Laibach Congress, the beginning of the absolutist decadence

Laibach Congress, the beginning of the absolutist decadence

After a few months of Troppau Congress, European powers met urgently at Laibach between January 26 and May 12, 1821. Laibach Congress was summoned so suddenly due to the movements of the Revolution of 1820 from various European countries. A possible Austrian intervention in the Italian peninsula in the kingdom of Piedmont and in that of Naples was treated as a priority.

To defend a possible military aid in Naples, the King of the Two Sicilies came, Fernando I. Claiming that he needed to regain absolute power, he asked the Holy Alliance cooperation to return to the throne. Thus, Austria decided to act in favor of Ferdinand I and restore absolutism in the kingdom of Naples.

For its part, the kingdom of Piedmont had been under an absolutist monarchy of the House of Savoy since 1814. That year, Victor Emmanuel I returned to Turin, after Napoleon was defeated. However, since his return there had been in Turin a series of factions that advocated Italian reunification. Moved by the revolution in Naples, revolted in March 1921, causing Víctor Manuel I to abdicate in favor of his brother Carlos Félix. He had to sign the constitution that the liberal rebels drew up.

Seeing the existing panorama in Piedmont, the Holy Alliance, moved again by Austria, intervened in the Italian territory, putting an end to the aspirations of the liberals. This marked the end of revolutionary Italy but revealed an international problem: Austria was militarily occupying the kingdom of Two Sicilies and the kingdom of Piedmont. In other words, Austria had the Italian peninsula under control, which went against the territorial limits set by the Congress of Vienna.

This problem, together with the protest against the interventions of Great Britain and the attitude of Russia towards the independence of Greece, made it clear that the so-called “Congress Europe”Was in crisis. But nevertheless, the absolutist kings clung to their thrones tighter than before to face the Revolution of 1820, which spread throughout Europe. The consequence would be the Congress of Verona in 1822.

Passionate about History, he has a degree in Journalism and Audiovisual Communication. Since he was little he loved History and ended up exploring the 18th, 19th and 20th centuries above all.

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