The Revolution of 1830 in France left a substantial change: the Bourbons disappeared forever. Instead, it appeared Luis Felipe I (Luis Felipe de Orleans), a king chosen by the liberals to lead the parliamentary monarchy.
Luis Philip was the last king of France, since the Gallic country was never again a kingdom, not even under Napoleon III.
Biography of Luis Felipe I
Louis Philippe I was born in Paris on October 6, 1773. His father was Felipe José, Duke of Orleans, also known as “Felipe Equality”For their inclinations in favor of the revolutionaries.
These liberal views were passed on to his son, who grew up in a cosmopolitan environment where new ideas triumphed.
In 1790, Luis Felipe joined the Jacobin club. As a military man he participated in the battles of Valmy and Jemmapes in 1792, but deserted after the defeat of Neerwinden on March 18, 1793.
From here, he toured several countries and explored the world until 1809 he married María Amelia, daughter of the King of the Two Sicilies, Ferdinand I.
In 1814, Luis Felipe returned to Paris and devoted himself to managing his fortune. He put politics aside to focus on fixing business and the affairs that still hung about when he left the country in 1793.
But Napoleon's return during the Hundred Days caused him to be exiled again, so he had to stay out of France between 1815 and 1817.
The Restoration it was not a political advance for Luis Felipe, who was removed from court. This fact, together with his paternal inheritance, led him to maintain political relations with liberal leaders, who, in July 1830, brought him to power.
Coronation and reign of Luis Felipe I
He was crowned king of France after the Revolution of 1830 and the Constitution granted him the position thanks to the principle of national sovereignty. The rest of the absolutist countries saw it as something completely out of place, which is why they christened it "the king of the barricades”.
At the head of the government, he was reserved and prudent and showed a great attachment to power.
It had the social support of the bourgeoisie and the benefit of an expansive economic cycle.
However, little by little he leaned on the party of the monarchical resistance and, from 1840, in Guizot.
In foreign policy, he began by approaching Great Britain, due to the fear that the insular ones would initiate any type of conflict.
That is why he signed the "first cordial entente”(1840-46), which put an end to the Franco-British rivalry in the Mediterranean and in Spain.
Luis Felipe then began an approach to Vienna so that his reign was better valued by authoritarian countries.
The end of the last king of France
The last months of his reign were characterized by the general crisis that plagued the country.
It was a financial, economic, political and moral crisis, which was exacerbated by the recklessness of the king himself, who could not see the danger that his dynasty was running under the Guizot's ultra-conservative policy.
The outbreak of the 1848 Revolution it caused Luis Felipe to abdicate in favor of his grandson, the Count of Paris, who did not become king.
The monarch took refuge in Great Britain and died just two years later, being the last crowned king in France.
Passionate about History, he has a degree in Journalism and Audiovisual Communication. Since he was a child he loved history and ended up exploring the 18th, 19th and 20th centuries above all.