Joan of Arc It's one of the most prominent female characters in history. His life was marked by the Hundred Years War. Was born January 6, 1412 at Domrémy, France, in the bosom of a French family. Due to his humble condition, he did not learn to read or write.
- Joan of Arc
When I had just 13 years, confessed that he had seen in his parents' garden San Miguel, Santa Catalina and Santa Margarita. He was told that he had to wear a pious and devout life. Years later, he would say that the Lord had given him a difficult mission: to lead the French army to crown the dolphin Carlos, firstborn of Charles VI of France, and expel the English army from the country recovering the lands of Orleans.
In 1428 decided to travel to Vaucouleurs, where Prince Charles's army was, to join his troops, but his request was rejected. The dolphin situation got drastically worse when the English besieged Orleans, which forced him to take refuge in the city of Chinon. Juana went there, accompanied by 6 men-at-arms loaned by Roberto de Baudricourt with the intention of helping her carry out her mission.
The prince decided to examine her and find out the opinion of various theologians on his mission and after receiving his approval was navy knight. The first thing he had to deal with was commanding an army of five thousand men on May 8, 1429, with which he managed to defeat the English army, freeing orleans of the siege to which she had been subjected.
After this and many other subsequent victories, he promoted the coronation of the prince as Charles VII of France, an act that took place in Reims on July 17, 1429. Seeing that she had fulfilled her mission, Joan stopped hearing the voices within her and asked to go home. However, seeing that he had led the French army to victory, they asked him to will stay and continue fighting.
During the following months the attack on Paris took place in September 1429 and after the siege of Compiegne. During the siege it was captured by the Duke of Burgundy on May 24, 1430 to be sold later to the English.
In English hands, it was taken to Rouen, where an ecclesiastical court presided over by Pierre Cauchon, Bishop of Beuvais, tried and accused her of witchcraft and heresy, stating that the voices he was hearing were not from the saints or from God, but from the devil himself. This trial was aimed at to discredit Carlos VII, claiming that he had been faithful follower of a witch, so his coronation it would be null.
- Joan of Arc being interrogated
The process lasted three months, after which she was declared guilty of witchcraft and heresy charges on May 25, 1431. It was a trial that left no defense options for the accused and was also based on weak and without foundation. Likewise, Charles VII, who had helped to get the throne, did nothing to help her.
Although he had always defended his innocence, he recanted and affirmed what the court said, what he did for the death penalty to become life imprisonment. But nevertheless, he changed his statement again and he affirmed again that the voices he had heard were divine voices. Because of this it was condemned to die at the stake. It was executed on May 30, 1431 in the market square of Rouen.
- Joan of Arc at the stake
A pontifical commission restored his figure on July 7, 1456, focusing his cult in the city of Orleans. Juana would become French heroine after the French defeat of 1870. Pope Pius XII He beatified her on April 18, 1909, and was canonized on May 16, 1920, after France's victory against Germany in the First World War.
Graduated in Journalism and Audiovisual Communication, since I was little I have been attracted to the world of information and audiovisual production. Passion for informing and being informed of what is happening in every corner of the planet. Likewise, I am pleased to be part of the creation of an audiovisual product that will later entertain or inform people. My interests include cinema, photography, the environment and, above all, history. I consider it essential to know the origin of things to know where we come from and where we are going. Special interest in curiosities, mysteries and anecdotal events in our history.