If there is a literary character that everyone knows and that is in fashion lately, it is Dracula. Character who gave rise to the origin of vampires, the truth is that is based on a real character, a man who, although not a vampire, like the character in Bram Stoker's book, committed the most unthinkable cruelties, so it is not surprising that it served as an example for the creation of the literary character. Furthermore, he was a distant cousin of Elisabeth bathory, considered the female Dracula. Is about Vlad III, better known as Vlad the Impaler or Vlad draculea.
He was born in Sighisoara, Transylvania, in 1431, fruit of the union of Vlad II, nicknamed ‘The devil’And Knight of the Order of the Dragon, and Cnaejna of Transilvania. His childhood was quite hard, intensifying when at the age of 13 he was handed over together with his brother Radu to the Turks. as hostages between the years 1444 and 1448. Of Christian religion, he had to live with Muslim people and with a language other than his own.
The reason why his father had handed him over as a hostage as guarantee that he would not attack the Turks again. However, some time later, he broke his promise, putting Vlad in a dire situation where he was sentenced to death. He was lucky and Sultan Murat II, who had raised him, he spared his life. Thus he gained merits before his enemy.
When his exile ended, he was 17 years old. When he returned home he discovered that Count Iancu of Hunedoara had organized together with the boyars, the aristocracy, the murder of his father, who was beaten to death, and his brother Mircea, whose eyes were burned and later buried alive. The Turks themselves helped him to get his name first prince of Transylvania and later king of Wallachia, a fact that he did not achieve until 1456 when he began to reign in southern Romania.
Due to the murder of his father and brother, he prepared a cruel revenge against the boyars on Resurrection Sunday, 1457. He prepared a large meal in his room, which had been enlarged. Upon arrival he asked them how many gentlemen they had had, to which they could not answer, since they had had as many as they had murdered. Following this revelation, impaled about 500, The oldest. For this he used sharp stakes that he put on their stomach or heart and went through them little by little until they died. The rest of the chosen ones died with another type of impalement, by the blunt part introduced by the anus. This lengthened the agony of the victim.
The young and strong he condemned to build your castle on top of a mountain, the Poenari castle in the Carpathians. They went there after dinner, some dying on the way. Both men and women participated in its construction.
Over the next several years, Vlad gradually separated from the Turks and left approaching his enemy Iancu, thus demonstrating his desire to reign again after being away from the throne for a few years. To do this, he carefully observed the clashes between Iancu and another nobleman, Vladislav. On April 23, 1452, Iancu declared war on him and took away his territories. This was taken advantage of by Vlad, who volunteered to rule those lands.
But nevertheless, the peace would not last long. Vladislav did not admit that he had been defeated, so he entered Transylvania devastating everything in his path. Vlad managed to get commanding a small army thanks to the intervention of the Hungarian monarch Ladislao V. Finally, Vladislav was arrested, who was beheaded at Tirgovisthe. Vlad managed to maintain his power, promising the inhabitants protection against Turks and free trade in exchange for their help in the event of warfare.
Due to the freedom he granted to his subjects, he awakened the envy of the Hungarians and Germans, which came to ask the subjects to support other suitors to the throne, causing intrigues and betrayals. The king wasted no time in retaliating and in 1459 he impaled and burned some rebels. He even arrested one of the greatest instigators, Dan Voeivod, whom he forced to dig his own grave and witness his funeral before being executed.
After several years of not paying tribute to the Turks, Vlad decided rise up against them. Sultan Mehmet II, knowing the reputation of his adversary, decided to send an emissary offering a summons to address the issue. Vlad agreed, smelling that it was a trap organized by your enemy. He presented himself with a portion of the outstanding debt and with numerous gifts for the Sultan, in addition to a large contingent of soldiers. These, after seizing the place, took the emissary and the Ottoman general prisoners who were transferred to Tirgovisthe, where they were impaled.
On January 11, 1462, he sent a letter to the Hungarian sovereign Matías Corvino. In it he affirmed that had killed 24,000 enemies, who had crowded their heads. Along with the letter he sent a bag full of ears and noses to confirm the fact. Because of this, many of the inhabitants of Istanbul decided leave town for fear of being taken over.
Faced with such a threat, Mehmet II decided to send an army and a great fleet across the Danube. Vlad then resorted to tactics like the guerrillas and the scorched earth. After months of defeats, diseases and the impossibility of invading the citadel of Kilia, the sultan decided backing out using his last trick.
The royalty supported his brother Radu, so that thanks to a series of intrigues, including falsification of documents, the sultan manages that Matías Corvino arrests Vlad in August 1462. He received special treatment, almost as a guest rather than a prisoner. Meanwhile, his brother reigned in Wallachia.
It is not quite clear why in 1474 Vlad was released from his prison, after which he took part in the battle of Vaslui organized by Esteban Bathory against the turks. On November 11, 1476 he ascended the Wallachian throne again. A few weeks later, a Turkish contingent surprised his guard, which consisted of only 200 men, and killed him. Was beheaded and his head was sent to Istanbul and publicly displayed nailed to a stake.
Graduated in Journalism and Audiovisual Communication, since I was little I have been attracted to the world of information and audiovisual production. Passion for informing and being informed of what is happening in every corner of the planet. Likewise, I am pleased to be part of the creation of an audiovisual product that will later entertain or inform people. My interests include cinema, photography, the environment and, above all, history. I consider it essential to know the origin of things to know where we come from and where we are going. Special interest in curiosities, mysteries and anecdotal events in our history.