Biography of Adolphe Thiers

Biography of Adolphe Thiers

Adolphe thiers was a French politician who stood out especially with the arrival of Louis Philip I to the power. It was a firm defender of liberalism, although in its most conservative form, that is, through the parliamentary monarchy. However, after the fall of Napoleon III, became the first President of the III French Republic.

He was born on April 15, 1797 in Marseille (France) into a middle-class family. His education was quite comprehensive, as he first entered the Lycée de Marseille and later the Faculty of Law in Aix-en-Provence. However, the law was not his passion, but literature, to the point that he received an academic award for a speech he wrote on the Marquis de Vauvenargues.

Thiers He satisfied this vocation of writing from 1821, when he began to work as editor of the newspaper “Constitutionnel"In Paris and began to write his famous work"Histoire de la revolution française", Which would be published between 1823 and 1827.

However, Thiers' contribution to French history was not limited exclusively to great historical works, but his participation in the revolution of 1830 enlarged his figure. With other writers, he founded the newspaper “The National”In 1830. When Carlos X he launched the July ordinances prohibiting freedom of the press, he took to the streets against the French government. Thiers was not a Republican at that time, but wanted to have a government with a much more liberal monarch. His ideal candidate was Louis Philip I.

During the first months of the reign of Louis Philip I, Thiers was elected deputy for Aix. He was a staunch defender of the bourgeois monarchy and served as head of the center-left. However, the disorders of 1832 caused him to change towards a more conservative mentality, which made possible his appointment as Minister of the Interior. From this moment, Thiers stayed in government for four years, changing portfolio and reaching the positions of President of the Council and Prime Minister.

Set apart by the coup of 1851, he finished his monumental work "History of the consulate and the empire”, In which he worked from 1845 to 1862. In 1863, Thiers was elected deputy of a Parisian district, from where clearly positioned himself against the Empire. Three years later, he claimed from the Empire the "necessary freedoms" and openly opposed the Franco-Prussian War of 1870.

This opposition led him to victory that raised him to the position of head of the executive power (Republic President) in 1871. Thiers had considerable powers which he used to end the war with Prussia through the Treaty of Frankfurt and crush the Paris Commune, where between 30,000 and 100,000 workers died. Thanks to his efforts, France rebuilt itself. However, many of his measures were criticized by his own and others. In 1873, the French parliament chose to revoke and limit the powers of its president, who ended up resigning on May 24.

Since then, Thiers stayed out of politics and ended up dying on September 3, 1877 in Saint-Germain-en-Laye.

Passionate about History, he has a degree in Journalism and Audiovisual Communication. Since he was a child he loved history and ended up exploring the 18th, 19th and 20th centuries above all.


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