Causes of the Revolutions of 1830

Causes of the Revolutions of 1830

In 1830 a revolution broke out again in the same place where the previous century began: in Paris. The bourgeois classes had been conquering positions and demanding greater participation in political decisions. On the one hand, the absolutist political organization scheme that was proposed in the Congress of Vienna was ignored by some countries that enjoyed a liberal parliamentary monarchy. On the other, some social movements like socialism. In any case, although they were revolutions that did not quite triumph, they were the first step towards Great Revolutions of 1848.

The political homogeneity that was imposed in the Congress of Vienna it would be broken after revolutions of 1830. The ideological political foundation that sustained these movements was liberalism, nationalism and romanticism. However, it was not the same for all of Europe. The only countries where a Restoration bankruptcy actually occurred were Great Britain, France, Spain, and Portugal. In the rest there was only a softening of the prevailing absolutism in their governments.

The international scheme was very diverse. The priority was domestic politics, so nations progressed towards democracy or absolutism in complete isolation. The call "Congress Europe”Was completely out of date and it was only important to focus on the government of the country itself.

The nationalist agitations spread like wildfire throughout the continent, until they reached the Netherlands and Poland. It is in this nation where young people and intellectuals demanded the independence of their country, which was divided between several European powers. The Netherlands, for its part, was mired in an economic and dual identity problem: the Belgian Catholics wanted to separate from the Protestant Dutch.

In any case, there is no single and clear explanation of what were the causes that prompted the Revolutions of 1830. There are authors who point out that it could be a plot, since they all exploded in a very similar way. But the truth is that there were reasons among the population to be unhappy with the situation. The bourgeoisie wanted to hold political power, while misery took hold of the absolute nations. Liberalism and nationalisms they were the ones who moved the social mass to demand changes.

Be that as it may, it was a revolution that was not simultaneous throughout Europe. It first erupted in July 1830 in France, then in August in Belgium, and in November in Poland. But it would not reach the rest of the nations until 1832.

Passionate about History, he has a degree in Journalism and Audiovisual Communication. Since he was little he loved history and ended up exploring the 18th, 19th and 20th centuries above all.

Video: The July Revolution of 1830