The archaeological equipment Anne Arundel County (United States) has made a peculiar finding: a dinosaur bone and a dog's grave. This discovery has occurred in "Pig point”, One of the richest deposits in objects in the United States.
The Arundel formation (which is where "Pig Point" is located) is an underground deposit of several layers of clay that extends from Washington to Baltimore. There are a large number of fossils there and it was where some of the first dinosaur bones that are currently in the collection of the Smithsonian Institute.
The dinosaur bone was found in summer, during the last season's excavation on the banks of the Patuxent River. Later, in winter, it was identified after cleaning it in the county laboratory at Historic London Town and Gardens.
The county archaeologist, Al Luckenbach, states that he identified the dinosaur bone immediately, since he had seen similar remains several years ago, when bones appeared in the construction of an airport. For the scientist, it is normal that sometimes team members do not know what they have discovered until they clean it up in the laboratory: “We dig a lot of things during the summer season and then take them to the lab in winter to clean them. We didn't know what we were up to until winter”.
In the first instance, Luckenbach thought that Native Americans had caught the dinosaur bone near Muirkirk (Maryland) and that they had transferred him to “Pig Pont”. But upon investigation, he believes that the bone was taken together with stones of similar size and used as a saucepan or cooking utensil: “Native Americans cooked in clay pots. But if you put a pot of clay on the fire, it would crack when heated. So they put their meat, their vegetables, and their water in the saucepan. They heated these little rocks on the fire and put them in the saucepan to cook their meals”.
For its part, the dog's grave was discovered just a few weeks ago in the upper area from "Pig point”. To understand its context, it is necessary to relate this finding to that of three years ago, when the archaeological team found evidence of a series of huts indicating the centennial presence of a settlement.
“The dog was old, had well developed teeth”Says Luckenbach. Also add: "We don't have to run a Carbon 14 test to determine its age, but we can estimate that the dog was buried between AD 1,000 to 1,300.”. Although many of the dog bones They could not be recovered but most of the skull was intact.
Dogs were the only domestic animals owned by Native American tribes and they used them to hunt and defend themselves from possible attacks. But for all the importance they were, few dog burials from this period have been found in Maryland.
Luckenbach explains: “There were a lot of religious rituals and mythology related to dogs, as they had a special place in the life of Native Americans”. Sometimes the animals were sacrificed, so that they would go with their owners to the afterlife. In the case of the dog found in "Pig point"He does not know if he died of old age or, on the contrary, he was sacrificed. Either way, he was buried near a hut, which would imply that they did it to protect the place from the afterlife.
Passionate about History, he has a degree in Journalism and Audiovisual Communication. Since he was little he loved history and ended up exploring the 18th, 19th and 20th centuries above all.