The February Revolution, the start of the Russian Revolution of 1917

The February Revolution, the start of the Russian Revolution of 1917

Seeing the panorama in which I was plunged Russia in 1917, no wonder all those causes they ended up leading to a revolution in search of more freedom and to put an end to the painful economic, social and political situation of the country.

The February 27 (March 12 on the Gregorian calendar) of 1917 different events occurred that instigated an army mutiny: various bodies of the military joined the revolutionary ranks in St. Petersburg, women took to the streets under the slogan “Bread, bread and down the autocracy”, The striking workers demanded labor improvements and the bourgeois organized political conspiracies against the tsars. All this caused the troops to shoot the officers and fraternize with the workers.

For its part, the Duma leaders they met in the Tauride Palace and formed a committee to conduct the revolutionary situation. But, that same day, the Petrograd workers created a soviet (as happened in 1905) that brought together both workers and soldiers. It would be the first Soviet of Workers and Soldiers.

Alexander Kerenski, a member of the Duma, published a manifesto urging all citizens to rebel against tsarism. The masses, desperate for the situation Russia was in, take to the streets. This popular uprising caused the Tsar to abdicate his brother, the Grand Duke Miguel who, seeing the prevailing anarchy, rejected the position.

Thus, Russia entered a period where control was taken by a provisional government whose prime minister was Prince Giorg Lvov, a liberal who enjoyed the support of Kerensky. However, the real force was still in the Soviets that stretched across the country.

The liberal government began to approve a series of opening measures: the call for a constituent Assembly, the granting of an amnesty and rights for all, as well as more autonomy to nationalities, the abolition of the death penalty and a continuity in the war. But these reforms did not satisfy the population that demanded more measures such as an 8-hour workday, the distribution of land and the end of the war.

In April, thanks to German aid, Lenin returned from his exile in Switzerland to qualify for amnesty. The media broadcast their ten “April thesis" Y they demanded that the soviets assume all power. Lenin intended to convert the Russian Revolution in a "World socialist revolution"So he set himself the goal of overthrowing the provisional government.

Even with the conciliatory measures from Lvov (that gives entry to the government to socialists), the population was still up in arms. The bad news from the front, the realization that there was freedom but no food, and the growing discontent of the Russian people caused very turbulent days in Petrograd, very similar to those of February. The press pointed to the Bolsheviks and anarchists as guilty, for which the government acted against them. Lenin had to flee againBut Kamenev and Trotsky were not so lucky and were imprisoned.

In the military field, Lvov and Kerensky They failed to end the war, nor to the demands of some nationalities such as Poland, Finland and Ukraine, who rebelled against the central power. This caused a loss of confidence of the conservatives in the provisional government.

Seeing the problems that continued to persist, Kerensky relieved Lvov as head of the government. As the new leader, he intended to assemble a Constituent Assembly for the construction of a Parliamentary Republic. However, he was not able to stop the growing anarchy. The Conservatives, under Kornilov, and the Bolsheviks clashed with his leadership. Lenin returned again and, together with the help of Trotsky, convened an All-Russian Congress of Soviets for November 7. This would mean the end of the Provisional Government and the beginning of Red October.

Passionate about History, he has a degree in Journalism and Audiovisual Communication. Since he was a child he loved history and ended up exploring the 18th, 19th and 20th centuries above all.

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