The Society of nations created in 1919 it was an ideological success, with a pacifist proposal that lasts to this day. His mentality supposed a change with the expansionist and imperialist ideas of the XIX century and proposed to stop the policy of alliances initiated by Bismarck in the middle of the previous century. However, it was only an ideological triumph, since the project ended up failing in the 1930s.
The First World War it was one of the worst wars in history. However, it left behind a change in the mentality of Western society that has ended up taking us to the historical moment in which we find ourselves.
After the war, most of the soldiers, citizens and political leaders ended up disenchanted. The traditional image of war as a purification and a way to resolve conflicts was called into question. It had been shown that he could not continue everything as before.
The first to realize this situation was the American president Woodrow wilson. It was clear to him that the idea of nation and way of managing politics inherited from the 19th century was obsolete. So, wrote the Fourteen Points, for which it proclaimed a series of values that should be recognized worldwide. With this mindset, in the Paris conference 1919, Wilson got the regulations for the Society of nations.
The Society of nations was the embryo of what we now know as United Nations. For the American president, the new international organization was intended to unite all nations and guarantee the independence and integrity of all of them. Its statutes were drawn up by a commission chaired by Wilson himself and granted full powers in the event of issues or situations that threatened the peace achieved in 1919.
Initially, the Society of nations, baptized as League of Nations in English, he was born with the conviction that covert diplomacy was a failure and that the politics of alliances should be eradicated. The scope of action was extended to the colonies, so they could intervene in affairs anywhere in the world, as long as there was unanimity of decisions. Precisely this point, unanimity, was an incentive for several nations to unite, since it guaranteed the sovereignty of each country.
The institution was made up of the Assembly, the Council, and the Permanent Secretariat. The Council consisted of nine states, of which 5 were permanent and four were rotating. The permanents were United States, England, Italy, France and Japan. The seat of the Assembly was established in Geneva.
Even with all the ideological burden of President Wilson, the United States did not join the League of Nations, although they would do so in affiliated bodies, such as the Council. However, this loss deprived the organization of authority, which ended up going into crisis in the 1930s and the rise of totalitarianism and nationalism.
Passionate about History, he has a degree in Journalism and Audiovisual Communication. Since he was little he loved history and ended up exploring the 18th, 19th and 20th centuries above all.