One of the most famous pharaohs of all time is undoubtedly Tutankhamun. His reign was short-lived due to his early death, but mystery and legends surround him due to his famous curse, and they are one of the causes for people to seek cheap Egypt trips in order to discover everything about him.
However, not much is known about his life, besides that his reign was quite short.
Tut-ankh-Aten, as he was called before his name was changed, he was a pharaoh of Egypt belonging to the 18th Dynasty. Born this year 1341 (approx) BC, and it is not known for sure who their parents were.
The most widely accepted theory is that his father was Ajenaton but the identity of the mother is unknown, although some archaeologists think that it is one of his younger wives, Kiya.
It is also believed that it could have been the result of the union between Amenhotep III and his daughter, Princess Sitamon.
When he died egyptian pharaoh Akhenaten and not having left male children, they succeeded him on the throne his sons-in-law Semenkera and Tutankaton.
The latter was just 12 years old when acceded to the throne in 1332 BC. He married one of his sisters, Anjesenpaatón, who changed her name to Ankesenamón, daughter of his father Ajenatón and Nefertiti.
He had been in power for three years when he decided reestablish traditional worship and suppress the tax for the ‘heretic pharaoh’.
Thus, he restored power to the priests of the god Amun, cult that had been put aside in the previous reign. In addition, it repaired the damage and rebuilt the temples that had been affected after Akhenaten's reign.
Another of his measurements was move the capital. He decided to leave the city of Amarna, a city created by Akhenaten, and settled in Thebes.
It was then that changed his name to Tutankhamun. He also reverted to the traditional way of ruling Egypt, returning power to the priests and generals.
Passed away at age 18 being replaced on the throne by a high official, Ay, who married his widow. According to ancient customs, he was buried along with his most precious treasures and a large quantity of food for his passage to the afterlife.
His grave It was discovered in 1922 by Howard Carter in research funded by Lord Carnarvon in the so-called King's Valley.
All their belongings were intact, which showed that had not been looted. The legend about her curse comes from the fact that many of the people who entered the tomb when it was discovered they died shortly after.
They are not known for sure the true causes of his death. It is believed that he died from various health problems, such as an infected wound, because of your congenital problems or because of an illness.
His mummy was mistreated after the discovery of his tomb which made the investigations difficult.
The main proof that was had was A blow to the head, which gave rise to theories that the pharaoh had been assassinated. The main suspect was one of his advisers, Ay, who came to the throne after his death.
It was also suspected Horemheb, a general who had all the ballots to take his place after his death and who managed to reign after the death of Ay.
However, it has been proven that the blow to the head was made after death, which dismantles this theory.
When marketing is stronger than history
Tutankhamun is taken by most people as the greatest Egyptian pharaoh of all time, something very far from reality.
What happens in the case of this pharaoh is the great exposure he had, as well as the fact that his tomb has been found together with a huge amount of treasures and that countless exhibitions have been held around his name.
Images: Public domain
Detail of Tutankhamen with his wife: Wikimedia
Graduated in Journalism and Audiovisual Communication, since I was little I have been attracted to the world of information and audiovisual production. Passion for informing and being informed of what is happening in every corner of the planet. Likewise, I am pleased to be part of the creation of an audiovisual product that will later entertain or inform people. My interests include cinema, photography, the environment and, above all, history. I consider it essential to know the origin of things to know where we come from and where we are going. Special interest in curiosities, mysteries and anecdotal events in our history.