Joseph Goebbels it was one of the strong figures within Nazi Germany. He was the henchman of Adolf hitler and the person capable of captivating an entire nation with his political speeches. His oratory elevated him to the highest positions of power and he did not abandon his loyalty to the Führer in any moment.
The life of Goebbels it begins in Rheydt (Germany) in 1897, in the bosom of a Catholic family and with a good social situation. The future Nazi leader suffered a serious illness at the age of four, which left him with a permanent limp and prevented him from participating actively in the First World War.
At school he stood out for his grades and in 1917 he entered higher studies. He was in up to eight different universities (Bonn, Freiburg, Würzburg, Cologne, Frankfurt, Munich, Berlin and Heidelberg) and received his doctorate in 1921 from the University of Heidelberg.
Since his adolescence, Goebbels showed himself to be a very outgoing person, able to dazzle all who listened to him.
This characteristic, together with his university studies, was the reason why the National Socialist German Workers' Party (NSDAP) appointed him leader of the party in Berlin in 1926.
Joseph Goebbels: Chief of Nazi Propaganda
Just two years later, Hitler promoted him to Nazi propaganda chief. From this appointment, the figure of Adolf Hitler began to take a different look in the face of society. He went from being a criminal who had been imprisoned for attacking the State, to being a martyr who was arrested by the communist and socialist forces that were being controlled from Moscow. All this thanks to the work of the newly appointed head of party propaganda.
Goebbels was in charge of spreading hatred abroad, to communism and Jews, while extolling the values of the NSDAP. He developed the "black propaganda”, Which was a type of smear propaganda, falsehoods and misinformation to achieve the goals of the match.
There were a large number of violent demonstrations, burning of books and symbols with which the Nazi leaders did not agree. All of this promoted a climate favorable to the interests of Goebbels and his populist speeches.
A few years later, with the Hitler's rise to power, was appointed Minister of Propaganda and Information. From that position, he maintained the same policies that he had carried during the years that was in charge of the propaganda of the NSDAP, but added new ones such as full control over all media (cinema, radio, television and literature).
It prevented them from being received foreign information and organized a large number of events and institutions that came to reinforce the figure of the Führer and the party. The cinema was one of his main passions and instruments to expand his ideas.
With the help of filmmakers like Riefenstahl, the Nazis managed to reach many people, not only within Germany, but beyond its borders.
During the WWII had a very prominent role in maintaining the confidence of the Germans towards Hitler. Its success lay in preventing the population from blaming the Führer for the bombardments on German cities and directing that anger towards the Allies.
Seeing that the defeats began to accumulate at the front, on February 18, 1943 he proclaimed the “Total war”, That is, the extreme mobilization of all people to defend the interests of the country.
However, the inevitable advance of the allied troops surrounded Goebbels and all the Nazi leaders in a bunker in Berlin. On April 30, 1945, Hitler took his own life and Goebbels was left in charge of the German nation, since the Nazi dictator had chosen him as his successor.
But seeing that defeat was near, he couldn't resist the pressure and He committed suicide with his wife and six children on May 1.
Passionate about History, he has a degree in Journalism and Audiovisual Communication. Since he was little he loved History and ended up exploring the 18th, 19th and 20th centuries above all.