Copernicus is considered as the father of modern astronomy. He theorized about the heliocentric system, where everything revolved around the sun, and stated that the Earth would turn around in one day and that revolves around the sun once a year.
Biography of Copernicus
Nicolaus Copernicus was born on February 19, 1473 in Torun, Poland. He was born into a family of rich merchants. At age 10 he was orphaned and in charge of his uncle, a bishop of the Catholic Church.
Thanks to his uncle, he received a rich education until in 1491 he entered the University of Krakow, where studied humanities.
Five years later he went to Bologna to study Canon law. There he met a math teacher, Domenico Maria de Novara, in whose house he was staying.
There he received the influence of Italian humanism. He was also immersed in the study of classics. I was interested in attending Novara's classes, who criticized Ptolemy's theory that the center of the universe was the Earth and that the rest of the stars revolved around him.
This theory was the dominant one in those years, coming, in many cases, from the principles of Astronomy of Ancient Greece.
Shortly thereafter he moved to Rome, where received his doctorate in astronomy in 1500.
He started to study medicine in Padua but he left it shortly after so that he could graduate in canon law from the University of Ferrara.
He returned to Poland in 1503 and once in his country, he joined as advisor to the episcopal court at Lidzbark castle thanks to the influence of his uncle.
In 1512 the bishop passed away, so Copernicus He decided go to Frauenburg and dedicate himself to managing the assets of the council, in addition to his position as ecclesiastical counselor.
Was immersed in various subjects such as medicine, humanism or economic theories, subject on which published a treatise in 1528.
He began his astronomical theories in 1507. In that year he elaborated his theory on a heliocentric solar system in which the sun was in the center and the rest of the stars would revolve around him.
He even published a work called ‘On the revolutions of the heavenly bodies ’, where he made known his astronomical research. It was completed in 1530.
His astronomical studies spread among scholars of the subject, who began to consider him as a remarkable astronomer.
He died on May 24, 1543 in Frombork, Poland.
He died without knowing the commotion that his theories would cause and not knowing that time later he would be considered as the father of modern astronomy.
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