The industrial Revolution It was a change that would not only affect the society of the time, but would mark later human development, and today we show you the most important consequences.
The appearance of machines it would change the social, economic and political aspects, as well as the lifestyle of the world's population.
At the same time that it made certain goods cheaper, it also increased the quality of life of some strata of the population, while it condemned others to misery.
Consequences of the Industrial Revolution
On the economic plane, the work performance was substantially increased, while the production cost decreased. Producing any good was much cheaper than before, which made the industrialized nations generate enormous wealth.
In turn, it they accumulated large capital that formed large companies and corporations based on the industry. Chambers of commerce, banks, and insurance companies quickly flourished. New companies needed credit, something that the bank guaranteed.
Productive demands arising after Industrial Revolution They led to the design, development and improvement of communication routes and means of transport between the different countries.
The capitalism it spread like wildfire and marked the end of other economic formulas that had existed since feudal times, as well as crafts and manufacturing, which were gradually disappearing.
On the social level, the biggest repercussion fell on Great Britain. There the process of disappearance of the peasantry, who found a very powerful rival: the big cities.
These were the reference centers of industrializationAs a result, the population left the countryside to move to large urban centers, which prompted a change in the professional structure of the population, which was now employed on a massive scale in the different branches of industry.
The rise of labor movements
Society was fractured in two: the proletariat and the bourgeoisie, which encouraged the emergence of labor and union movements such as socialism, communism or even anarchism.
Theorists like Karl Marx little by little they found the foundations of the labor movement and the needs they had.
As this new social organization progressed in time, the differences between the two groups were increasingly visible. On the one hand, the bourgeoisie increased its welfare exponentially, while the proletariat was surrounded by poverty and destitution.
The political changes of the Industrial Revolution
On the political level, the bourgeoisie, endowed with greater wealth, was finally able to consolidate its political control. The revolutions of 1820, 1830 and 1848 were the precursors to the fall of the aristocracy and the rise of the bourgeoisie to the controls of society.
The prevailing capitalism in the economy also affected politics, since the state granted full freedom to companies and did not intervene directly in business, but promoted industrialization and regulated workers' rights.
Changes in lifestyle
Finally, there was also drastic changes in lifestyles. The abandonment of the countryside was the cause that now the cities were considered the center of the life of the population.
Industrialization It partly improved the living conditions of the people, since many items were easier to produce, which lowered their price and accessibility.
Many women entered the labor market, which had a direct impact on family customs and on the women's rights.
Passionate about History, he has a degree in Journalism and Audiovisual Communication. Since he was little he loved history and ended up exploring the 18th, 19th and 20th centuries above all.