The Holy Alliance as an instrument of the Restoration

The Holy Alliance as an instrument of the Restoration

The holy alliance was created by the tsar Alexander I on September 26, 1815. Although it was not taken seriously at first, it was signed by Austria, Russia and Prussia. The British Foreign Minister, Lord castlereagh, described it as “example of sublime mysticism and folly”. A similar opinion was held by the Austrian Chancellor, Klemens von Metternich, who stated that the Holy Alliance it was one "declaration of a sound void”. However, since there was no obligation to seek peace, they quickly signed it.

The alliance came to be a pact of mutual aid between the Christian monarchs, in order to maintain “the precepts of justice, charity and peace", For which they should be willing to"help each other and help each other at any time and place”. He also came to vindicate the hegemonic role in Europe of the tsar as arbiter of peace. Along the Congress of Vienna he had seen his claims dramatically reduced, that is why he sought to make amends with this pact.

The reason that led to Alexander I founding it, was the mythical enthusiasm of the Tsar that he had since the French Revolution. His religious mentor, Baroness von Krüdeneer, considered the Tsar the chosen one of God to end revolutionary ideas and Napoleon. Alexander I should regenerate Europe from all the revolts launched in 1879.

The most immediate need this alliance had was maintain absolutism in Europe, being able to resort to violence to avoid possible revolutionary movements. Thus, the Holy Alliance it became the most useful instrument of all the monarchical powers of central Europe to maintain their totalitarian hegemonies.

The treaty was open to all those monarchs who wanted to join, if they felt identified. But it excluded, a priori, the King of Great Britain, the Sultan of Turkey and the Pope. The first was prohibited by law from making pacts on his person. The sultan could not join, since the Holy Alliance was a Christian treaty. And finally, the Pope could not participate, as it was a Christian pact but not a Catholic one.

Definitely, the holy alliance endowed most of the countries that had participated in the Congress of Vienna of a fundamental piece to consecrate a policy of principles based on religion.

Passionate about History, he has a degree in Journalism and Audiovisual Communication. Since he was little he loved History and ended up exploring the 18th, 19th and 20th centuries above all.

Video: The Doctrine of Fascism