Luis Antonio de Borbón, better known as the Duke of Angouleme, was the leader of the Hundred Thousand Sons of St. Louis, the army that ended the liberal government of Spain that had been established after the uprising of General Riego in 1820.
He was the heir to Carlos X but did not come to power due to Paris revolutions of 1830.
He was born on August 6, 1775 in Versailles, being the son of Carlos Felipe de Borbón, the future king charles x.
The revolution caused him to have to leave the country with his parents in 1789, which is why he spent much of his life in exile. It was there that in 1799 he married his cousin María Teresa, daughter of Louis XVI, from whom he had no descendants, but with whom he raised his nephew Enrique de Artois as a son.
In 1815, he tried to revolt the Midi against Napoleon. The fall of the emperor and the beginning of the Restoration a few years later allowed him to return, along with his entire family, to France.
The return of the Bourbons to the Gallic country culminated with the ascent to the throne of his uncle Luis XVIII.
The Duke of Angouleme was a cousin of Ferdinand VII of Spain, so when he went to Verona Congress On November 22, 1822, he offered to help him. Luis Antonio led the army of the Hundred Thousand Sons of San Luis that invaded Spain from the north.
Little by little, all the cities fell without really presenting much military opposition. But the situation was complicated in the battle of Trocadero (Cádiz), where there was a great confrontation between the Spanish liberals and the Duke of Angouleme, who was victorious in the combat.
This success was a remarkable victory for the absolutists, who produced the Puerto de Santa María manifesto in October 1825.
Duke of Angouleme: Dolphin of France
In the course of the invasion of Spain, Charles X had become the new king of the Gallic country on September 16, 1824.
This gave Luis Antonio the title of Dauphin of France and heir to the crown. His joy would not last long, as the revolutions of 1830 deposed the absolutist monarch and his entire family.
The Duke of Angouleme abdicated in favor of Enrique de Artois but ended up leaving with the entire royal family into exile.
Finished dying in 1844 in Gorizia, away from politics and public life.
Passionate about History, he has a degree in Journalism and Audiovisual Communication. Since he was a child he loved history and ended up exploring the 18th, 19th and 20th centuries above all.