One of the four ideological models stronger Cold War is the American.
The United States they were the first to draft a constitution (1787) and offered the democratic and liberal republic as a model.
Like the European model, it has a good number of fundamental values but its history and its economic and social system lead them to consider freedom as the most important value.
This model has various ideological sources from which it is sustained. On the one hand, Protestantism it is one of the foundations of your society.
The idea that man can succeed with his work and receive divine favor (enrichment) is what makes them have an effort mentality before any work.
This would also include the moralism of political life and the absence of the distinction between private life and public life.
These characteristics have affected more than one American president throughout history.
On the other hand, we must take into account the influence of European liberal theories, especially the Philosophy of Enlightenment.
These ideas were applied in the United States and in its model to reinforce individualism and to limit the interventionism of state power.
To a large extent, they were also influenced by the keynesianism, which advocated a regulatory role for the State in the market but only to favor its activity.
Finally, you must also always keep in mind the founding myths of American society, like the American dream, which places the United States as a beacon of humanity, freedom and democracy.
Also the concept of “melting pot”, Which is the multicultural essence of the North American nation, and the myth of the frontier, which is usually associated with the conquest of the west, but whose purpose is to create a new, individualistic, active and mobile man.
Characteristics of the American model of the Cold War
The American model of the Cold War It is characterized by being a presidential regime with a strong legislative power and a judicial power that acts as a regulator.
The Congress, made up of two chambers, is voted in a democratic and universal way, and has the duty to legislate and control the actions of the administration.
The judiciary has a Supreme Court of 9 immovable judges, appointed by the president and approved by the Senate. In addition, the three powers have strict surveillance of what has been called "fourth power”, That is, the press.
Economically speaking, the model is defined as liberal capitalism in which the Stock Market plays a fundamental role and in which the State is essential to guarantee the proper functioning of the market.
It is based on the mobility and flexibility of the workforce. It has evolved over the years until it ended up promoting globalization and multinational companies.
Social values of the American model
American society responds to several social values: “The self made man", Social Darwinism and"the american way of life”.
First refers to personal success that is the result of will, dynamism, audacity and the ability to fight.
Darwinism it is understood as the ability of each one to survive in a hostile environment, therefore there is a reluctance to state aid to those who “they fail in their projects”.
And finally, "the american way of life"Is nothing other than the lifestyle: car, house, etc.
It was a model that was completely opposite to soviet model or the Maoist model, although more similar to European liberal model.
Praised by many and hated by many others, it was his shortcomings that ultimately led to the hippie movement in the middle of the Cold War.
Remarkably influenced many nations after the Second World War and it was expanding, not only in the political sphere, but also in the social sphere, thanks to the cinema, music and television.
But not all are positive things.
Negative aspects of the American model
Among the negative issues of this model, we should highlight the low turnout in the elections, the doubts about the state's role, the economic decline, the lack of social cohesion in a society in which inequalities are growing, the increase in poverty, the State helplessness of the most needy and, of course, a great wave of anti-Americanism that has spread at the same time that this model was imposed.
Passionate about History, he has a degree in Journalism and Audiovisual Communication. Since he was little he loved History and ended up exploring the 18th, 19th and 20th centuries above all.