The Military Revolution of World War II: The Blitzkrieg

The Military Revolution of World War II: The Blitzkrieg

The WWII it was very different from the first, especially in terms of the type of fighting. The September 1, 1939, Germany presented what would be its main war tactic and with which it would be able to expand throughout the European territory in a short period of time: the “Blitzkrieg”. This strategy would be unstoppable for all countries and only stopped after the campaign in Russia.

The Blitzkrieg is exactly what it means: a blitzkrieg. This concept refers to the tactics that the German army used to achieve its objectives quickly. The basic idea behind this type of maneuver is to cause the defeat of the enemy with the strategic combination of all military forces (land, sea and air) and the surprise factor. They wanted to avoid trench warfareas it produced terrifying mental and human wear and tear. The First World War showed that this type of static confrontation was very little useful, not only for the Germans, but for all the countries involved.

The rapid wars tactic is divided into several phases. First, the armored troops and the aviation make a rapid entry into the territory they are planning to conquer. With the mixture of air power and mechanized ground forces, they manage to break the enemy's lines in a short time and reach the command posts. Once there, the rear is dismantled and the enemy is surrounded. Meanwhile, the infantry is in charge of securing all the areas through which the first outpost has passed quickly. Thus, in a few days, an army can be made to capitulate after quickly conquering its capital and command.

In any case, it is clear that the fundamental parts of the Blitzkrieg deployed by Hitler were the "Luftwaffe" (Air Force) and the “Panzer”(Tanks). Germany increased industrial production of both (airplanes and armored cars) during the interwar period. According to experts, the Germans developed weapons and technology capable of withstanding a war of 6 to 9 months, so their first campaigns should be fast and not stagnate in trench warfare.

The first conflict in which this new form of combat was applied was during the Poland war, on September 1, 1939. The German army passed over the Polish defenses in just a few days. Seeing the success it had, Hitler decided to apply it to France as well. In 1940 Germany launched its offensive on Belgium, the Netherlands, and eventually it entered France and forced them to capitulate. It didn't seem like anything could cope with this new kind of strategy. However, in 1942 the Axis troops stalled in Stalingrad and, from then on, the “BlitzkriegeWould be little used.

Definitely, Blitzkrieg is a type of military strategy It was created to break with the standards that had been established in World War I with trench warfare and to take full advantage of the weapons, economic and human limitations of the German army. It was a revolution in military terms and proposed an alternative to conventional warfare that would be applied in a more developed way in later conflicts in the 20th century.

Passionate about History, he has a degree in Journalism and Audiovisual Communication. Since he was little he loved history and ended up exploring the 18th, 19th and 20th centuries above all.

Video: Blitzkrieg - Hitlers Devastating World War Two Tactic