Biography of Marie Antoinette, the queen victim of the French Revolution

Biography of Marie Antoinette, the queen victim of the French Revolution

Maria Antonieta Josefa Ana of Austria, or Marie Antoinette as it is known, it was without a doubt the most famous death of the French Revolution along with her husband's, the King Louis XVI. Always treated like a foreigner could not find his place in court. A lover of parties and waste, she earned the contempt of the people by ignoring the misery in which they lived, in addition to powerfully influencing the political decisions of her husband.
Born on October 2, 1755 in Vienna, Austria. His parents were the Emperors of Austria, Francisco I and Maria Teresa. During her childhood she was surrounded by the luxury that characterized the Austrian court, where he was never denied any whim.

When I was 12 years old got engaged to the future king of France, Louis XVI, so his mother, knowing the unconcern of Marie Antoinette Because of the classes they taught her, he set out to make her a great princess, so she hired an ecclesiastical tutor, who was to teach her French and strengthen her faith, and a renowned hairdresser. Within a few days they both gave up their tasksdue to the rebellious character of the young woman.

She married Prince Louis when he was only 14 years old. Her beauty immediately captivated the entire court. The ceremony took place May 16, 1770. Despite the celebrations that were organized in her honor, the wedding night was a disaster, since the young woman did not love, and never loved, the dolphin.

Louis XVI was crowned king when he was 20 years old. He was kind but also weak and influential. Marie Antoinette was trying to influence her husband's politics to please the court, in addition to favoring her favorites, but her efforts were in vain. In the court he looked at her with contempt, always being classified as the foreigner.

This, along with the boredom that she had when she was always alone in the palace, they made her escape at night and organize palace parties, among other things.

His main faults were contempt for French etiquette and customs, its extravagances, its great feasts and the search for pleasure in the company of the Count of Artois.

Wasted money of the royal coffers at feasts. His acts were exaggerated by those lovers of the Revolution and by public opinion, who began to call her with contempt 'the Austrian ’ or 'madame deficit 'seeing that his actions corresponded more to the way of life of his country than that of France.

The "Maria Antoinette Necklace" Affair

In 1785 he had to face a matter of gravity. At that time there were a necklace that was a unique piece of jewelry, insuperable. LThe Countess de La Motte manipulated Cardinal Louis de Rohan making him believe that the queen wanted to get hold of such a magnificent jewel, so he told him that since he did not have enough money, he would sign a purchase contract if he guaranteed it.

This one, knowing that he had fallen from grace, decided to access. He interviewed a young woman who impersonated the queen and after agreeing to his request, he transferred the necklace to Versailles in 1785. However, the necklace never reached the queenInstead, it ended up at the hands of the woman who had tricked him, La Motte, who fled the city and sold the stones of the necklace in parts.

When the deception came to light, the countess claimed she was one of the queen's favorites, which he demonstrated with forged letters. Accused Marie Antoinette and although she was declared innocent, the loss of prestige made against him was already unstoppable.

This one, along with the precarious situation faced by the people, was one of the factors that influenced the outbreak of the Revolution. Watching the revolts that took place in the capital, the kings they decided to flee to get to safety. Count Axel de Fersen was in charge of preparing the escape plan. The royal family should escape during the night. When they reached Varennes, they were recognized and, therefore, arrested.

The people, feeling more and more contempt for their monarchs, decided to break into the palace and loot it. The powers were taken from the king and he was locked up in the Temple tower. Marie Antoinette wanted to accompany her husband, an act that ennobled her. On January 21, 1793 Louis XVI was beheaded. Marie Antoinette was transferred to the Conciergerie.

After long months in prison, the trial took place in which she tried to defend herself even from those who accused her of have corrupted their own children. After three days and three nights, the court declared her guilty of treason. After being exhibited on a cart through the streets of Paris, mid-morning on October 16, 1793 she was beheaded.

Images: Public domain

With a degree in Journalism and Audiovisual Communication, since I was a child I have been attracted to the world of information and audiovisual production. Passion for informing and being informed of what is happening in every corner of the planet. Likewise, I am pleased to be part of the creation of an audiovisual product that will later entertain or inform people. My interests include cinema, photography, the environment and, above all, history. I consider it essential to know the origin of things to know where we come from and where we are going. Special interest in curiosities, mysteries and anecdotal events in our history.


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