The Order of the Temple was one of the famous military orders of the Middle Ages. With a short history of just two centuries, its end was both horrible and controversial.
It was founded by nine knights in the year1118 in Jerusalem, led by Hugo de Payens after the First Crusade in the Holy Land. His main mission was protect the holy places, which became more evident after losing the Christian territories in Palestine to the infidels. They possessed great power, both military and economic, which aroused the envy of the rulers of that time.
In 1307, the King of FrancePhilip the Beautiful, was at the top of debts, so he decided to ask for a loan to order to start a new crusade, the seventh. Furthermore, the king had not been particularly pleased that the Temple would have refused to join the Hospital order, more humble and with less power. Therefore, and blinded by envy, he decided to hatch a plan to Finish with them. In this way it could be done with all the goods and riches of the order and thus solve the debts that the kingdom had.
- Jacques de molay
Through spies, he began to defame information on the members of the order, blaming that they sinned pride and vice. These smears reached the Pope in person, which in those days was about Clement V, who ordered that a investigationto find out the truth of such rumors.
The Grand Master of the Temple, Jacques de molay, arrived in France to recruit soldiers at that time and upon discovering the accusations, he decided to go to speak with the Pope so that he could make an examination of those accusations which, he affirmed, they were false. This reached the ears of the King of France, who decided to act quickly. Thus, the October 13, 1307, at the end of the funeral for the Countess of Valois, Molay and the Templars who accompanied him were Arrested and Jailed Charged with Using Dark Arts. Clement V then ordered arrest all the templars and to put all his goods under the control of the Church, something that the king did not accept, so he threatened the Pope and he could not do anything else but accept.
The accusations included denying Jesus, worshiping other idols, spitting on the cross, and sodomy. All these accusations were generated by Esquieu of Floyran, which claimed to have shared cell with a templar and that he had told her all the secrets of the order. Thanks to torture carried out by the Inquisition, the confessions of the accused were obtained that, in order to avoid death, they affirmed everything what they were accused of.
Due to the protests that were being generated by Christian lands, the Pope decided to organize, through the bull Faciens Misericordiam approved on August 12, 1308, some commissions to listen to the Templars. The process would begin on April 12 of the following year in Paris. All knights, free from the torture to which they had been subjected, they denied each and every confession they had made. The king, seeing that his version was in danger, resorted to his influences to organize an ecumenical council, the council of Sens, announced by the bull Regnan in Coelis.
It began in the month of April 1310. Little by little it went running at the stake to the Templars under the monarch's orders despite the fact that in some cases there were no final sentences. To increase the suffering, a type of wood that burned slower was chosen. During the torture, the condemned clamored for their innocence and embraced God.
- Templars at the stake
Clement V announced the suppression of the Order of the Temple at the Council of Vienne, which was held between October 16, 1311 and April 3, 1312. Furthermore, under the orders of the French king, the imprisoned Templars had been subjected to torture again, achieving new confessions about devil worship and homosexual practices.
The May 2, 1312, the Pope issued the bull Ad Providam, by which granted the goods of the order to the Hospitallers, without ceasing to give most to King Philip the Fair. Four days later, the accused were confined in monasteries and sentenced to life imprisonment.
To the Grand Master together with his three senior leaders Another trial awaited them, which took place on March 18, 1314. These were the Master Jacques de Molay, Godfrey de Charney, Hugo de Peraud and Godfrey de Goneville. In front of the cathedral of Notre-Dame of Paris a great gallows was raised where the four would be executed at the stake. Before being executed, de Molay declared his innocence and injustice that had been committed against them.
That same afternoon they were transferred to Isle of the Jews, on the river Seine, where they were executed by burning at the stake. The last words of the grand master were addressed to the king and the pope, stating that due to the injustice that had been committed both would be accountable to God within a year. Clement V died after just a month, and King Philip the Fair in November of that same year.
With a degree in Journalism and Audiovisual Communication, since I was a child I have been attracted to the world of information and audiovisual production. Passion for informing and being informed of what is happening in every corner of the planet. Likewise, I am pleased to be part of the creation of an audiovisual product that will later entertain or inform people. My interests include cinema, photography, the environment and, above all, history. I consider it essential to know the origin of things to know where we come from and where we are going. Special interest in curiosities, mysteries and anecdotal events in our history.