Richard I of England, also know as Richard the Lionheart, was one of the most respected kings of the British tradition. Although he did not spend long in England because he was always at the front, he ended up earning the respect of its citizens. He was a man of incomparable courage and was an excellent strategist and military commander.
Was born September 8, 1157 at the Palace of Beaumont in Oxford and was of primarily French descent, as were his entire family. After his estrangement from his father, Henry II of England, and his mother, Eleanor of Aquitaine, Ricardo happened to be in charge of his mother. In 1168, he was invested Duke of Aquitaine and, four years later, Count of Poitiers. He was a great poet and, according to the descriptions of the time, extremely attractive. He was noted for his political and military skills, as well as for his courage and willingness to fight.
His older brother, Henry the Younger, starred in a revolt against his father, Henry II, between the years 1173 and 1174. Ricardo supported his brother, who was crowned "secondKing of England. But Henry II was far superior in troops and preparation, so the brothers were easily defeated. After running out of support in 1174, Ricardo swore allegiance to his father.
In the spring of 1179, Richard put down a rebellion in the fortress of Taillebourg. The fight was a turning point because the young commander demonstrated the military skills available to him, so most of the barons of Aquitaine abandoned any possible idea of uprising and swore allegiance to him.
Between 1180 and 1183, the tension between Ricardo and his father increased to the point that the latter ordered the invasion of Aquitaine. Henry the Younger and Godfrey, with the help of barons in the area, they attacked the territory controlled by Ricardo. But the young duke defended himself and ended up capturing the attackers. Henry the Younger died, so Richard became heir to the throne in 1183.
The disagreements between the king and the heir were drastically aggravated. Therefore, in 1188, Ricardo returned to face his father with the help of Philip II Augustus of France. The campaign ended with the defeat of Enrique II on July 4, 1189. The death of the monarch on July 6 caused the ascent to the throne of Ricardo, who immediately resigned from the French alliance.
A year later became a crusader and participated in the conquest of Cyprus in 1191. His mission ended up taking him to Palestine, where he seized San Juan de Acre. Upon learning of the intrigues plotted against him by his brother Juan and by Philip II August of France, he left Palestine in 1192 to restore order. However, he was taken prisoner by the Duke of Austria, who handed him over to the Emperor Henry VI. This setback prevented him from returning to England until 1194. While he was held, Juan came close to taking the throne from him. However, Ricardo forgave him and ended up naming him heir.
However, a new problem arose in relations with France. Due to claims of Philip II Augustus, invaded France and again demonstrated his military superiority. But a crush caused a wound that became gangrenous while besieging the castle of Châlus. On April 6, 1199, he ended up perishing from this wound.
Passionate about History, he has a degree in Journalism and Audiovisual Communication. Since he was little he loved history and ended up exploring the 18th, 19th and 20th centuries above all.