday American life was always present in his work, which was recognized in his lifetime by the Museum of Modern Art in New York in 1933 and by the Whitney Museum in 1950.
Passionate about History, he has a degree in Journalism and Audiovisual Communication. Since he was little he loved history and ended up exploring the 18th, 19th and 20th centuries above all.