Some 224 artifacts dating from V century have been discovered on a 25 foot high mound in Sangalwala, Tibia village, 12 kilometers from Kamalia in the Toba Tek Singh district, Pakistan. These include clay bowls, animal and human figures, clay beads, iron household items, copper coins, bracelets, and stone objects. They have also been discovered human remains.
The Department of Archeology has excavated the mound for two years. The first phase began in March 2010 and concluded in May of that same year, having discovered large mud bricks and most pottery. The second phase took place between December 2010 and early 2011. A furnace and two-story structures were unearthed. The third phase of the excavation began in mid-February 2012 and will finish in June of this year. Most of the relics have been discovered in this phase.
Deputy Director of the Department of Archeology, Afzal Khan, says the area was surveyed by the Archaeological Survey of India in 1940 and declared as a archaeological site.
Discoveries of the historic city of Kamalia:
The project director, Maqsood Ahmed Malik, told The Expres Tribune that “there were stories about historical settlements in southern Punjab. The relics discovered confirm it”. He says the excavations will give a glimpse of the history of settlements in Kamalia and Toba Tek Singh. Archaeological material and architectural resources show that the settlements in the area are of between the 5th and 14th centuries.
The main settlement belongs to the hindu shahi era while the architectural resources suggest later settlements of the muslim period, between the eleventh and fourteenth centuries, he says.
From the Arian dynasty:
Malik says that he suspects that some of the structures could belong to the Arian dynasty. The wall of a large fortification seems to mark a fortified enclosure In the area. It is two meters wide and three meters high. "The wall could be from the Arian dynasty, ”he says. “If confirmed, it could help us establish Alexander's route. It is known that he attacked many fortifications in the area”.
According to a document obtained by The Tribune, the structure discovered in the area reveals the use of two types of mud bricks that were used in two periods: between 700-1,000 after Christ and between 1,000-1,400 after Christ.
A team of six members of the Department of Archeology has carried out the excavation. The team, led by Harrapa Museum Curator Mohammad Hassan, includes an archeology student from Peshawar University, an archeology student from Sargodha University, two surveyors, a cartoonist and a photographer. The relics found at the site are being treated in an archaeological laboratory at Lahore Fort and by the chemists there.
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