Cleopatra biography

Cleopatra biography

One of the egyptian queens best known was undoubtedly Cleopatra. Lover of Julius Caesar, had a tragic end that would mark the fate of Egypt. She was the last queen of Ancient Egypt belonging to the Ptolemaic dynasty, founded by Ptolemy I, one of the generals of Alexander the Great, and the last queen belonging to the Hellenistic period of Egypt.

His full name was Cleopatra Filopator Nea Thea, although it is known as Cleopatra VII Or simply Cleopatra. Born in 69 BC. Your parents were Ptolemy XII and Cleopatra V. She was a cultured woman who had knowledge of different sciences such as astronomy or medicine. He inherited the throne at the age of 17, responsibility that had to share with his brother Ptolemy XIV, with whom he had to marry.

Cleopatra on the terraces of Philae

Their reign together was short-lived, between 51 and 49 BC. Were produced continuous confrontations between them, which caused the loss of throne by Cleopatra. She, hungry for power, decided plan his brother's death to have a clear path to politics. When the court learned of his wiles it was seen forced to flee.

However, a stroke of luck came. The Rome civil struggles they came to the country of the Nile and with them Emperor Julius Caesar, who was chasing his enemy Pompey. Seeing the conflict between Cleopatra and her brother, decides to support her but the latter would die in the so-called Alexandrian War, like Pompey. This made Cleopatra acceded to the throne immediately. Also, during this war the famous library of alexandria, lost forever.

Cleopatra and Julius Caesar

Julius Caesar he became the lover of the queen, being born from this union a son who would bear the name of Caesarion. However, after time, Caesar abandons her and makes her marry his brother Ptolemy XIV, who was still a child. When Caesar diedCleopatra got rid of her own husband when Caesar's successor arrived in Egypt, Marco Antonio, who would be his great love. From their union were born three children, Ptolemy and the twins Alexander and Cleopatra.

A short time later the Ptolemaic War. In her, Augusto will fight against Marco Antonio by the power of Rome. During the naval battle of Accio, Marco Antonio is defeated by Octavio, but manages to flee to Alexandria where he takes refuge together with Cleopatra. However, Augustus' troops manage to take the city, so Marco Antonio commits suicide.

Octavian had specific plans for Cleopatra. Pretended to do it prisoner and show her in Rome in the celebrations of Triumph, now that Egypt had become a roman province. In this way he would achieve popular fervor and his political aspirations would be widely supported.

Cleopatra's death

Cleopatra saw her enemy's intentions clear and fearing that she would end up being a slave decided to die, just as her lover had done. Cleopatra took her own life thanks to the bite of an asp, one of the most poisonous snakes, in the year 30 BC. The most romantic opinions say that she took her own life due to the death of her beloved Marco Antonio. Before committing suicide, he asked Octavio through a letter that to bury her next to Marco Antonio, I wish that he granted, although until today the whereabouts of the burial of both lovers are unknown.

With a degree in Journalism and Audiovisual Communication, since I was a child I have been attracted to the world of information and audiovisual production. Passion for informing and being informed of what is happening in every corner of the planet. Likewise, I am pleased to be part of the creation of an audiovisual product that will later entertain or inform people. My interests include cinema, photography, the environment and, above all, history. I consider it essential to know the origin of things to know where we come from and where we are going. Special interest in curiosities, mysteries and anecdotal events in our history.

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