Mary Tudor it was Queen of England under the name of María I. However, it is better known as ‘The Sanguinaria ’ or 'Bloody Mary ', which in fact gives its name to a famous cocktail. Daughter of King Henry VIII owes its nickname to good reason.
He was born in Greenwich, England, on March 18, 1518 as a result of the marriage between Henry VIII of England and his first wife, Catherine of Aragon, daughter of the Catholic Monarchs. His life was marked by great ups and downs due to the life of his father. His mother was disowned when the king took a fancy to Anne Boleyn and resigned from the Catholic Church.
This separation and the so cruel treatment his mother was receiving, along with the church schism that was taking place in the country, They made them reconsider if they wanted to continue under their mother's religion or that of their father, Catholicism versus Protestantism. Finally chose stay by your mother's side.
In 1533, after his father's wedding to Anne Boleyn, had to give up your princess title becoming a simple 'lady', Being removed from the line of succession a year later by the English Parliament. This granted the succession rights to his sister Isabel, Ana's daughter. In addition, as a humiliation, she must have been next to Isabel as her maid of honor.
The atmosphere was heated due to the persecution of those who did not embrace the new Anglican church, the Tower of London was full of prisoners. However, the execution of Anne Boleyn made everything calm down and even more after the his father's marriage to his new wife, Jane Seymour.
The new queen got that Maria and her father will reconcile, swearing the new religious laws of the country. From this marriage was born Eduardo, future heir to the crown. When Henry VIII died, Edward VI ascended the throne. But fate wanted his reign to last for a short time and in 1553 he died, which allowed Mary to ascend the throne as Mary I.
Something that was clear to me was that I wanted to continue being faithful to the religion of his mother, the Catholic, which was a respite for those English who professed such a religion. One of the first measures he carried out was the abolition of many of the laws that his brother had promulgated during his reign, reaching imprison dozens of bishopswho professed the Protestant religion.
In his eagerness to re-establish Catholicism, he sought a suitor who had the same religion. That is why he noticed the prince philip, heir to the Spanish crown and son of Emperor Carlos I of Spain and V of Germany. In this way, too I would isolate France. There were many difficulties to be able to carry out the marriage, but finally the English Parliament approved the link. The wedding took place on July 25, 1554 at Westminster Abbey.
The link it was not well seen at first by the English subjects, since with this they saw that they would be under the Hispanic monarchy, which was one of the main allies of the Holy See. Following the announcement, there was a serious rebellion in Kent, organized by the French Ambassador and Sir Thomas Wyatt.
The rebellion was put down, but the queen undertook a harsh repression against anyone who was against the reinstatement of Catholicism, priming themselves with the classes of lower social status. It is believed that it came to condemn nearly 300 people to the stake, locking up hundreds more and chasing thousands. This fact would be the one that gave him his famous nickname.
In 1555, Philip left England to rule his own territories, since although they were married, each one continued governing the countries that belonged to him. Something that further angered the population was that this it was not fulfilled as is. Maria decided support her husband in the war against France. Bad luck accompanied the English and while the Spanish won battles, they were losing them, getting to lose Calais against the French enemy, whose troops were under the command of the Duke of Guise. This produced a great discontent in the population that would not be appeased until his death.
Maria I died on November 17, 1558 at St James's Palace. Despite her wish to be buried alongside her mother, she was entombed in Westminster Abbey. His death prevented a greater rebellion than had been lived up to now. Because he had no descendants, who acceded to the throne and was named queen was her sister Elizabeth I, the daughter of Anne Boleyn.
With a degree in Journalism and Audiovisual Communication, since I was a child I have been attracted to the world of information and audiovisual production. Passion for informing and being informed of what is happening in every corner of the planet. Likewise, I am pleased to be part of the creation of an audiovisual product that will later entertain or inform people. My interests include cinema, photography, the environment and, above all, history. I consider it essential to know the origin of things to know where we come from and where we are going. Special interest in curiosities, mysteries and anecdotal events in our history.