Communism It is a form of social, economic and political organization that tends to collectivization of the means of production, to distribution of consumer goods according to the needs of each and the suppression of social classes.
Communist theories, starting especially from the Marxism, and not so much since socialism, they advocate suppress capitalist society and establish a socialist society to, little by little, build a communist social organization.
The idea of a social and political organization based on the collective ownership of goods and the means of production without class discrimination appeared in the XV century with the Taborite movement in Bohemia.
The first to found the communism in a materialistic conception of history it was François Babeuf, who stated that all assets must be “common property", Since the land does not belong"to nobody"And the fruits"they belong to everyone”.
Communist historians and thinkers also speak of the “primitive communism”. It would be a hypothesis by which primitive societies would be characterized by the absence of private property. Karl Marx supported this premise at the time, justifying the hunter-gatherer model on which primitive society was based.
The Communist Manifesto
We can speak of the beginning of communism, as we know it today, with the writing of the Communist Manifesto in 1848.
It was created by Marx and Friedrich Engels and it denied society as it was, betting on the value of the industrial working class against the bourgeoisie. He criticized and rejected the concept of property.
Over the years, it would serve to feed new communist theories and variations of the main ideas, depending on the continent or country where they appeared.
Two "International", for unite the workers and to the socialist political parties of the different nations.
There are great variety of communist doctrines that vary greatly from each other. But nevertheless, all of them advocate the suppression of private property and the emancipation of the proletariat.
The Russian Revolution
The most widespread doctrine is the Marxism. It had a special boom from the arrival of Lenin to power in Russia with the October Revolution (November 1917).
The Russian president planned to expand the revolution that he had devised in his country to the rest of the world. So a congress of delegates from the left wing of the European Social Democracy was created, which decided to create the III International and an executive body called Komintern.
Characteristics of Communism
Communism speaks of various concepts that define it. Egalitarianism is one of them. This term is intended to consider all human beings equal.
Eliminate any privilege they may have over each other and aim to end any type of discrimination.
Another characteristic of communist thought is the class struggle.
The class struggle
They want to eradicate the class system that governs society, by which a worker (proletarian) cannot reach positions of power.
It implies that there are social conflicts between the different classes and that they can only be ended once the social classes have been eradicated.
From here an even more relevant premise emerges: the dictatorship of the proletariat.
The dictatorship of the proletariat
The dictatorship of the proletariat, according to Marx, is the intermediate state between capitalism and communist society. The culmination of the world and workers' revolution would be this state of proletarian control. From a certain point of view, this idea also includes the state division into communes. It is a system by which there would be no leaders as such, but self-sufficient assemblies that would decide their future.
Conclusion on Communism
Definitely, Communism arose as a response to the repression to which the different European working-class sectors were subjected.
He advocated eliminating individual property, strengthening the collective, ending capitalism and establishing a communist state through a universal revolution of the proletariat.
It is the only system of social organization that has faced capitalism since it spread throughout the world. He had a tough fight during the second half of the 20th century, but ended up losing it due to the corruption of the Soviet communist states.
Today, many thinkers consider communism a utopian organizational system, due to the nature of the human condition.
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Passionate about History, he has a degree in Journalism and Audiovisual Communication. Since he was little he loved history and ended up exploring the 18th, 19th and 20th centuries above all.