The Seven Weeks war

The Seven Weeks war

The seven week war, also known as the Austro-Prussian WarIt was one of the three great conflicts that made up the unification of the Germanic territories. It had great negative consequences for the Austrian Empire and placed Prussia at the head of the Germanic kingdoms.

Behind the war of the duchies, the Chancellor of Prussia, Otto von Bismarck, had the doubt of whether his army would be enough to impose himself militarily in the German Confederation and unseat the Austrians at the head of the group. Once he had evidence that the troops led by Moltke They were extremely superior to those of the rest of kingdoms and principalities, he took advantage of the disputes over reciprocal rights over the duchies to exclude Austria from the Confederacy. In order not to be helpless, Bismarck had the Napoleon III neutrality and with a military alliance with the kingdom of Piedmont.

This action was not to the liking of the Austrian emperor, who accused Prussia of violating Gastein's agreements with the proposition of the Federal Constitution and the exclusion in German affairs of the Habsburg Empire. The measures involved a declaration of war against Prussia by Austria and the League of Four Kings, formed by Bavaria, Saxony, Württemberg, and Hannover, in 1866.

In reality, the campaign was very short and had two scenarios: Germany and Piedmont. In the German lands, Moltke's army easily defeated the Austrians at the Battle of Sadowa; while in Italian lands the Piedmontese army and fleet were defeated in the battles of Custozza and Lissa.

Although it was a short conflict, the truth is that the consequences were very relevant. On the one hand, Prussia managed to annex several territories in the northern area, which before the war were independent. Thanks to these acquisitions, he formed the “North German Confederation”, A political organization that directly rivaled Austria. On the other hand, the Austrian Empire suffered serious consequences.

They lost hegemony over the Germanic kingdoms and the Empire was transformed into a dual monarchy divided between Austria and Hungary. Finally, another of the great beneficiaries was Piedmont. Although it is true that they lost their battles, the Italians practically managed to fulfill their dream of unity, through the sovereignty of Lombardy and the Veneto.

Passionate about History, he has a degree in Journalism and Audiovisual Communication. Since he was a child he loved history and ended up exploring the 18th, 19th and 20th centuries above all.

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